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The Routledge Handbook of Metaphysical Grounding

Edited By

Michael Raven





ISBN 9780815366492
Published April 15, 2020 by Routledge
548 Pages 12 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Some of philosophy’s biggest questions, both historically and today, are in-virtue-of questions: In virtue of what is an action right or wrong? In virtue of what am I the same person my mother bore? In virtue of what is an artwork beautiful? Philosophers attempt to answer many of these types of in-virtue-of questions, but philosophers are also increasingly focusing on what an in-virtue-of question is in the first place. Many assume, at least as a working hypothesis, that in-virtue-of questions involve a distinctively metaphysical kind of determinative explanation called “ground.” This Handbook surveys the state of the art on ground as well as its connections and applications to other topics. The central issues of ground are discussed in 37 chapters, all written exclusively for this volume by a wide range of leading experts. The chapters are organized into the following sections:

I. History

II. Explanation and Determination

III. Logic and Structure

IV. Connections

V. Applications

Introductions at the start of each section provide an overview of the section’s contents, and a list of Related Topics at the end of each chapter points readers to other germane areas throughout the volume. The resulting volume is accessible enough for advanced students and informative enough for researchers. It is essential reading for anyone hoping to get clearer on what the biggest questions of philosophy are really asking.

Table of Contents

Introduction  1. Ancient  2. Aristotelian Demonstration  3. Medieval and Modern  4. Principle of Sufficient Reason  5. Bolzano  6. Austro-German Phenomenologists  7. Dependence  8. Explanation  9. Meta-ground  10. Necessity  11. Skeptical Doubts  12. Anti-skeptical Rejoinders  13. Varieties  14. Logics  15. Granularity  16. Infinite Descent  17. Strict Partial Order  18. Puzzles  19. Analyticity  20. Cause  21. Emergence  22. Essence  23. Fundamentality  24. Modality  25. Ontology  26. Realism  27. Structure  28. Truthmaking  29. Identity  30. Laws of Metaphysics  31. Laws of Nature  32. Logic  33. Mind  34. Normativity  35. Physicalism  36. Semantics  37. Social Entities

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Editor(s)

Biography

Michael J. Raven is Associate Professor of philosophy at the University of Victoria and Affiliate Associate Professor of philosophy at the University of Washington, Co-Chief Editor of Metaphysics , and a founding member of the Canadian Metaphysics Collaborative. His research focuses on metaphysics, philosophy of language and mind, and epistemology.

Reviews

"Grounding is one of the central topics in contemporary metaphysics. This collection represents the cutting edge of work in this fast-developing area, and is a must have both for veterans of debates about grounding and philosophers wanting to explore how thinking about grounding interacts with their favourite philosophical problems."

--Daniel Nolan, University of Notre Dame