1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence

Edited By Andrew Fiala Copyright 2018
    418 Pages
    by Routledge

    418 Pages
    by Routledge

    Interest in pacifism—an idea with a long history in philosophical thought and in several religious traditions—is growing. The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence is the first comprehensive reference designed to introduce newcomers and researchers to the many varieties of pacifism and nonviolence, to their history and philosophy, and to pacifism’s most serious critiques. The volume offers 32 brand new chapters from the world’s leading experts across a diverse range of fields, who together provide a broad discussion of pacifism and nonviolence in connection with virtue ethics, capital punishment, animal ethics, ecology, queer theory, and feminism, among other areas. This Handbook is divided into four sections: (1) Historical and Tradition-Specific Considerations, (2) Conceptual and Moral Considerations, (3) Social and Political Considerations, and (4) Applications. It concludes with an Afterword by James Lawson, one of the icons of the nonviolent American Civil Rights movement. The text will be invaluable to scholars and students, as well as to activists and general readers interested in peace, nonviolence, and critical perspectives on war and violence.

    Notes on Contributors



              Andrew Fiala

    Part I: Historical and Tradition-Specific Considerations

    1. A History of the Idea of Pacifism and Nonviolence: Ancient to Modern

    2. Duane L. Cady

    3. Nonviolence and Pacifism in the Long Nineteenth Century

    4. Michael Allan Fox

    5. Pacifism in the Twentieth Century and Beyond

    6. Andrew Fiala

    7. Christian Pacifism

    8. Daniel A. Dombrowski

    9. Peace and Nonviolence in Islam

    10. Ramin Jahanbegloo

    11. Philosophy of Nonviolence in Africa

    12. Gail M. Presbey

    13. Nonviolence in the Dharma Traditions: Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism

    14. Veena R. Howard

    15. The Gandhi-King Tradition and Satyagraha

    16. Barry L. Gan

      Part II: Conceptual and Moral Considerations

    17. Pacifism and the Concept of Morality

    18. Robert L. Holmes

    19. Peace: Negative and Positive

    20. David Boersema

    21. The Pacifist Critique of the Just War Tradition

    22. Cheyney Ryan

    23. Contingent Pacifism

    24. Paul Morrow

    25. Humanitarian Intervention and the Problem of Genocide and Atrocity

    26. Jennifer Kling

    27. Virtue Ethics and Nonviolence

    28. David K. Chan

    29. Personal Pacifism and Conscientious Objection

    30. Eric Reitan

    31. Pacifism: Does it Make Moral Sense?

    32. Jan Narveson

    33. Pacifism as Pathology

    34. José-Antonio Orosco

      Part III: Social and Political Considerations

    35. The Triumph of the Liberal Democratic Peace and the Dangers of Its Success

    36. Fuat Gursozlu

    37. Human Rights and International Law

    38. Robert Paul Churchill

    39. Hospitality, Identity, and Cosmopolitanism: Antidotes to the Violence of Otherness

    40. Eddy M. Souffrant

    41. Warism and the Dominant Worldview

    42. Duane L. Cady

    43. The Military-Industrial Complex

    44. William Gay

    45. Feminism and Nonviolent Activism

    46. Danielle Poe

    47. Queer Oppression and Pacifism

    48. Blake Hereth

      Part IV: Applications

    49. Care Theory, Peacemaking, and Education

    50. Nel Noddings

    51. Becoming Nonviolent: Sociobiological, Neurophysiological, and Spiritual Perspectives


    Andrew Fiala is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Ethics Center at Fresno State University, USA. A former president of Concerned Philosophers for Peace, his publications include The Just War Myth (2008), Public War, Private Conscience (2010), The Bloomsbury Companion to Political Philosophy (editor, 2015), Ethics: Theory and Contemporary Issues, 9th edition (with Barbara MacKinnon, 2017), and Transformative Pacifism (forthcoming).

    "This groundbreaking collection of essays is more than simply a ‘handbook.’ These essays are models of rigor and clarity, presenting a sophisticated defense of pacifist thought while offering a compelling vision of a peaceful and just world. Taken together, these essays demonstrate that pacifism is more than a noble and idealist dream, more than an ethics of war, but a practical and conceptually well-grounded basis for a philosophy of life."

    --Charles Brown, Emporia State University


    "To my knowledge, The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence is a more ambitious and comprehensive book than any other collection of writings on pacifism and nonviolence ever published. Written by scholars and activists with knowledge and passion, and carefully edited by Andrew Fiala, this book will be our standard reference on pacifism and nonviolence for decades to come."

    --Predrag Cicovacki, College of the Holy Cross


    "This Handbook brings together invaluable and wide-ranging perspectives on pacifism and nonviolence, thereby enabling further creative interaction and useful integration of those perspectives. It is really impossible to think how it could be better."

    --James P. Sterba, University of Notre Dame