1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Mega-Sporting Events and Human Rights

Edited By William Rook, Daniela Heerdt Copyright 2024
    530 Pages 12 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Mega-Sporting Events and Human Rights is the first book to explore in depth the topic of mega-sporting events (MSEs) and human rights, offering accounts of adverse human rights impacts linked to MSEs while considering the potential for promoting human rights in and through the framework of these events.

    Drawing on the contributions of an international group of leading researchers, practitioners and advocates, the book introduces key concepts in human rights and considers how they relate to ethical, social, managerial and governance issues in contemporary MSEs, from inclusion and welfare to corruption and sustainability. It examines the role of key stakeholders in the delivery of MSEs, including organising committees, sport governing bodies, governments, athletes, sponsors and broadcasters, as well as the role of activists and advocates, and presents historical and contemporary case studies of human rights as an active issue in MSEs. The book provides new perspectives on human rights as a lens for understanding modern sport and as a guiding principle for responsible sport that protects the interests of individuals and communities, as well as offering guidance on best practice.

    It is essential reading for all advanced students, researchers, practitioners, policymakers and stakeholders with an interest in organisation and delivery of MSEs, as well as general sport management, sport policy, sport governance, the ethics of sport, event management, political science, development studies, ethical business or the significance of sport in wider society.

    Chapter 28 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at http://www.taylorfrancis.com under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) 4.0 license.

