In recent years, there has been growing interest in Turkey, stemming from the country’s developing role in regional and global politics, its expanding economic strength, and its identity as a predominantly Muslim country with secular political institutions and democratic processes. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and wide-ranging profile of modern Turkey. Bringing together original contributions from leading scholars with a wide range of backgrounds, this important reference work gives a unique in-depth survey of Turkish affairs, past and present. Thematically organised sections cover:
- Turkish history from the early Ottoman period to the present
- Turkish culture
- Politics and international relations
- Social issues
- The Turkish economy and economics
Presenting diverse and often competing views on all aspects of Turkish history, politics, society, culture, geography, and economics, this handbook will be an essential reference tool for students and scholars of Middle East studies, comparative politics, and culture and society.
Table of Contents
Introduction Sabri Sayarı Part 1: History 1. Early Ottoman Period Heath W. Lowry 2. Modern Ottoman Period M. Şükrü Hanioğlu 3. The Young Turks and the Committee of Union and Progress Hasan Kayalı 4. World War I and the Establishment of the Republic Sean McMeekin 5. Ottoman Economic Legacy from the Nineteenth Century Şevket Pamuk 6. The Turkish Republic Clement H. Dodd Part 2: Culture 7. Cinema Orhan Tekelioğlu and Savaş Arslan 8. Literature Talat S. Halman 9. Fine Arts Walter B. Denny 10. Music Martin Stokes 11. Islam David Shankland 12. Architecture Zeynep Çelik 13. Television and Media Ayşe Öncü Part 3: Politics 14. Kemalism/Atatürkism Metin Heper 15. Civil-Military Relations Ali L. Karaosmanoğlu 16. Voting Behavior Ali Çarkoğlu 17. Political Culture Ersin Kalaycıoğlu 18. Political Parties Sabri Sayarı 19. Constitutions and Political System Ergun Özbudun 20. Secularism Elisabeth Özdalga 21. Religion and Politics Binnaz Toprak 22. Foreign Policy Lenore G. Martin 23. Turkey and the European Union Nathalie Tocci 24. The Kurds Andrew Mango Part 4: Society 25. Women Zehra F. Kabasakal Arat 26. Youth Ayşe Saktanber and F. Umut Beşpınar 27. Minorities Ioannis N. Grigoriadis 28. Urbanization and Urbanism Tahire Erman 29. Cities Alev Çınar Part 5: Geography 30. Environment Fikret Adaman and Murat Arsel 31. Demography and Immigration/Emigration Ahmet İçduygu Part 6: Economy 32. Political Economy H. Tolga Bölükbaşı 33. Industry Kamil Yılmaz 34. Employment, Inequality, and Poverty Erol Taymaz 35. Liberalization Bülent Gültekin
Metin Heper is Professor of Political Science at Bilkent University in Ankara and a founding and honorary member of the Turkish Academy of Sciences.
Sabri Sayarı is Professor of Political Science at Sabancı University in Istanbul.