The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Relativism  book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Relativism

Edited By

Martin Kusch

ISBN 9781138484283
Published December 5, 2019 by Routledge
598 Pages

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Book Description

Relativism can be found in all philosophical traditions and subfields of philosophy. It is also a central idea in the social sciences, the humanities, religion and politics. This is the first volume to map relativistic motifs in all areas of philosophy, synchronically and diachronically. It thereby provides essential intellectual tools for thinking about contemporary issues like cultural diversity, the plurality of the sciences, or the scope of moral values.

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Relativism is an outstanding major reference source on this fundamental topic. The 57 chapters by a team of international contributors are divided into nine parts:

  • Relativism in non-Western philosophical traditions
  • Relativism in Western philosophical traditions
  • Relativism in ethics
  • Relativism in political and legal philosophy
  • Relativism in epistemology
  • Relativism in metaphysics
  • Relativism in philosophy of science
  • Relativism in philosophy of language and mind
  • Relativism in other areas of philosophy.

Essential reading for students and researchers in all branches of philosophy, this handbook will also be of interest to those in related subjects such as politics, religion, sociology, cultural studies and literature.

Table of Contents

Introduction: A Primer on Relativism Martin Kusch

Part 1: Relativism in Non-Western Philosophical Traditions

1. Relativism in the Indian Tradition: Examining the Viewpoints (Dṛṣṭis) Sthaneshwar Timalsina

2. Relativism in the Islamic Traditions Nader El-Bizri

3. African Philosophy Anke Graness

Part 2: Relativism in Western Philosophical Traditions

4. Relativism in Ancient Greek Philosophy Tamer Nawar

5. Medieval Philosophy John Marenbon

6. Relativism in Early Modern Philosophy Martin Lenz

7. Relativism in German Idealism, Historicism and Neo-Kantianism Katherina Kinzel

8. Nietzsche and Relativism Jessica N. Berry

9. Marx and Marxism Lawrence Dallman and Brian Leiter

10. The Many Faces of Anti-Relativism in Phenomenology Sonja Rinofner-Kreidl

11. History, Dialogue, and Feeling: Perspectives on Hermeneutic Relativism Kristin Gjesdal

12. Relativism in the Context of National Socialism Johannes Steizinger

13. Relativism and Pragmatism Anna Boncompagni

14. Relativism and Poststructuralism Gerald Posselt and Sergej Seitz

Part 3: Relativism in Ethics

15. Moral Ambivalence David B. Wong

16. Moral Relativism and Moral Disagreement Alexandra Plakias

17. Moral Relativism Peter Seipel

18. Relativism and Moralism John Christian Laursen and Victor Morales

19. Incommensurability, Cultural Relativism, and the Fundamental Presuppositions of Morality Mark R. Reiff

20. Evolutionary Debunking and Moral Relativism Daniel Z. Korman and Dustin Locke

21. Motivating Reasons Christoph Hanisch

Part 4: Relativism in Political and Legal Philosophy

22. Relativism and Liberalism Matthew J. Moore

23. Relativism and Radical Conservatism Timo Pankakoski and Jussi Backman

24. Communitarianism Henry Tam

25. Multiculturalism George Crowder and Geoffrey Brahm Levey

26. Critical Theory and the Challenge of Relativism Espen Hammer

27. Relativism in Feminist Political Theory Charlotte Knowles

28. Relativism and Race Esa Díaz-León

29. Relativism in the Philosophy of Law Torben Spaack

Part 5: Epistemic Relativism

30. Self-Refutation Stephen Hales

31. Epistemic Relativism and Epistemic Internalism Duncan Pritchard

32. Relativism and Externalism Adam J. Carter and Robin McKenna

33. Epistemic Relativism and Pragmatic Encroachment Brian Kim

34. Relativism and Hinge Epistemology Annalisa Coliva

35. Relativising Epistemic Advantage Natalie Ashton

Part 6: Relativism in Metaphysics

36. Ontological Relativity David J. Stump

37. Quantifier Variance Eli Hirsch and Jared Warren

38. Metaphysical Anti-Realism Vera Flocke

39. Ontological Relativism and the Status of Ontological Disputes Delia Belleri

Part 7: Relativism in the Philosophy of Science

40. The Relativistic Legacy of Kuhn and Feyerabend Howard Sankey

41. Relativism and Antinomianism David Bloor

42. Relativism, Perspectivism and Pluralism Hasok Chang

43. Relativism and Scientific Realism and Relativism Stathis Psillos and Jamie Shaw

44. Philosophy of the Social Sciences Stephen Turner

45. Relativism in the Philosophy of Anthropology Inkeri Koskinen

46. Relativism in Logic and Mathematics Florian Steinberger

47. Logic and the Psychology of Reasoning Caterina Dutilh Novaes

Part 8: Relativism and the Philosophy of Language and Mind

48. Conceptual Schemes Drew Khlentzos

49. Semantics and Metaphysics of Truth Manuel García-Carpintero

50. Assessment Relativism Filippo Ferrari

51. Faultless Disagreement Dan Zeman

52. Relativism and Perspectival Content Max Kölbel

53. The Case against Semantic Relativism Teresa Marques

54. De se Relativism Andy Egan and Dirk Kindermann

55. Relativism and Expressivism Bob Beddor

Part 9: Relativism in other Areas of Philosophy

56. Relativism in the Philosophy of Religion Paul O’Grady

57. Relativism and Experimental Philosophy Stephen Stich, David Rose, Edouard Machery.


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Martin Kusch is professor of philosophy at the University of Vienna, Austria. He was the principal investigator of an ERC Advanced Grant project "The Emergence of Relativism" (2014-2019), and he is co-editor of The Emergence of Relativism, also published by Routledge (2019).