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The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence





ISBN 9781138194663
Published February 21, 2018 by Routledge
418 Pages

 
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Book Description

Interest in pacifism—an idea with a long history in philosophical thought and in several religious traditions—is growing. The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence is the first comprehensive reference designed to introduce newcomers and researchers to the many varieties of pacifism and nonviolence, to their history and philosophy, and to pacifism’s most serious critiques. The volume offers 32 brand new chapters from the world’s leading experts across a diverse range of fields, who together provide a broad discussion of pacifism and nonviolence in connection with virtue ethics, capital punishment, animal ethics, ecology, queer theory, and feminism, among other areas. This Handbook is divided into four sections: (1) Historical and Tradition-Specific Considerations, (2) Conceptual and Moral Considerations, (3) Social and Political Considerations, and (4) Applications. It concludes with an Afterword by James Lawson, one of the icons of the nonviolent American Civil Rights movement. The text will be invaluable to scholars and students, as well as to activists and general readers interested in peace, nonviolence, and critical perspectives on war and violence.

Table of Contents

Notes on Contributors





Acknowledgements





Introduction



          Andrew Fiala





Part I: Historical and Tradition-Specific Considerations









  1. A History of the Idea of Pacifism and Nonviolence: Ancient to Modern




  2. Duane L. Cady





  3. Nonviolence and Pacifism in the Long Nineteenth Century




  4. Michael Allan Fox





  5. Pacifism in the Twentieth Century and Beyond




  6. Andrew Fiala





  7. Christian Pacifism




  8. Daniel A. Dombrowski





  9. Peace and Nonviolence in Islam




  10. Ramin Jahanbegloo





  11. Philosophy of Nonviolence in Africa




  12. Gail M. Presbey





  13. Nonviolence in the Dharma Traditions: Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism




  14. Veena R. Howard





  15. The Gandhi-King Tradition and Satyagraha




  16. Barry L. Gan





    Part II: Conceptual and Moral Considerations







  17. Pacifism and the Concept of Morality




  18. Robert L. Holmes





  19. Peace: Negative and Positive




  20. David Boersema





  21. The Pacifist Critique of the Just War Tradition




  22. Cheyney Ryan





  23. Contingent Pacifism




  24. Paul Morrow





  25. Humanitarian Intervention and the Problem of Genocide and Atrocity




  26. Jennifer Kling





  27. Virtue Ethics and Nonviolence




  28. David K. Chan





  29. Personal Pacifism and Conscientious Objection




  30. Eric Reitan





  31. Pacifism: Does it Make Moral Sense?




  32. Jan Narveson





  33. Pacifism as Pathology




  34. José-Antonio Orosco





    Part III: Social and Political Considerations







  35. The Triumph of the Liberal Democratic Peace and the Dangers of Its Success




  36. Fuat Gursozlu





  37. Human Rights and International Law




  38. Robert Paul Churchill





  39. Hospitality, Identity, and Cosmopolitanism: Antidotes to the Violence of Otherness




  40. Eddy M. Souffrant





  41. Warism and the Dominant Worldview




  42. Duane L. Cady





  43. The Military-Industrial Complex




  44. William Gay





  45. Feminism and Nonviolent Activism




  46. Danielle Poe





  47. Queer Oppression and Pacifism




  48. Blake Hereth





    Part IV: Applications







  49. Care Theory, Peacemaking, and Education




  50. Nel Noddings





  51. Becoming Nonviolent: Sociobiological, Neurophysiological, and Spiritual Perspectives


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Editor(s)

Biography

Andrew Fiala is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Ethics Center at Fresno State University, USA. A former president of Concerned Philosophers for Peace, his publications include The Just War Myth (2008), Public War, Private Conscience (2010), The Bloomsbury Companion to Political Philosophy (editor, 2015), Ethics: Theory and Contemporary Issues, 9th edition (with Barbara MacKinnon, 2017), and Transformative Pacifism (forthcoming).