The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics

1st Edition

Edited by L. Syd M Johnson, Karen S. Rommelfanger


510 pages

Book Content Available Open Access*
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*Open Access content has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) license

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The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. Written by 61 key scholars and fresh voices, the Handbook’s easy-to-follow chapters appear here for the first time in print and represent the wide range of viewpoints in neuroethics. The volume spotlights new technologies and historical articulations of key problems, issues, and concepts and includes cross-referencing between chapters to highlight the complex interactions of concepts and ideas within neuroethics. These features enhance the Handbook’s utility by providing readers with a contextual map for different approaches to issues and a guide to further avenues of interest.

Chapter 11 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.


"The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics is an impressive and important companion to the emerging discipline of neuroethics. The scope of the contributions to this handbook is dazzling, covering not merely well worked questions in neuroethics, but also giving us glimpses of its bright future. A judicious mix of big names and newer voices make this a volume that anyone with an interest in neuroethics will want to read."

--Neil Levy, Macquarie University and University of Oxford

"In this valuable and interdisciplinary collection, Johnson and Rommelfanger have compiled the most interesting and important writings in the emerging field of neuroethics. It explores both "the ethics of neuroscience," that is, ethical issues raised by neuroscience, and "the neuroscience of ethics," that is, the implications of neuroscience for metaethics and moral psychology. This Handbook is a must-read for anyone who wants to understand neuroethics and its potential implications for law and policy."

--Bonnie Steinbock, The University of Albany, SUNY

Table of Contents



List of Contributors


Part I. What is Neuroethics?

  1. The Competing Identities of Neuroethics: Remarks on Theoretical and Methodological Assumptions and Their Practical Implications for the Future of Neuroethics
  2. Eric Racine and Matthew Sample

  3. Neuroethics and the Neuroscientific Turn
  4. Jon Leefmann and Elisabeth Hildt

    Part II. The Ethics of Neuroscience

  5. Thinking Differently: Neurodiversity and Neural Engineering
  6. Sara Goering

  7. The Ethics of Expanding Applications of Deep Brain Stimulation
  8. Markus Christen and Sabine Müller

    4.1 Spotlight: Neuromodulation

    4.2 Spotlight: Ablation Techniques

    Markus Christen and Sabine Müller

  9. The Ethics of Prodromal and Preclinical Disease Stages
  10. Jalayne J. Arias, Jennifer Sarrett, Rosa Gonzalez, Elaine F. Walker

  11. Disorders of Consciousness and the Use of Neurotechnologies: An Ethical Perspective
  12. Orsolya Friedrich and Ralf J. Jox

  13. Placebo and Psychogenic Disorders: Ethics, Illness, and Treatment Narratives
  14. Lindsey Grubbs and Karen S. Rommelfanger

  15. Cosmetic Neurology and the Ethics of Enhancement
  16. Anjan Chatterjee

  17. Modafinil and the Increasing Lifestyle Use of Smart Drugs by Healthy People: Neuroethical and Societal Issues
  18. Sebastian Porsdam Mann and Barbara J. Sahakian

  19. Neuroenhancement and Therapy in National Defense Contexts
  20. Michael N. Tennison and Jonathan D. Moreno

  21. Moral Neuroenhancement
  22. Brian D. Earp, Thomas Douglas, and Julian Savulescu


  23. My Brain Made Me Do It?: Neuroscience and Criminal Responsibility
  24. Valerie Gray Hardcastle

  25. Your Brain on Lies: Deception Detection in Court
  26. Julie A. Seaman

    13.1 Spotlight: Lie Detection Technologies

    Valerie Gray Hardcastle

  27. Neuroprivacy and Cognitive Liberty
  28. Paul Root Wolpe

  29. Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications
  30. L. Syd M Johnson

  31. Neurohype: A Field Guide to Exaggerated Brain-Based Claims
  32. Scott O. Lilienfeld, Elizabeth Aslinger, Julia Marshall, and Sally Satel

  33. Neuroscience Online: Real Ethical Issues in Virtual Realms
  34. Ryan H. Purcell and Karen S. Rommelfanger

  35. Home Use of tDCS: From "Do-It-Yourself" to "Direct-To-Consumer"
  36. Anna Wexler and Peter B. Reiner

    Part III. The Neuroscience of Ethics

  37. Moral Reasoning
  38. John D. Banja

  39. Informing Ethical Decision Making
  40. Adam Feltz and Edward T. Cokely

  41. Brain Implants: Implications for Free Will
  42. Walter Glannon

    21.1 Spotlight: Free Will

    Walter Glannon

  43. Personal Identity and Brain Identity
  44. Georg Northoff and Nils-Frederic Wagner

    22.1 Spotlight: Mind-Body Identity: Are We Just Our Brains?

    Kimberly Van Orman

  45. Values, Empathy, and the Brain
  46. Nina L. Powell and Stuart W.G. Derbyshire


  47. Moral Robots
  48. Matthias Scheutz and Bertram F. Malle

    24.1 Spotlight: Artificial Intelligence, Consciousness, and Moral Status

    Susan Schneider

    Part IV. Expanding the Frame

  49. Neurogenderings and Neuroethics
  50. Cyd Cipolla and Kristina Gupta

  51. Neurodiversity, Neuroethics, and the Autism Spectrum
  52. Emily Y. Liu

  53. RDoC’s Special Kind of Reductionism and its Possible Impact on Clinical Psychiatry
  54. Luc Faucher and Simon Goyer

  55. Neuroethics in Context: The Development of the Discipline in Argentina
  56. Arleen Salles

  57. Neuroethics in Japan
  58. Tamami Fukushi, Taichi Isobe, Eisuke Nakazawa, Yoshiyuki Takimoto, Akira Akabayashi, Laura Specker Sullivan and Osamu Sakura

  59. The Neurobiologic Embedding of Childhood Socioeconomic Status
  60. Margaret A. Sheridan

  61. Prenatal and Neonatal Neuroethics: The Moral Significance of Painience
  62. L. Syd M Johnson

  63. Animal Minds: The Neuroethics of Nonhuman Dissent

Andrew Fenton and Adam Shriver


About the Editors

L. Syd M Johnson is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Bioethics in the departments of Humanities and Kinesiology and Integrative Physiology at Michigan Technological University. Her current research focuses on ethical and epistemological issues in disorders of consciousness and sport-related neurotrauma.

Karen S. Rommelfanger is an Assistant Professor in the departments of Neurology and Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, the Neuroethics Program Director at Emory University’s Center for Ethics, and Neuroscience Editor-in-Residence at the American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience. A neuroscientist and ethicist, her current research explores how evolving neuroscience and neurotechnologies challenge societal definitions of disease and medicine. She is a member of the Neuroethics Division of the NIH BRAIN Initiative.

About the Series

Routledge Handbooks in Applied Ethics

Applied ethics is one of the largest and most diverse fields in philosophy and is closely related to many other disciplines across the humanities, sciences and social sciences. Routledge Handbooks in Applied Ethics are state-of-the-art surveys of important and emerging topics in applied ethics, providing accessible yet thorough assessments of key fields, themes, thinkers, and recent developments in research.

All chapters for each volume are specially commissioned, and written by leading scholars in the field. Carefully edited and organized, Routledge Handbooks in Applied Ethics provide indispensable reference tools for students and researchers seeking a comprehensive overview of new and exciting topics in applied ethics and related disciplines. They are also valuable teaching resources as accompaniments to textbooks, anthologies, and research-orientated publications.


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