    PART I

    Situating human rights and mega-sporting events

    1 Introduction

    William Rook , Daniela Heerdt and Shubham Jain

    2 The history of protesting and promoting human rights via mega-sporting events: 1960s to the present

    Paul Reef

    3 The mega-sporting events ecosystem: an overview

    David Grevemberg and Ava Bowers


    The normative framework for delivering mega-sporting events

    4 Human rights standards and mega-sporting events

    William Rook

    5 An environment, social and governance framework for mega-sporting events

    David Alfrey

    6 Assessing the e ectiveness of human rights due diligence undertaken in the context of mega-sporting events

    Rory Oake and Colleen Theron

    7 Governance and anti-corruption in mega-sporting events

    Sylvia Schenk

    8 Mega-sporting events, human rights, and sustainable development: an integrated approach

    Hans Erik Næss

    9 Framework for inclusive institutional design and regulation for mega-sporting events

    Shubham Jain

    10 Seeking remedy for a ected groups in mega-sporting event contexts

    Daniela Heerdt

    11 Mega-sporting events and human rights arbitration

    Zachary R. Calo

    12 The CAS ad hoc division for the Olympic Games

    Nikki Dryden and Shaun Star


    The mega-sporting event lifecycle

    13 Introducing human rights to the mega-sporting event lifecycle

    Lucy Amis and Alison Biscoe

    14 Human rights and event bidding: earning the right to host

    Haley St. Dennis

    15 Human rights considerations during preparation and construction for mega-sporting events

    Daniela Heerdt and Shubham Jain

    16 Games time: identifying and responding to risks during mega-sporting events

    Alison Biscoe

    17 Mega-sporting event human rights and anti-corruption legacies

    Andrew Brady Spalding


    Institutional actors in mega-sporting events

    18 The role of sports governing bodies in embedding respect for human rights into mega-sporting events

    Rachel Davis

    19 Mega-sporting event local organising committees and human rights

    Lucy Amis

    20 Governments and hosting authorities in mega-sporting events: human rights dimensions

    Guido Battaglia

    21 International sports federations, mega-sporting events, and human rights

    Martin Gibbs

    22 Mega-sporting event sponsorship and human rights

    Brent Wilton and Alison Biscoe

    23 Mega-sporting event broadcasting and human rights

    Moira Thompson Oliver

    24 Suppliers to mega-sporting events: promoting human rights through sectoral collaboration

    Julia Batho and Sarah Bekkali

    PART V

    Affected groups 

    25 Athletes’ human rights and mega-sporting events

    Walter Palmer

    26 Protecting and respecting children’s rights in mega-sporting event host cities

    Liz Twyford and Zara Grant

    27 The untapped power of gender-transformative mega-sporting events

    Thays Prado

    28 Mega-sporting events and persons with disabilities

    Amy Farkas Karageorgos , David Legg and Eli A. Wolff

    29 Mega-sporting events and the workforce

    Tim Noonan , Ambet Yuson and Sharan Burrow


    Case Studies

    30 The Centre for Sport and Human Rights

    William Rook and John Morrison

    31 Teaming up to change the game: Fostering civil society coalitions around mega-sporting events

    Andrea Florence and Apoena Mano

    32 The International Labour Organization and mega-sporting events

    Giovanni di Cola and Edmundo Werna

    33 Refreshing and reimagining the human rights framework to protect athletes’ gender rights and removing risks at mega-sporting events

    Seema Patel

    34 Private security, human rights and mega-sporting events: securing the games by tackling the risks

    Jamie Williamson , Giuseppe Scirocco and Chris Galvin

    35 Football consumers and human rights: awareness among World Cup spectators

    Marianna Pavan

    36 Esports events and human rights

    Pedro José Mercado Jaén

    37 Glasgow 2014, Scottish sport and human rights

    Grant Jarvie

    38 Human rights, police powers and mega-sporting events in Queensland, Australia: spectacle of security

    Fleur Cardell and Susan Harris Rimmer

    39 Restricting athletes’ voices: the evolution of Rule 50 and its application at Tokyo 2020 and beyond

    Mark James

    40 Qatar 2022: lessons learned, promises forgotten

    Mustafa Qadri and Deepika Thapaliya

    41 Qatar and the FIFA World Cup: refl ections on working to advance workers’ welfare and labour rights

    Hassan Al-Thawadi and Mahmoud Qutub

    42 Conclusion

    Daniela Heerdt , William Rook and Shubham Jain

    Afterword by Mary V. Harvey

    Appendix 1 Sporting Chance Principles, 2017

    Appendix 2 Statement upon the founding of the Centre for Sport and Human Rights, 8 July 2021


    William Rook is Deputy Chief Executive and Chief Operating Officer at the Centre for Sport and Human Rights, Switzerland, and a senior advisor at the Institute for Human Rights and Business, UK. He is a lawyer and business and human rights expert with experience in developing initiatives to promote responsible business conduct in emerging sectors around the world.

    Daniela Heerdt is an academic, researcher and consultant in the field of sport and human rights. With a background in international public law, she conducted her doctoral research on human rights abuses in the context of mega-sporting events, specifically on how to establish legal responsibility for these abuses.

    Shubham Jain is a doctoral candidate in law and a WM Tapp scholar at the University of Cambridge, UK. He researches, writes and lectures on the intersection of sports, governance, human rights, public law and merit.

    'Major sporting events should constitute safe and inclusive environments and experiences for athletes, fans, sponsoring organizations, and hosting communities. Achievement of these goals depends substantially upon informed collaborative efforts based upon shared understandings of the challenges posed. For those looking to understand how the organization and operation of major sports events work and where there are opportunities to bring about greater equality and justice, this book is an invaluable initial point of exploration of the issues involved and potentially corrective options.'

    Harry Edwards, Professor Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley, USA, and Organiser of the 1968 Olympic Project for Human Rights


    'Mega-Sporting Events impact communities, athletes, workers, fans, volunteers, journalists and children worldwide. Read this ground-breaking book - it’s an invaluable resource for all working to promote human rights in sports.'

    Minky Worden, Director of Global Initiatives, Human Rights Watch


    'This timely publication brings together a unique range of expertise from the worlds of sport and human rights and is a helpful primer for better understanding the social dimensions of sporting events.'

    Andreas Graf, Head of Human Rights and Anti-Discrimination, FIFA


    'This volume is the first to comprehensively chart the intersection between human rights and Mega-Sporting Events. Its combination of concrete case studies with general chapters covering different actors, processes and norms provides a very rich overview of the question and an in-depth introduction to the many challenges it raises. The book will certainly become the go-to resource for academics, practitioners and activists looking to get a better grasp of the role played by human rights in the context of MSEs.'

    Antoine Duval, Senior Researcher, Asser Institute, Netherlands