1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Heritage Destruction

    476 Pages 13 Color & 33 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    476 Pages 13 Color & 33 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Heritage Destruction presents a comprehensive view on the destruction of cultural heritage and offers insights into this multifaceted, interdisciplinary phenomenon; the methods scholars have used to study it; and the results these various methods have produced.

    By juxtaposing theoretical and legal frameworks and conceptual contexts alongside a wide distribution of geographical and temporal case studies, this book throws light upon the risks, and the realizations, of art and heritage destruction. Exploring the variety of forces that drive the destruction of heritage, the volume also contains contributions that consider what forms heritage destruction takes and in which contexts and circumstances it manifests. Contributors, including local scholars, also consider how these drivers and contexts change, and what effect this has on heritage destruction, and how we conceptualise it. Overall, the book establishes the importance of the need to study the destruction of art and cultural heritage within a wider framework that encompasses not only theory but also legal, military, social, and ontological issues.

    The Routledge Handbook of Heritage Destruction will contribute to the development of a more complete understanding and analysis of heritage destruction. The Handbook will be useful to academics, students, and professionals with interest in heritage, conservation and preservation, history and art history, archaeology, anthropology, philosophy, and law.

    1. A path well worn? Approaches for the old problem of heritage destruction   

    José Antonio González Zarandona, Emma Cunliffe, and Melathi Saldin 

    Part 1 Understanding Destruction 

    2. Heritage Destruction in Conflict  

    Claire Smith 

    3. Talking about Heritage Destruction in Market Countries  

    Erin L. Thompson 

    4. Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Peacetime and International Law 

    Lucas Lixinski 

    5. Development of the Law of Armed Conflict as Applied to Cultural Heritage  

    Patty Gerstenblith 

    6. Heritage Destruction and Human Rights  

    Federico Lenzerini 

    7. Heritage Destruction and Genocide: Legal Resistance, Conceptual Resiliency  

    Elisa Novic 

    8. Methods, Motivations, and Actors: A Risk-based Approach to Heritage Destruction and Protection  

    Emma Cunliffe 

    Part 2 Interpretations of Destruction 

    9. Heritage Destruction, Natural Disasters, and the Environment: Geological Disasters 

    Tom Dawson 

    10. Heritage Destruction, Natural Disasters, and the Environment: Atmospheric Disasters  

    Tom Dawson 

    11. Flooded Heritage: The Impact of Dams on Archaeological Sites  

    Nicolò Marchetti and Federico Zaina 

    12. On Destruction in Art and Film 

    Stacy Boldrick 

    13. Between Heritage and the Readymade—the Imminent Aesthetic of Ai Weiwei 

    José Antonio González Zarandona 

    14. Heritage Predation and the Pursuit of Politics 

    Mehiyar Kathem 

    15. Post-conflict Recovery Challenges: Affect and Heritage in Post-conflict Cyprus and Italy 

    Olga Demetriou and Elena Miltiadis 

    16. Media Narratives, Heritage Destruction, and Universal Heritage: A Case Study of Palmyra 

    Christopher W. Jones 

    17. Collateral Damage: The Negative Side Effects of Protecting Cultural Heritage in Conflict Related Situations  

    Frederik Rosén 

    18. Turning Destruction into an Opportunity: Understanding the Construction of Timbuktu’s ‘success story’ by UNESCO  

    Mathilde Leloup 

    19. Heritage Destruction from a Humanitarian Perspective 

    Jennifer Price-Jones 

    Part 3 Expressions of Destruction  

    20. Cultural Property Destruction and Damage in Two World Wars 

    Nigel Pollard 

    21. Heritage Destruction and its Impact in Scandinavia and the Baltic Region during the Second World War 

    Mattias Legnér 

    22. Case Study: The Wars of Yugoslav Succession  

    Helen Walasek 

    23. Cambodia: Gods Threatened by the Art Market and Warfare 

    Angela S. Chiu, Helena M. Arose, and Ben B. Evans 

    24. Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict: The Case of Syria 

    Nour Munawar 

    25. Iraq: Creative Destruction and Cultural Heritage in the Warscape  

    Zainab Bahrani 

    26. Iraqi and Syrian Responses to Heritage Destruction under the Islamic State: Genocide, Displacement, Reconstruction, and Return 

    Benjamin Isakhan and James Barry 

    27. Heritage Destruction in the Caucasus with a Specific Focus on the Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict 

    Ali Mozaffari and James Barry 

    28. Weaponised Heritage: Urbicide by Construction and Destruction in Nablus, Palestine 

    Nurhan Abujidi 

    29. What is Happening to Egyptian Heritage? The Case of Privately-owned Buildings 

    Mohamed Kenawi 

    30. Destruction, Development, and Heritage in Melbourne: SX Towers, Southern Cross Hotel, Eastern Market 

    James Lesh and David Nichols 

    31. Case Study: The destruction of Australian Aboriginal Heritage and its Implications for Indigenous Peoples Globally  

    Jillian Huntley and Lynley A. Wallis 

    32. Destruction of Heritage in Latin America  

    María Isabel Hernández Llosas  

    Part 4 Transformations 

    33. Reconsidering Heritage Destruction and Sustainable Development in a Long-Term Perspective 

    Cornelius Holtorf and Troels Myrup Kristensen 


    José Antonio González Zarandona holds a PhD in Art History, Archaeology and Heritage Studies from the University of Melbourne. He has held fellowships from the British Academy and Columbia University. His latest book is Murujuga: Rock Art, Heritage and Landscape Iconoclasm (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2020). Antonio researches the intersections between heritage, art, and media. He has published widely on heritage destruction and iconoclasm in Australia, Iraq, Syria, Myanmar, Mexico, videogames, and Google.

    Emma Cunliffe holds a PhD in Archaeology from Durham University, where she studied site damage in Syria. She is a Senior Research Associate in the UNESCO Chair in Cultural Property Protection and Peace at Newcastle University (UK), most recently co-editing Safeguarding Cultural Property in the 1954 Hague Convention. All Possible Steps? (Boydell Press, 2022). She is also part of the Secretariat for Blue Shield International, an NGO dedicated to heritage protection in conflict and disaster and the Secretary for the UK National Committee. She teaches cultural property protection for students, heritage professionals, and armed forces, and provides expertise on military exercises.

    Melathi Saldin is a Lecturer in Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies at Deakin University, Australia. She has a PhD in Heritage Studies (Deakin University), a BA (Hons), and an MPhil in Archaeology (University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka). Melathi’s research looks at the politicisation of heritage and archaeology across Asia and the potential of heritage for resilience building in communities recovering from war and other forms of social upheaval. She is Co-Chair of the Sri Lanka ICOMOS National Scientific Committee on Intangible Cultural Heritage.