1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Poverty in the Global South

    724 Pages 64 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge India

    724 Pages 64 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge India

    This handbook initiates fresh debates on poverty and its impact in a constantly changing Global South society. It studies the concept, theories, and causes of poverty, as well as the design and delivery of social welfare policies related to specific groups, such as women, children, and the elderly. The chapters are theoretical, evidence-based, and empirical in nature and bring together a holistic understanding of social problems and issues in developing countries. The volume brings together researchers, educators, and practitioners from across the globe to develop a hands-on reference work that will be requisite for several social science disciplines concerned with poverty and the welfare of poor people.

    The first of its kind, the handbook will be indispensable for scholars and researchers of development studies, economics, social work, political studies, poverty studies, population and demographic studies, sociology, social anthropology, public policy, and political economy, especially those concerned with the Global South.

    List of Figures x

    List of Tables xiii

    List of Contributors xvii

    Foreword xxii

    Acknowledgements xxv

    Introduction: Producing Poor and Naming Them – Globalization and Neoliberalism in the Global South 1

    Rajendra Baikady, John Gal, and Gao Jianguo

    PART I

    Theorizing Poverty – Global South Societies in Transition 9

    1Poverty-Free Fantasy: Aid Agencies, Neocolonialism, and Neoliberalism in Nepal 11

    Raj Yadav

    2 Tabulating Global Literacy: Trends in Global, Continental, Regional, and National Literacy Rates between 2000 and 2020 32

    Jeffrey Meyer

    3 Social Policy, Public Housing and Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria 48

    Ibrahim Rotimi Aliu

    4 Impact of Globalization on Poverty in India: Cross-Country Comparative Analysis with China and Indonesia 74

    S. Dhanya

    5 Limits to Public Policy Pursuits on Poverty in India: Limited Conceptualization 96

    M. H. Suryanarayana


    Poverty and Marginalization in the Emerging Global South Countries 117

    6 Reducing Poverty Requires Investing in Early Childhood Education in the Least Developed Countries 119

    Colleen Loomis and Abdeljalil Akkari

    7 Inequality: The Fundamental Bane of Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria 139

    Rasaki Stephen Dauda

    8 Poverty and Elderly’s Health 159

    Saidatulakmal Mohd, Abdelhak Senadjki, and Abdul Rais Abdul Latiff

    9 Poverty among Rural Older People in Zambia 182

    Fred Moonga

    10 Poverty and Social Protection for Old Age in the 21st Century: Reversing Pension Privatization in Latin America 200

    Nelson Dionel Cardozo and Pablo Alberto Bulcourf

    11 Gender Identity and Socio-economic Status: Khawaja Sara Perspectives, Issues, and Challenges in Pakistan 228

    Sakina Riaz


    Welfare of the Margin – Issues, Challenges, and Concerns 257

    12 Trouncing Poverty through Women’s Empowerment in India: A Case of Kerala’s Kudumbashree Mission 259

    Preetha Menon, Sojin P. Varghese, and K. Minimol

    13 Poverty and Sex Work Migration in Edo State, Nigeria 273

    C. Prince Agwu

    14 Organized Crime and Penury in Pakistan: The Hybrid Exploitation of the Poor and Powerless 284

    Mark Briskey

    15 Poverty and Microfinance 302

    Tajul Ariffin Masron and Yogeeswari Subramaniam

    16 Poverty and Access to Land in Rural Ethiopia 322

    Kassie Dessie and M. K. Jayamohan

    17 Reflections on Income Inequality and Poverty Trends in Nigeria 345

    Clement Ebizimor Deinne

    18 Poverty and Child Labour Nexus: An Indian Perspective 370

    Bishnu Mohan Dash and Mitu Dash

    19 Exploring the Factors Affecting Child Poverty and Well-Being in Developed and Developing Countries: A Critical Review of Evidences 381

    Almudena Moreno Mínguez

    20 Race and Risk: Poverty in an Urban Setting 400

    Elena Delavega and Gregory Miles Blumenthal

    21 Just Going Nowhere: How Post-Agricultural Entrepreneurship and Leadership Training for Young People in Cassava Farming Village Fails 409

    Christopher Arteria-Bach and Meredian Alam


    Politics of Poverty – Measuring and Naming the Poor in the Global South Societies 425

    22 Impact of Neoliberalism on the Right to Food: A Comparative Analysis between India and China 427

    Sakshi Walia

    23 Ensuring Food Security: A Case for Developing Countries 449

    Yogeeswari Subramaniam and Nanthakumar Loganathan

    24 Methods of Assessing Poverty in Bangladesh: A Comprehensive Overview 480

    Isahaque Ali, Azlinda Azman, Paramjit Singh Jamir Singh, and Syazwani Drani

    25 Being Poor, Female, and First-Year at a South African University: Vulnerabilities to Gender-Based Violence 490

    Sibonile Kabaya and Shakila Singh

    26 Saving New Lives in Remote Areas of Indonesia: Social Capital and the Use of Dukun Beranak’s Service (Traditional Birth Attendants) in Indonesia 506

    Meredian Alam, Peta Puspita Dewi, and Khadizah Abdul-Mumin

    27 Poverty, Inequality, and Politics of Marginality in India: State and Civil Society’s Affirmative Action 527

    Sujit Lahiry

    28 Multidimensional Poverty Index of the Districts of Gujarat 555

    Nasheman Bandookwala and Manjula Dabhi

    PART V

    Rethinking Economic Development in the Global South 585

    29 Strategic Errors, Underdevelopment, and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa 587

    Ayten Çeter, Israel Nyaburi Nyadera, and Md. Nazmul Islam

    30 Forced Displacement and the Financialization of the Poor 600

    Gloria C. Pérez-Rivera

    31 Urban Poor in Neoliberal City-Spaces: Negotiating Marginalities and Everyday Struggle in the Peri-Urban Delhi 617

    Sanchari Mukhopadhyay

    32 The Challenges of Social Safety Nets for Poverty Reduction: The Case of Bangladesh 634

    Isahaque Ali, Azlinda Azman, Paramjit Singh Jamir Singh, and Syazwani Drani

    33 Individualization of Distress: Farmers’ Suicide in India 654

    Shilajit Sengupta

    Index 673


    Rajendra Baikady is Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Work, Central University of Kerala, India, and Founding Editor in Chief of Discover Global Society, an international journal.

    John Gal is Professor in the Paul Baerwald School of Social Work and Social Welfare, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.

    Varoshini Nadesan is Lecturer in the Department of Social Work, Auckland Park campus, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.

    Sajid S.M. is Professor at Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi, India.

    Gao Jianguo is Professor in the Department of Social Work, School of Philosophy and Social Development Shandong University, China.