1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Language Contact

Edited By Evangelia Adamou, Yaron Matras Copyright 2021
    576 Pages 34 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    576 Pages 34 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Language Contact provides an overview of the state of the art of current research in contact linguistics. Presenting contact linguistics as an established field of investigation in its own right and featuring 26 chapters, this handbook brings together a broad range of approaches to contact linguistics, including:

    • experimental and observational approaches and formal theories;
    • a focus on social and cognitive factors that impact the outcome of language contact situations and bilingual language processing;
    • the emergence of new languages and speech varieties in contact situations, and contact linguistic phenomena in urban speech and linguistic landscapes.

    With contributions from an international range of leading and emerging scholars in their fields, the four sections of this text deal with methodological and theoretical approaches, the factors that condition and shape language contact, the impact of language contact on individuals, and language change, repertoires and formation.

    This handbook is an essential reference for anyone with an interest in language contact in particular regions of the world, including Anatolia, Eastern Polynesia, the Balkans, Asia, Melanesia, North America, and West Africa.


    Evangelia Adamou and Yaron Matras

    Part 1. Methods and theoretical approaches

    1) Processing multilingual data

    Barbara E. Bullock, Almeida Jacqueline Toribio, Jacqueline Serigos, and Gualberto A. Guzman

    2) Language contact in the lab

    Paola E. Dussias, Judith F. Kroll, Melinda Fricke, and Michael A. Johns

    3) A variationist perspective on language contact

    Shana Poplack

    4) The 4-M model: different routes in production for different morphemes

    Janice L. Jake and Carol Myers-Scotton

    5) Theoretical approaches to the grammar of codeswitching

    Jeff MacSwan

    6) Usage-based approaches

    Ad Backus

    Part 2. Processes and dimensions

    7) Social factors

    Kofi Yakpo

    8) Language contact: pragmatic factors

    Peter Auer

    9) Cognitive factors of language contact

    Kees de Bot and Lars Bulow

    10) Typological factors

    Felicity Meakins

    11) Cross-language contact in the developing grammars of bilingual children

    Jennifer Austin

    12) First language attrition in the twenty-first century: How continued L1 contact in the digital age fuels language attrition theorizing

    Merel Keijzer

    Part 3. Outcomes

    13) Borrowing

    Yaron Matras and Evangelia Adamou

    14) Codeswitching and bilinguals’ grammars

    Rena Torres Cacoullos and Catherine E. Travis

    15) Convergence

    Björn Wiemer

    16) Creoles and pidgins: why the latter are not the ancestors of the former

    Salikoko S. Mufwene

    17) Mixed Languages

    Carmel O’Shannessy

    18) Linguistic landscape and urban multilingualism

    Carla Bagna, Monica Barni, and Martina Bellinzona

    19) Urban youth speech styles in multilingual settings

    Margreet Dorleijn, Maarten Kossmann, and Jacomine Nortier

    Part 4. Linguistic areas

    20) The Balkans

    Victor A. Friedman

    21) Anatolia

    Anaïd Donabedian and Ioanna Sitaridou

    22) Language contact in the Asian region

    Umberto Ansaldo and Lisa Lim

    23) Eastern Polynesia

    Mary Walworth

    24) Linguistic Melanesia

    Antoinette Schapper

    25) Language contact in North America

    Marianne Mithun

    26) Language contact in West Africa

    Friederike Lüpke and Rachel Watson


    Evangelia Adamou is Senior Researcher at the CNRS (France). She specializes in the analysis of endangered languages with a focus on language contact and bilingualism, combining corpus and experimental methods. Recent publications include: A Corpus-Driven Approach to Language Contact (2016, De Gruyter Mouton) and The Adaptive Bilingual Mind (under contract, Cambridge University Press).

    Yaron Matras is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Manchester. His research interests include contact linguistics, urban multilingualism, typology, and language documentation. He has worked on dialects of Romani, German, Kurdish, and other languages, and is the founder of the Multilingual Manchester research unit.