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The Routledge Handbook of Hellenistic Philosophy




ISBN 9780815347910
Published June 30, 2020 by Routledge
460 Pages - 1 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Hellenistic philosophy concerns the thought of the Epicureans, Stoics, and Skeptics, the most influential philosophical groups in the era between the death of Alexander the Great (323 BCE) and the defeat of the last Greek stronghold in the ancient world (31 BCE).

The Routledge Handbook of Hellenistic Philosophy provides accessible yet rigorous introductions to the theories of knowledge, ethics, and physics belonging to each of the three schools, explores the fascinating ways in which interschool rivalries shaped the philosophies of the era, and offers unique insight into the relevance of Hellenistic views to issues today, such as environmental ethics, consumerism, and bioethics. Eleven countries are represented among the Handbook’s 35 authors, whose chapters were written specifically for this volume and are organized thematically into six sections:

    • The people, history, and methods of Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Skepticism.
    • Earlier philosophical influences on Hellenistic thought, such as Aristotle, Socrates, and Presocratics.
    • The soul, perception, and knowledge.
    • God, fate, and the primary principles of nature and the universe.
    • Ethics, political theory, society, and community.
    • Hellenistic philosophy’s relevance to contemporary life.

Spanning from the ancient past to the present, this Handbook aims to show that Hellenistic philosophy has much to offer all thinking people of the twenty-first century.

Table of Contents

Introduction  Kelly Arenson

Part I: Methods and Background

1. Epicurean Philosophy and Its Parts  J. Clerk Shaw

2. The Stoics and their Philosophical System  William O. Stephens

3. Argumentative Strategies of Pyrrhonian and Academic Skeptics  Renata Ziemińska

4. Documenting Hellenistic Philosophy: Cicero as a Source and Philosopher  Thornton C. Lockwood, Jr.

Part II: Early Influences

5. Epicureans, Earlier Atomists, and Cyrenaics  Stefano Maso

6. Cynic Influences on Stoic Ethics  Christopher Turner

7. Stoics and Presocratic Materialists  Ricardo Salles

8. Aristotelian and Stoic Virtue  Jacob Klein

9. Socratic Ignorance and Ethics in the Stoa  René Brouwer

10. Academic Skepticism and the Socratic Method  Svavar Hrafn Svavarsson

Part III: Soul, Perception, and Knowledge

11. Stoic Epistemology  Ian Hensley

12. The Stoic Theory of the Soul  Tamer Nawar

13. Impressions and Truth in Epicurean Epistemology  Andree Hahmann

14. Epicurus on Sense-Experience and the Fear of Death  Emily Austin

15. Skeptical Defenses Against the Inaction Objection  Whitney Schwab

16. Skeptical Responses to Stoics and Epicureans on the Criterion  Scott Aikin

Part IV: First Principles, Nature, and Teleology

17. Epicureans on What There Is  Jan Maximilian Robitzsch

18. Epicureans on Teleology and Freedom  Attila Németh

19. Nature, God, and Determinism in Stoicism  Anna Maria Ioppolo

20. Stoics and Epicureans on Language and the World  Catherine Atherton

21. Free Will and Fate in Carneades’ Academic Skepticism  James Allen

22. Piety and Theology in the Stoics, Epicureans, and Pyrrhonian Skeptics  Harald Thorsrud

Part V: Ethics, Politics, and Society

23. Tranquility as the Goal in Pyrrhonian Skepticism  Casey Perin

24. Epicureans on Pleasure, Desire, and Happiness  Benjamin A. Rider

25. Epicureans on Friendship, Politics, and Community  Anna Christensen

26. The Medicine of Salvation: Epicurean Education as Therapy  Michael McOsker

27. Moral Philosophy in the Imperial Roman Stoa  Georgia Mouroutsou

28. Academic Skeptics and Stoics on "Trying Your Best" and the Ultimate End of Action  Christiana Olfert

Part VI: The Hellenistic Legacy in Contemporary Issues

29. Is Skepticism Natural? Ancient and Modern Perspectives  Richard Bett

30. Stoicism and Contemporary Medical Ethics  James A. Dunson III

31. Stoic Therapy for Today’s Troubles  Massimo Pigliucci

32. Stoic Cosmopolitanism and Environmental Ethics  Simon Shogry

33. Feminism and Stoic Sagehood  Lisa Hill

34. Epicurean Advice for the Modern Consumer  Tim O’Keefe

35. Hellenistic Philosophy and the Origins of Economic Thought  Phillip Mitsis

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Editor(s)

Biography

Kelly Arenson is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Duquesne University. She is the author of Health and Hedonism in Plato and Epicurus (2019).