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The Routledge Handbook of Hellenistic Philosophy

Edited By

Kelly Arenson





ISBN 9780815347910
Published June 30, 2020 by Routledge
474 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Hellenistic philosophy concerns the thought of the Epicureans, Stoics, and Skeptics, the most influential philosophical groups in the era between the death of Alexander the Great (323 BCE) and the defeat of the last Greek stronghold in the ancient world (31 BCE).

The Routledge Handbook of Hellenistic Philosophy provides accessible yet rigorous introductions to the theories of knowledge, ethics, and physics belonging to each of the three schools, explores the fascinating ways in which interschool rivalries shaped the philosophies of the era, and offers unique insight into the relevance of Hellenistic views to issues today, such as environmental ethics, consumerism, and bioethics. Eleven countries are represented among the Handbook’s 35 authors, whose chapters were written specifically for this volume and are organized thematically into six sections:

    • The people, history, and methods of Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Skepticism.
    • Earlier philosophical influences on Hellenistic thought, such as Aristotle, Socrates, and Presocratics.
    • The soul, perception, and knowledge.
    • God, fate, and the primary principles of nature and the universe.
    • Ethics, political theory, society, and community.
    • Hellenistic philosophy’s relevance to contemporary life.

Spanning from the ancient past to the present, this Handbook aims to show that Hellenistic philosophy has much to offer all thinking people of the twenty-first century.

Table of Contents

Introduction  Part I: Methods and Background  1. Epicurean Philosophy and Its Parts  2. The Stoics and their Philosophical System  3. Argumentative Strategies of Pyrrhonian and Academic Skeptics  4. Documenting Hellenistic Philosophy: Cicero as a Source and Philosopher  Part II: Early Influences  5. Epicureans, Earlier Atomists, and Cyrenaics  6. Cynic Influences on Stoic Ethics  7. Stoics and Presocratic Materialists  8. Aristotelian and Stoic Virtue  9. Socratic Ignorance and Ethics in the Stoa  10. Academic Skepticism and the Socratic Method  Part III: Soul, Perception, and Knowledge  11. Stoic Epistemology  12. The Stoic Theory of the Soul  13. Impressions and Truth in Epicurean Epistemology  14. Epicurus on Sense-Experience and the Fear of Death  15. Skeptical Defenses Against the Inaction Objection  16. Skeptical Responses to Stoics and Epicureans on the Criterion  Part IV: First Principles, Nature, and Teleology  17. Epicureans on What There Is  18.Epicureans on Teleology and Freedom  19. Nature, God, and Determinism in Early Stoicism  20. Stoics and Epicureans on Language and the World  21. Free Will and Fate in Carneades’ Academic Skepticism  22. Piety and Theology in the Stoics, Epicureans, and Pyrrhonian Skeptics  Part V: Ethics, Politics, and Society  23. Tranquility as the Goal in Pyrrhonian Skepticism  24. Epicureans on Pleasure, Desire, and Happiness  25. Epicureans on Friendship, Politics, and Community  26. The Medicine of Salvation: Epicurean Education as Therapy  27. Moral Philosophy in the Imperial Roman Stoa  28. Academic Skeptics and Stoics on "Trying Your Best" and the Ultimate End of Action  Part VI: The Hellenistic Legacy in Contemporary Issues  29. Is Skepticism Natural? Ancient and Modern Perspectives  30. Stoicism and Contemporary Medical Ethics  31. Stoic Therapy for Today’s Troubles  32. Stoic Cosmopolitanism and Environmental Ethics  33. Feminism and Stoic Sagehood  34. Epicurean Advice for the Modern Consumer  35.Hellenistic Philosophy and the Origins of Economic Thought

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Editor(s)

Biography

Kelly Arenson is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Duquesne University. She is the author of Health and Hedonism in Plato and Epicurus (2019).