1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Science and Empire

Edited By Andrew Goss Copyright 2021
    338 Pages 20 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    338 Pages 20 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Science and Empire introduces readers to important new research in the field of science and empire. This compilation of inquiry into the inextricably intertwined history of science and empire reframes the field, showing that one could not have grown without the other.

    The volume expands the history of science through careful attention to connections, exchanges, and networks beyond the scientific institutions of Europe and the United States. These 27 original essays by established scholars and new talent examine: scientific and imperial disciplines, networks of science, scientific practice within empires, and decolonised science. The chapters cover a wide range of disciplines, from anthropology and psychiatry to biology and geology. There is global coverage, with essays about China, Southeast Asia, the Pacific, Australia and New Zealand, India, the Middle East, Russia, the Arctic, and North and South America. Specialised essays cover Jesuit science, natural history collecting, energy systems, and science in UNESCO.

    With authoritative chapters by leading scholars, this is a guiding resource for all scholars of empire and science. Free of jargon and with clearly written essays, the handbook is a valuable path to further inquiry for any student of the history of science and empire.

    1. Introduction: an imperial turn in the history of science
    Andrew Goss

    2. Situating the empire in history of science
    Pratik Chakrabarti

    3. Cartography and empire from early modernity to postmodernity
    Thomas Simpson

    4. Racial science
    James Poskett

    5. Meteorology and empire
    Martin Mahony

    6. Colonial psychiatry
    Matthew M. Heaton

    7. Anthropology and empire
    Fenneke Sysling

    8. Natural history collections and empire
    Andreas Weber

    9. Non-Western collectors and their contributions to natural history, c. 1750–1940
    Jennifer R. Morris

    10. Energy and empire
    Nathan Kapoor

    11. Science, empire, and the old Society of Jesus, 1540–1773
    Maria Pia Donato and Sabina Pavone

    12. Networks of knowledge in the Indo-Pacific, 1600–1800
    Dorit Brixius

    13. Between transimperial networking and national antagonism: German scientists in the British Empire during the long nineteenth century
    Ulrike Kirchberger

    14. Iberian science, Portuguese Empire, and cultures of inquiry in early-modern Europe
    Hugh Cagle

    15. The dynamic trajectory of French colonialism and science
    Michael A. Osborne

    16. Another empire: science in the Ottoman lands

    Daniel A. Stolz

    17. The planting of "colonial" science in Russian soil
    Anna Kuxhausen

    18. Scientific knowledge in the Qing Empire: engaging with the world, 1644–1911
    James Flowers

    19. Empire, cultivation, and the environment in Southeast Asia since 1500
    Timothy P. Barnard

    20. Science and its publics in British India
    Charu Singh

    21. From history of science to history of knowledge?: themes and perspectives in colonial Australasia
    James Beattie and Ruth A. Morgan

    22. Empires and science: the case of the sixteenth-century Iberian Empire
    Antonio Barrera-Osorio

    23. Science in early North America
    Cameron B. Strang

    24. Science, the United States, and Latin America
    Megan Raby

    25. Arctic science
    Nanna Katrine Lüders Kaalund

    26. Science and decolonisation in UNESCO
    Casper Andersen

    27. Decolonising science and medicine in Indonesia
    Hans Pols


    Andrew Goss is Professor of History at Augusta University, Georgia.

    "Overall, the handbook is an excellent resource for any scholar interested in the topic. I would recommend it to graduate students for their comprehensive exams, to course instructors to provide readings for an undergraduate class, and to scholars engaging with or looking for a quick introduction to any of these topics." - Sarah Qidwai, University of Regensburg