This Handbook breaks new ground by addressing global security through the lens of religion and examining the role religion plays in both war and peace.
In recent years there has been a considerable upsurge of public concern about the role of religion in contemporary violence. However, other than historical materials, there has been a relative neglect of the subject of religion and security. The Routledge Handbook of Religion and Security fills this gap in the literature by providing an interdisciplinary, comprehensive volume that helps non-specialists and experts alike understand how religion is both part of the problem and part of the solution to security challenges. Featuring contributions from many of the key thinkers in the field, the Handbook is organized into thematic sections, reflective of three basic questions:
- What does religion think of security?;
- What does security think of religion?; and,
- What happens when the two are mixed in specific real-world cases of religious conflict?
This Handbook offers analyses of how nine different world religions have related to issues of war and peace, theologically and practically; overviews of how scholars and practitioners in nine different topical areas of security studies have (or have not) dealt with the relationship between religion and security; and five case studies of particular countries in which the religion--security nexus is vividly illustrated: Nigeria, India, Israel, the former Yugoslavia and Iraq.
This Handbook will be of great interest to students of religion, security studies, war and conflict studies and IR in general.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction, Chris Seiple, Dennis R. Hoover, and Pauletta Otis Section I: World Religions and Security 2. Dichotomous Jewish Understandings of Security: Historical Origins and Contemporary Expressions, Stuart A. Cohen 3. Eastern Orthodoxy and the Fusion of National and Spiritual Security, Christopher Marsh 4. Catholic Approaches to Security and Peace, Gerard F. Powers 5. Always Reforming: Protestantism and International Security, Robert Joustra 6. Shi’a Muslims and Security: The Centrality of Iran, Max L. Gross 7. Islam and Security: A Sunni Perspective, Qibla Ayaz and Rashid Ahmad 8. Hinduism and Security: A Hierarchy of Protection, Torkel Brekke 9. All Shall Abide in Peace, Prosperity, and Justice: Sikhism and Security, Pashaura Singh 10. The Protection of Dharma and Dharma as Protection: Buddhism and Security across Asia, Iselin Frydenlund Section II: Security Studies and Religion 11. Religion, War, and Peace: Leavening the Levels of Analysis, Eric Patterson 12. Religion and Security in International Relations Theories, Stacey Gutkowski 13. Religion, Nationalism, and International Security: Creation Myths and Social Mechanisms, Philip S. Gorski and Gülay Türkmen Dervişoğlu 14. Women, Religion, and Security: Islamic Feminism on the Frontlines of Change, Isobel Coleman 15. Spiritual Values, Sustainable Security, and Conflict Resolution, Jamie Price and Andrea Bartoli 16. Religion and Public Opinion on Security: A Comparative Perspective, James L. Guth 17. State Religion and State Repression, Jonathan Fox 18. Human Security: A Secularized Social Gospel and the Rediscovery of Religion, James K. Wellman, Jr. 19. Religion, Media, and Security, Lee Marsden and Heather Savigny Section III: Case Studies 20. Religion and Security in Nigeria, John Campbell 21. Religion, Communalism, and Security in Post-independence India, Ainslie Thomas Embree 22. Religion and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Dov Waxman 23. Religion and (In)Security in the Former Yugoslavia, Paul B. Mojzes 24. The Religious Initiative for National Reconciliation in Iraq, 2006-2007, Micheal A. Hoyt
Chris Seiple is President of the Institute for Global Engagement, a research, education, and diplomatic institution in Washington, DC, that builds sustainable religious freedom worldwide through local partnerships. He is a frequent media commentator and speaker on religion and security, and is co-author with H. Knox Thames and Amy Rowe of International Religious Freedom Advocacy (2009).
Dennis R. Hoover is Vice President for Research and Publications at the Institute for Global Engagement and Editor of The Review of Faith & International Affairs. He is co-editor with Douglas Johnston of Religion and Foreign Affairs: Essential Readings (2012).
Pauletta Otis is Professor of Security Studies at Marine Corps University, Quantico, VA. A prolific author and speaker on religion and security, she has served as a member of the Defense Intelligence Advisory Board and in numerous other advisory positions in U.S. national security.
'Overall, the handbook offers readers a broad overview of many of the key aspects of the religion-security nexus, it clarifies many theological themes and concepts encountered in the analyzed world religions that were and could be employed for both peace and war. The handbook also presents a diverse body of historical as well as empirical material, and as such it represents an essential reference source for academics, students of international relations, policy-makers, media professionals and the general reader as well.' - Natalia Vlas, e-International Relations, April 2013
'This book is a very timely publication. It covers several ethnoreligious crises as they affect governance, development, politics and security of different countries and becomes global challenges. The authors’ views are scholarly and germane to world peace. The work is an adequate publication for religion and security.' - Oladosu Olusegun Adebolu, Obafemi Awolowo University, International Journal for Religious Freedom
All of the authors have written exciting and insightful articles, based on their own and other qualitative research; and their bibliographies offer the reader the opportunity to read more on the topics that pique his or her interest. This book is a rich source for anyone interested in or concerned with religion and security. - W. Smit