The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence

1st Edition

Edited by Andrew Fiala


402 pages

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pub: 2018-02-21
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Interest in pacifism—an idea with a long history in philosophical thought and in several religious traditions—is growing. The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence is the first comprehensive reference designed to introduce newcomers and researchers to the many varieties of pacifism and nonviolence, to their history and philosophy, and to pacifism’s most serious critiques. The volume offers 32 brand new chapters from the world’s leading experts across a diverse range of fields, who together provide a broad discussion of pacifism and nonviolence in connection with virtue ethics, capital punishment, animal ethics, ecology, queer theory, and feminism, among other areas. This Handbook is divided into four sections: (1) Historical and Tradition-Specific Considerations, (2) Conceptual and Moral Considerations, (3) Social and Political Considerations, and (4) Applications. It concludes with an Afterword by James Lawson, one of the icons of the nonviolent American Civil Rights movement. The text will be invaluable to scholars and students, as well as to activists and general readers interested in peace, nonviolence, and critical perspectives on war and violence.


"This groundbreaking collection of essays is more than simply a ‘handbook.’ These essays are models of rigor and clarity, presenting a sophisticated defense of pacifist thought while offering a compelling vision of a peaceful and just world. Taken together, these essays demonstrate that pacifism is morethan a noble and idealist dream, more than an ethics of war, but a practical and conceptually well-grounded basis for a philosophy of life."

--Charles Brown, Emporia State University

"To my knowledge, The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence is a more ambitious and comprehensive book than any other collection of writings on pacifism and nonviolence ever published. Written by scholars and activists with knowledge and passion, and carefully edited by Andrew Fiala, this book will be our standard reference on pacifism and nonviolence for decades to come."

--Predrag Cicovacki, College of the Holy Cross

"This Handbook brings together invaluable and wide-ranging perspectives on pacifism and nonviolence, thereby enabling further creative interaction and useful integration of those perspectives. It is really impossible to think how it could be better."

--James P. Sterba, University of Notre Dame

Table of Contents

Notes on Contributors



Andrew Fiala

Part I: Historical and Tradition-Specific Considerations

  1. A History of the Idea of Pacifism and Nonviolence: Ancient to Modern
  2. Duane L. Cady

  3. Nonviolence and Pacifism in the Long Nineteenth Century
  4. Michael Allan Fox

  5. Pacifism in the Twentieth Century and Beyond
  6. Andrew Fiala

  7. Christian Pacifism
  8. Daniel A. Dombrowski

  9. Peace and Nonviolence in Islam
  10. Ramin Jahanbegloo

  11. Philosophy of Nonviolence in Africa
  12. Gail M. Presbey

  13. Nonviolence in the Dharma Traditions: Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism
  14. Veena R. Howard

  15. The Gandhi-King Tradition and Satyagraha
  16. Barry L. Gan

    Part II: Conceptual and Moral Considerations

  17. Pacifism and the Concept of Morality
  18. Robert L. Holmes

  19. Peace: Negative and Positive
  20. David Boersema

  21. The Pacifist Critique of the Just War Tradition
  22. Cheyney Ryan

  23. Contingent Pacifism
  24. Paul Morrow

  25. Humanitarian Intervention and the Problem of Genocide and Atrocity
  26. Jennifer Kling

  27. Virtue Ethics and Nonviolence
  28. David K. Chan

  29. Personal Pacifism and Conscientious Objection
  30. Eric Reitan

  31. Pacifism: Does it Make Moral Sense?
  32. Jan Narveson

  33. Pacifism as Pathology
  34. José-Antonio Orosco

    Part III: Social and Political Considerations

  35. The Triumph of the Liberal Democratic Peace and the Dangers of Its Success
  36. Fuat Gursozlu

  37. Human Rights and International Law
  38. Robert Paul Churchill

  39. Hospitality, Identity, and Cosmopolitanism: Antidotes to the Violence of Otherness
  40. Eddy M. Souffrant

  41. Warism and the Dominant Worldview
  42. Duane L. Cady

  43. The Military-Industrial Complex
  44. William Gay

  45. Feminism and Nonviolent Activism
  46. Danielle Poe

  47. Queer Oppression and Pacifism
  48. Blake Hereth

    Part IV: Applications

  49. Care Theory, Peacemaking, and Education
  50. Nel Noddings

  51. Becoming Nonviolent: Sociobiological, Neurophysiological, and Spiritual Perspectives
  52. Andrew Fitz-Gibbon

  53. The Death Penalty and Nonviolence: Justice Beyond Empathy
  54. Lloyd Steffen

  55. Ecology and Pacifism
  56. Mark Woods

  57. Animals, Vegetarianism, and Nonviolence
  58. Christopher Chapple

  59. Children, Violence, and Nonviolence
  60. Jane Hall Fitz-Gibbon

  61. Peace Pedagogy from the Borderlines

Renee Bricker, Yi Deng, Donna A. Gessell, and Michael Proulx

Afterword: Nonviolence and the Non-Existent Country

James M. Lawson, Jr.

About the Editor

Andrew Fiala is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Ethics Center at Fresno State University, USA. A former president of Concerned Philosophers for Peace, his publications include The Just War Myth (2008), Public War, Private Conscience (2010), The Bloomsbury Companion to Political Philosophy (editor, 2015), Ethics: Theory and Contemporary Issues, 9th edition (with Barbara MacKinnon, 2017), and Transformative Pacifism (forthcoming).

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