Scientists studying the burning of stars, the evolution of species, DNA, the brain, the economy, and social change, all frequently describe their work as searching for mechanisms. Despite this fact, for much of the twentieth century philosophical discussions of the nature of mechanisms remained outside philosophy of science.
The Routledge Handbook of Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into four Parts:
- Historical perspectives on mechanisms
- The nature of mechanisms
- Mechanisms and the philosophy of science
- Disciplinary perspectives on mechanisms.
Within these Parts central topics and problems are examined, including the rise of mechanical philosophy in the seventeenth century; what mechanisms are made of and how they are organized; mechanisms and laws and regularities; how mechanisms are discovered and explained; dynamical systems theory; and disciplinary perspectives from physics, chemistry, biology, biomedicine, ecology, neuroscience, and the social sciences.
Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of science, the Handbook will also be of interest to those in related fields, such as metaphysics, philosophy of psychology, and history of science.
Table of Contents
Preface William C. Wimsatt
1. Introduction: Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophies Stuart Glennan and Phyllis Illari
Part 1: Historical Perspectives on Mechanisms
2. Mechanisms: Ancient Sources Tiberiu Popa
3. From the Mechanical Philosophy to Early Modern Mechanisms Sophie Roux
4. The Origins of the Reaction Mechanism William Goodwin
5. Mechanism, Organicism and Vitalism Garland E. Allen
6. Mechanisms and the Mental Marcin Milkowski
Part 2: The Nature of Mechanisms
7. Varieties of Mechanisms Stuart Glennan and Phyllis Illari
8. Mechanisms, Phenomena, and Functions Justin Garson
9. The Components and Boundaries of Mechanisms Marie I. Kaiser
10. Mechanisms and the Metaphysics of Causation Lucas Matthews and James Tabery
11. Mechanisms, Counterfactuals and Laws Stavros Ioannidis and Stathis Psillos
12. What Would Hume Say? Regularities, Laws, and Mechanisms Holly Anderson
13. Probability and Chance in Mechanisms Marshall Abrams
14. Mechanistic Levels, Reduction and Emergence Mark Povich and Carl F. Craver
15. Mechanisms and Natural Kinds Emma Tobin
Part 3: Mechanisms and the Philosophy of Science
16. Mechanistic Explanation and its Limits Marta Halina
17. Models of Mechanisms John Matthewson
18. Explaining Visually: Mechanism Diagrams Adele Abrahamsen, Benjamin Sheredos, and William Bechtel
19. Strategies for Discovering Mechanisms Lindley Darden
20. Mechanisms and Dynamical Systems David Michael Kaplan
Part 4: Disciplinary Perspectives on Mechanisms
21. Mechanisms in Physics Meinard Kuhlmann
22. Mechanisms in Evolutionary Biology Lane DesAutels
23. Mechanisms in Molecular Biology Tudor M. Baetu
24. Mechanisms and Biomedicine Brendan Clarke and Federica Russo
25. Developmental Mechanisms Alan C. Love
26. Mechanisms in Ecology Viorel Pâslaru
27. Systems Biology and Mechanistic Explanation Ingo Brigandt, Sara Green, and Maureen A. O’Malley
28. Mechanistic Explanation in Neuroscience Catherine Stinson and Jacqueline Sullivan
29. Mechanisms in Cognitive Science Carlos Zednik
30. Social Mechanisms Petri Ylikoski
31. Disaggregating Historical Explanation: The Move to Social Mechanisms Daniel Little
32. Mechanisms in Economics Caterina Marchionni
33. Computational Mechanisms Gualtiero Piccinini
34. Mechanisms and Engineering Science Dingmar van Eck.
Stuart Glennan is the Harry T. Ice Professor of Philosophy and Associate Dean of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at Butler University, USA.
Phyllis Illari is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy of Science in the Science and Technology Studies Department at University College London, UK.