1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Language Revitalization

Edited By Leanne Hinton, Leena Huss, Gerald Roche Copyright 2018
    552 Pages 20 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    552 Pages 20 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Language Revitalization is the first comprehensive overview of the language revitalization movement, from the Arctic to the Amazon and across continents. Featuring 47 contributions from a global range of top scholars in the field, the handbook is divided into two parts, the first of which expands on language revitalization issues of theory and practice while the second covers regional perspectives in an effort to globalize and decolonize the field. The collection examines critical issues in language revitalization, including:

    • language rights, language and well-being, and language policy;
    • language in educational institutions and in the home;
    • new methodologies and venues for language learning;
    • and the roles of documentation, literacies, and the internet.

    The volume also contains chapters on the kinds of language that are less often researched such as the revitalization of music, of whistled languages and sign languages, and how languages change when they are being revitalized. The Routledge Handbook of Language Revitalization is the ideal resource for graduate students and researchers working in linguistic anthropology and language revitalization and endangerment.


    Language Revitalization as a Growing Field of Study and Practice

    Leanne Hinton, Leena Huss and Gerald Roche

    Part 1

    Issues of Theory and Practice

    Section 1.1. Language Revitalization in Context

    1. "Language is Like Food … ": Links Between Language Revitalization and Health and Wellbeing

    Michael Walsh

    2. Language Rights and Revitalization

    Tove Skutnabb-Kangas

    3. Community-Based Language Planning: Perspectives from Indigenous Language Revitalization

    Teresa L. McCarty

    4. Reinvigorating Language Policy and Planning for Intergenerational Language Revitalisation

    Joseph Lo Bianco

    Section 1.2. The Role of Institutions

    5. The Role of Organizations in Language Revitalization

    Suzanne Gessner, Margaret Florey, Inée Slaughter, and Leanne Hinton

    6. Training Institutes for Language Revitalization

    Arienne Dwyer, Ofelia Zepeda, Jordan Lachler, and Janne Underriner

    Section 1.3. Revitalization through Education

    7. Preschool and School as Sites for Revitalizing Languages with Very Few Speakers

    Jon Todal

    8. Higher Education in Indigenous Language Revitalization

    William H. Wilson

    9. Is Revitalization through Education Possible?

    Nancy H. Hornberger and Haley De Korne

    Section 1.4. Language Revitalization in the Household

    10. Kotahi Mano Kaika, Kotahi Mano Wawata – A Thousand Homes, a Thousand Dreams: Permission to Dream Again

    Hana Merenea O’Regan

    11. Tolowa Language in the home

    Pyuwa Bommelyn with Ruby Tuttle

    Section 1.5. New Methodologies for Language Learning

    12. The Master-Apprentice Language Learning Program

    Leanne Hinton, Margaret Florey, Suzanne Gessner and Jacob Manatowa-Bailey

    13. An Overview of Where Are Your Keys: A Glimpse Inside the Technique Toolbox

    Evan Gardner and Susanna Ciotti

    14. The Root Word Method For Building Proficient Second Language Speakers of Polysynthetic Languages: Onkwawén:na Kentyókhwa Adult Mohawk Language Immersion Program

    Tehota’kerá:tonh Jeremy Green and Owennatékha Brian Maracle

    15. Language Nesting in the Home

    Zalmai ¿¿sw¿li Zahir

    Section 1.6. Literacy, Language Documentation, and the Internet

    16. Revitalizing the Cherokee Syllabary

    Brad Montgomery-Anderson

    17. Learning Languages Through Archives

    Justin Spence

    18. The Breath of Life Workshops and Institutes

    Daryl Baldwin, Leanne Hinton and Gabriela Pérez Báez

    19. Online dictionaries for language revitalization

    Andrew Garrett

    20. Language Documentation and Language Revitalization: Some Methodological Considerations

    Peter K. Austin and Julia Sallabank

    21. Documentary Fieldwork and its Web of Responsibilities

    Nancy C. Dorian

    Section 1.7. Special representations of language

    22. Hawaiian Medium Theatre and the Language Revitalization Movement:

    A Means to Reestablishing Mauli Hawai¿i

    C. M. Kaliko Baker

    23. A Case for Greater Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Language and Music Revitalization

    Catherine Grant

    24. Revitalization of Whistled Languages

    Julien Meyer

    25. Endangerment and Revitalization of Sign Languages

    J. Albert Bickford and Melanie McKay-Cody

    26. New Speakers of Minority Languages

    Bernadette O’Rourke

    Part 2

    Regional Perspectives: Decolonizing and Globalizing Language Revitalization


    Gerald Roche

    Section 2.1. Europe

    27. From the Ashes: Language Revitalization in Cornwall

    Jenefer Lowe

    28. Maintenance and Revitalization of Gallo

    Sean Nolan

    29. Language Revitalization in the Channel Islands

    Julia Sallabank

    Section 2.2. Australia and Aotearoa/New Zealand

    30. Language Revitalization in Aotearoa/New Zealand

    Stephen May and Richard Hill

    31. Language Revival in Australia

    John Hobson

    32. Revitalization of Kaurna

    Rob Amery

    Section 2.3. The Arctic

    33. Arctic Indigenous Languages: Vitality and Revitalization

    Lenore A. Grenoble

    34. Revitalization of Sámi Languages in Three Nordic Countries: Finland, Norway and Sweden

    Ulla Aikio-Puoskari

    35. "This Work is Not for Pessimists": Revitalization of Inari Saami Language

    Annika Pasenen

    Section 2.4. The Americas

    36. Language Revitalization in Indigenous North America

    Leanne Hinton and Barbra Meek

    37. "Carrying on The Word That I Know": Teacher-Community Language Revitalization Collaborations in Indigenous Oaxaca, Mexico

    Lois M. Meyer

    38. Revitalizing Pipil: The Cuna Nahuat Experience

    Jorge E. Lemus

    39. Language Revalorization in Peruvian Amazonia, Through the Lens of Iquito

    Christine Beier and Lev Michael

    Section 2.5. Asia

    40. Language Revitalization¿of Tibetan

    Gerald Roche and Lugyal Bum

    41. Supporting and Sustaining Language Vitality in Northern Pakistan

    Henrik Liljegren

    42. Language Revitalization: The Tai Ahom Language of Northeast India

    Stephen Morey

    43. Revitalization of Duoxu: A First-hand Account

    Katerina Chirkova

    44. Revitalization of The Ryukyuan Languages

    Patrick Heinrich

    45. The Revitalization of Nivkh on Sakhalin

    Ekaterina Gruzdeva and Juha Janhunen

    Section 2.6. Africa

    46. Supporting Vital Repertoires, Not Revitalizing Languages

    Friederike Lüpke

    47. Reclaiming Amazigh in a Time of Devitalization

    Ahmed Kabel



    What works in Language Revitalization

    Leanne Hinton, Leena Huss and Gerald Roche


    Leanne Hinton is Professor Emerita at the University of California, Berkeley, USA, and an advisory member of the board of the Advocates for Indigenous California Language Survival.

    Leena Huss is Professor Emerita at Uppsala University, Sweden, and Professor II Emerita at The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø.

    Gerald Roche is an anthropologist, and is currently a DECRA research fellow at the University of Melbourne, Australia.

    "This impressive collection comprises chapters examining perspectives on language revitalization including its context, players, methods, technology, and relationship to documentation and other disciplines, and chapters on regional perspectives. Authors include learners, curriculum developers, language centre directors, linguists, and others. This is exactly the book needed today. It will be invaluable for all involved in language revitalization from research and practice perspectives. Thank you to the editors for their vision."

    – Keren Rice, University of Toronto, Canada