1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Self-Determination and Secession

    652 Pages 20 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Self-Determination and Secession explores the various debates surrounding the issues of self-determination and secession, and the legal, political, and normative implications they give rise to.

    Offering a broad survey of the state of the sub-discipline today, the chapters are divided into seven key parts: an Introduction, Self-Determination, Explaining and Justifying Secession, Secession Strategies, Counter-Secession Strategies, International Law and Secession, and Constitutional Law and Secession. The authors, from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, explore all the recent approaches to secession and self-determination based on strategic interaction of major actors in a secession process.

    This handbook will be of great interest to students and researchers from a variety of disciplines including politics and international relations, security studies, and law.


    1. The Meaning of Self-Determination

    Rowan Nicholson

    2. The Emergence and Evolution of Self-Determination

    Uriel Abulof

    3. The Meaning of Secession

    Peter Radan


    4. Who are the "Peoples" Entitled to the Right to Self-Determination?

    Glen Anderson

    5. Self-Determination and Decolonization

    Costas Laoutides

    6. Self-Determination and the Use of Force

    Rowan Nicholson

    7. Minorities, Self-Determination and Secession

    Felicitas Benziger and Joshua Castellino

    8. Indigenous Peoples and Self-Determination in Settler States

    David MacDonald

    9. The Map Makes the People: The Territorial Nature of Self-Determination

    Timothy William Waters


    10. The Causes of Secession

    Diego Muro

    11. The Lifecycle of Secession: Interactions, Processes, and Predictions

    Nicholas Sambanis and David S. Siroky

    12. The Causes and Consequences of Fragmentation in Secessionist Movements

    Feike E. M. Fliervoet and Lee J. M. Seymour

    13. Geopolitics of Secession: Secession in the International Setting

    Martin Riegl and Bohumil Doboš

    14. Debating the Right to Secede: Normative Theories of Secession

    Argyro Kartsonaki


    15. Secession and the Strategic Playing Field

    Ryan D. Griffiths

    16. Strategic Choices for Secessionist Mobilization

    Philip G. Roeder

    17. Referendums as Instruments for Secession

    Matt Qvortrup

    18. Majoritarianism and Secession: An Ambiguous but Powerful Relationship

    Sean Müller

    19. Beyond ‘Consensual’ Secession? Implicit Distinctions and the Object(ive)s of Consent

    Zoran Oklopcic

    20. Declarations of Independence: A Classification

    Argyro Kartsonaki and Aleksandar Pavković

    21. Violent and Nonviolent Tactics of Secession

    Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham and Caitlin McCulloch

    22. Removing the Government of the Host State: Outside Military Intervention

    Shpend Kursani

    23. International Power Politics and Secession

    Milena Sterio

    24. Surviving Without Recognition: De Facto States

    Helge Blakkisrud

    25. Engagement Without Recognition

    Eiki Berg

    26. Secession and Diplomacy: Playing the State, Proving the Nation

    R. Joseph Huddleston and Caroline Hall


    27. Countering Secession

    James Ker-Lindsay

    28. Secessionist De-mobilization: From ‘Exit’ Back to ‘Voice’

    Karlo Basta

    29. The Strategies of Counter-Secession: How States Prevent Independence

    Peter Krause

    30. How Parent States Prevent Recognition

    Scott Pegg

    31. Managing Self-Determination Struggles Through Decentralization

    Andres Juon and Kristin M. Bakke


    32. Self-Determination as the Basis for a Right to Secession

    Brad R. Roth

    33. The Acquisition of Independence and International Boundaries

    Suzanne Lalonde

    34. International Law and the Break-up of Yugoslavia

    Thomas D. Grant

    35. Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union: "Seceding" From the European Union

    Nikos Skoutaris


    36. Anti-Secession Constitutionalism

    Rivka Weill

    37. Constitutional Law and Secession in the United States

    Roman J. Hoyos

    38. Constitutional Law and Secession in Australia

    Thomas D. Musgrave

    39. The Law of Secession in Canada

    Alyn James Johnson

    40. Constitutional Law and Secession in China: A Historical Outline

    Yan Xiang and Yawen Zhang

    41. Constitutional Law and Secession in the United Kingdom

    Aileen McHarg

    42. Constitutional Law and Secession in Spain

    Elisenda Casañas-Adam


    Ryan D. Griffiths is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Syracuse University, USA.

    Aleksandar Pavković is Honorary Associate Professor in the School of Social Sciences at Macquarie University, Australia.

    Peter Radan is Honorary Professor of Law at Macquarie University, Australia. He is also a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law.