1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Planning Megacities in the Global South

Edited By

Deden Rukmana

ISBN 9780367223724
Published June 15, 2020 by Routledge
450 Pages 74 B/W Illustrations

USD $250.00

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Book Description

Cities are now home to 55% of the world’s population, and that number is rising. Urban populations across the world will continue to grow, including in megacities with populations over ten million. In 2016 there were 31 megacities globally, according to the United Nations’ World Cities Report, with 24 of those cities located in the Global South. That number is expected to rise to 41 by 2030, with all ten new megacities in the Global South where the processes of urbanization are intrinsically distinct from those in the Global North.

The Routledge Handbook of Planning Megacities in the Global South provides rigorous comparative analyses, discussing the challenges, processes, best practices, and initiatives of urbanization in Middle America, South America, the Middle East, Africa, South Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia. This book is indispensable reading for students and scholars of urban planning, and its significance as a resource will only continue to grow as urbanization reshapes the global population.

Table of Contents


Deden Rukmana

Part I – Managing the urban growth

  1. The third wave of sprawl: the dynamics of peripheral growth in Buenos Aires
  2. Nora Libertun de Duren

  3. Development of the Ho Chi Minh City megaregion in historical context: Doi Moi, planning and real estate
  4. Thanh B. Nguyen, James H. Spencer and Tuan N. Pham

  5. Planning Chongqing: between rural and urban
  6. Asa Roast

  7. A political-economic analysis of urban growth in Lahore
  8. Nasir Javed

  9. Simulation and modelling the urban dynamics in Bangalore
  10. T.V. Ramachandra, H.A. Bharath, S. Vinay, and M.C. Chandan

    Part II – Shaping the future: the legacy of spatial planning and master plans

  11. Strategic planning and the challenges of spatial transformation in Johannesburg
  12. Philip Harrison and Alison Todes

  13. Spatial planning and development strategies in Dar es Salaam
  14. Philip Omunga

  15. Visioning urban growth in Chengdu: negotiation between local and central government
  16. Yiping Fang and Zhenming Wu

  17. Revisioning the sustainable megacity: the case of Wuhan
  18. Dan Zhu and Michael Kung

    Part III – Connecting the places: transportation and infrastructure challenges and strategies

  19. Transportion planning and development in Bogotá: balancing the urgent and the strategic
  20. Daniel Oviedo and Luis Guzman

  21. Dynamics of commuting patterns during the period of rapid social transition in Beijing
  22. Yunlei Qi and Tieshan Sun

  23. Spatial transformation and debates on urban democracy: the case of Minhocão elevated highway, São Paulo
  24. Laura Belik

    Part IV – Confronting urban dualism in housing provision

  25. Contradictions between global spaces and informal marginal settlements: the case of Kolkata
  26. Siddhartha Sen and Sudeshna Ghosh

  27. Megacities and slums: learning from Delhi’s experience
  28. Susmita Rishi and Shruti Syal

  29. Political and administrative constraints to housing provision in Karachi
  30. Faisal Shaheen

    Part V – Planning for resilience

  31. Two decades of planning for earthquake resilience in Istanbul
  32. Ayşın Dedekorkut-Howes, Deniz Ay, Başak Demireş-Özkul

  33. Urban resilience and sustainable development trajectories: Insights from Dhaka
  34. Saleh Ahmed

  35. Climate adaptation policy development in the context of climate change and urbanization in Bangkok
  36. Nurrohman Wijaya

  37. Master plan of the sponge city construction in Shenzhen
  38. Jian Liu, Na Li, and Lu Yu

    Part VI – Democratizing planning processes

  39. Dreaming the rational planning: participatory planning practices in São Paulo
  40. Nilton Ricoy Torres

  41. The emergence of participatory budgeting in Mexico City
  42. Steven Schmidt and Jason C. Mueller

  43. Institutional continuity and change: development control and regulatory detailed plan amendments in Beijing
  44. Lei Zhang

  45. Participatory governance in mitigating annual floods in Jakarta
  46. Deden Rukmana and Galuh Syahbana Indraprahasta

    Part VII – Planning megacities in the Global South: challenges, reconfigurations and initiatives

  47. Challenges in managing urban growth: the case of Cairo
  48. Amal K. Ali

  49. Planning reconfigurations in a mega-event context: the case of Rio de Janeiro
  50. Abigail Friendly

  51. Planning initiatives and best practices in Ahmedabad
  52. Jay Mittal and Sweta Byahut

  53. Community governance in China’s land expropriation-induced resettlement neighborhoods: the case of Shanghai
  54. Shuping Zhang and Zhu Qian

  55. Urban Planning Practices in Lagos
  56. Ismaila Rimi Abubakar, Taibat O. Lawanson and Abubakar S. Usman

  57. Modernity and colonization in an African megacity: the case of Luanda

Ana Vaz Milheiro

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Deden Rukmana is Professor and Chair of the Department of Community and Regional Planning at Alabama A&M University. He received a PhD degree in Urban and Regional Planning from Florida State University and completed Master’s degrees at the University of Southern California and Bandung Institute of Technology. His research centers on health disparities, homelessness, and poverty in the US, and spatial planning, housing, and development challenges in Indonesia. His work appears in journals such as International Planning Studies and Planning, Practice & Research. He also served as Co-Chair of the Global Planning Educators Interest Group of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (2015–2017).


"This handbook is a timely and significant contribution to understanding the current global urban transition. The world now has almost 4 billion urban residents, and current projections suggest that over the next 30-50 years that will double to about 8 billion. Almost all urban growth for the rest of this century is expected to occur in the global south, where processes of urbanization are fundamentally different and much faster than those in the global north. Anyone who is interested in the current urbanization processes transforming the globe should read this book."

—André Sorensen, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Toronto

"Megacities have become the determining factor of life in development of the Global South. The Routledge Handbook of Planning Megacities in the Global South provides the most comprehensive assessment available, planning drawing upon research by scholars working on 27 megacities. It is an essential resource for scholars and students."

—Christopher Silver, FAICP, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Florida

"This Routledge Handbook provides an impressively wide coverage of mega cities in the Global South. These 29 in-depth cases provide not only the grounded knowledge but also new insights on the challenges to growth management, housing provision, and resilience planning. This is a remarkable reference book for researchers in urban studies and planning."

—Fulong Wu, Bartlett Professor of Planning, University College London

"Understanding the dynamics propelling megacity-region growth and change seems urgent in this era of uncertainty. Deden Rukmana has edited a timely and useful volume, which highlights planning’s varied roles in megacities and governance, drawing from a novel set of established and emerging scholars from Global North and South institutions."

—Lois M. Takahashi, Houston Flournoy Professor of State Government, University of Southern California

"The Routledge Handbook of Planning Megacities in the Global South is an excellent collection of case studies by established and emerging scholars of urban studies, planning, and development from around the world. In the context of the upcoming urban transition in the Global South, it addresses a major gap by making scholarship on less researched megacities accessible in one volume."

—Vinit Mukhija, Professor and Chair, Department of Urban Planning, UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs

"The book fills a gap in the literature by exploring planning challenges and responses in a range of mega-cities (twenty-seven) across three southern continents, authored primarily by scholars from these regions. It contributes to a growing scholarship from a southern perspective and will be a hugely valuable resource for planners and urbanists."

—Vanessa Watson, Professor, School of Architecture, Planning and Geomatics, University of Cape Town