1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Political Communication in Ibero-America

    480 Pages 17 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Political Communication in Ibero-America addresses the relationship between communication, politics and digital technologies in Latin American and the Iberian Peninsula, a geographical space linked by social, cultural and linguistic aspects.

    In recent years, digital media have been central in the dialogue established by political parties, institutions, the media and citizens. In this hybrid space emerged certain phenomena that are of interest, particularly in the Ibero-American landscape, including disinformation and fake news, protests on social media, the organization of social movements, the relationship between the press and the state, political participation, populism, the role played by emotions and memes, the impact of AI and platformization on politics, and topics of debate in the public sphere. This Handbook is structured into nine parts, beginning with a historical contextualization and then exploring central aspects of the discipline. It then goes on to study trends at the regional level, increasing knowledge about how political communication and digital technologies are changing multiple aspects of Ibero-American societies, where political communication plays a fundamental role – especially in electoral processes, with its consequent effects on democracy.

    This Handbook will be of interest to academics, students and professionals in the fields of political science, communication, journalism, advertising, marketing, and sociology, as well as public opinion consulting. It will be of particular interest to undergraduate and postgraduate students from Latin America, Portugal and Spain.

    0. Introduction: a multipolar and de-Westernized vision of political communication in the digital age

    Andreu Casero-Ripollés and Paulo Carlos López-López


    Part I: The core elements of political communication 

    1. Political Communication in Latin America

    Omar Rincón and Catalina Uribe-Rincón

    2. Media systems in Latin America        

    Daniel Hallin and Martín Echeverría

    3. The Latin American political discourse          

    Adriana Bolívar and Elena Block

    4. Agenda Setting Studies in Iberian and Latin America  

    Esteban Zunino and  Natalia Aruguete.


    Part II: Polarization, populism and hate speech         

    5. Populism, Media, Journalism and Political Communication in Latin America          

    Philip Kitzberger

    6. Pop Politics Beyond Populism: Popular Culture as Political Communication

    Adriana Amado

    7. Affective Polarization in Latin America         

    Hernando Rojas and Diego A. Mazorra

    8. Patterns of dissemination of expressions of hate and polarization in Ibero-America          

    Elías Said-Hung, Sergio Arce-García and Julio Montero-Díaz


    Part III: Political participation, activism and social movements         

    9. Social Movements, Democracy and Political Communication in Latin America          

    Maximiliano Martin-Vicente and Caroline Kraus-Luvizotto

    10. Digital feminist activism in Latin America: connected crowds and hackfeminism  

    Guiomar Rovira-Sancho

    11. Political Participation and Technology: Continuities and discontinuities in Southern Cone and Brazil     

    Marcelo Santos and Sebastián Valenzuela

    12. Indigenism and Sumak Kawsay in digital media. Coverage of the Political Agenda Setting in Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia    

    Ángel Torres-Toukoumidis,  Héctor Hurtado Groscoors and Tatiana León-Alberca


    Part IV: Digitalization of political communication      

    13. The behaviour of digital communities in Ibero-American democracies           

    Paulo Carlos López-López and Andrea Mila-Maldonado

    14. A reflection about artificial intelligence and algorithms in political communication. Instruments at the service of parties?     

    Patricia Sánchez-Holgado,  David Blanco-Herrero and Carlos Arcila-Calderón

    15. Platformization: State of the Art and Challenges for Political Communication in Latin America

    Gabriela E. Sued and Ronald Saenz L.

    16. Role of memes and political image in political communication in Latin America          

    Viktor Chagas and Luiza de Mello Stefano


    Part V: Elections and campaigns in a context of change         

    17. New tools, changes, and situations of the communication management of electoral campaigns in Latin America    

    Antoni Gutiérrez-Rubi

    18. Electoral desinformation and fact-checking in the Iberian Peninsula and Latin America  

    José Rúas-Araújo, Luis Cárcamo-Ulloa and Anabela Gradim-Alves.

    19. Election Campaigns and Election Debates in Ibero-America: from Television to Second Screens

    Julia Fontenla-Pedreira, Iván Puentes-Rivera and Carmen Maiz-Bar

    20. Government communication: Basic Principles and Their Application to Practical Cases

    Antonio Castillo-Esparcia


    Part VI: Regional study of Political Communication in Latin America           

    21. Political communication studies over the last two decades: a view from the International Center of Advanced Communication Studies for Latin America, Ciespal         

    Mauro Cerbino and Gissela Dávila

    22. Latinobarometro, an instrument of regional development.     

    Marta Lagos


    Part VII: Political Communication in South America

    23. Political Communication and Technologies in Brazil: beyond Bolsonaro.            

    Camilla Quesada-Tavares, Michele Goulart-Massuchin and Alfonso de-Albuquerque

    24. Political communication in Argentine and social media (2010-2021). Personalism, personalization and political Internet users.

    Ana Slimovich

    25. Political communication in Peru: between the crisis of the parties, political instability, and the central role of media and networks   

    Sandro Macassi

    26. Political communication mediated by digital media: Misinformation and its impact on politics in Chile.   

    Andrés Rosenberg and William Porath

    27. Ecuador: between the digital impulse and the return of traditional powers.            

    Palmira Chavero and Isabel Ramos

    28, Political communication in Uruguay. Strong state, strong parties, stable traditional media, and weak polarization in social media

    Ivan Schuliaquer and Federico Beltramelli


    Part VIII: Political Communication in Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean      

    29. Populism and Social Media Campaigning in Central America.           

    María-Fernanda Salas, Erica Guevara and Ignacio Siles

    30. El Salvador: Nayib Bukele, the Twitter president. A failed policy?     

    Albertina Navas and Amparo Marroquín

    31. The evolution of political communication in Mexico: From a delayed beginning to the consolidation of cyberspace

    Daniel Javier de la Garza Montemayor and Xunaxhi Monserrat Pineda Rasgado

    32. Political communication and institutionality in Cuba 

    Aimiris Sosa Valcarcel and Andrea Leticia Quintana Pujalte

    33. Political communication in 21st century Venezuela: from Chavismo to Madurismo      

    Fernando Casado and Rebeca Sánchez

    34. Artificial Intelligence, Technology and Political Communication in Colombia         

    Daniel Barredo Ibáñez, Farrah Bérubé and Úrsula Freundt-Thurne



    Part IX: Political Communication in Iberian Peninsula         

    35. Digital electoral campaigns in Spain over thirty years: information, unidirectionality and professionalized personalization    

    Andreu Casero-Ripollés and Laura Alonso-Muñoz

    36. Electoral Campaigns in Portugal: Transitioning from the Analog to the Digital Realm

    Helder Prior and Miguel Andrade

    37. Lying on social media. Disinformation strategies of Iberian populist radical right     

    Concha Pérez-Curiel and Joao-Pedro Baptista



    Andreu Casero-Ripollés is Full Professor of Journalism and Political Communication at Universitat Jaume I de Castelló, Spain. He has been Dean of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences and director of the Department of Communication Sciences. He is president of the Spanish Society of Journalism (SEP). He has been included by Stanford University within the 2% of the most cited scientists in the world in Scopus for his discipline.

    Paulo Carlos López-López is Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science and Sociology at Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain. His lines of research are political communication, political behavior and emotions in social media.