This new Handbook provides readers with the tools to understand the evolution of transatlantic security from the Cold War era to the early 21st century.
After World War II, the US retained a strong presence as the dominant member of NATO throughout the Cold War. Former enemies, such as Germany, became close allies, while even countries that often criticized the United States made no serious attempt to break with Washington. This pattern of security co-operation continued after the end of the Cold War, with NATO expansion eastwards extending US influence. Despite the Iraq war prompting a seemingly irreparable transatlantic confrontation, the last years of the Bush administration witnessed a warming of US-European relations, expected to continue with the Obama administration.
The contributors address the following key questions arising from the history of transatlantic security relations:
- What lies behind the growing and continuing European dependency on security policy on the United States and what are the political consequences of this?
- Is this dependency likely to continue or will an independent European Common Foreign and Security Policy eventually emerge?
What has been the impact of 'out-of-area' issues on transatlantic security cooperation?
The essays in this Handbook cover a broad range of historical and contemporary themes, including the founding of NATO; the impact of the Korean War; the role of nuclear (non-)proliferation; perspectives of individual countries (especially France and Germany); the impact of culture, identity and representation in shaping post-Cold War transatlantic relations; institutional issues, particularly EU-NATO relations; the Middle East; and the legacy of the Cold War, notably tensions with Russia.
This Handbook will be of much interest to students of transatlantic security, NATO, Cold War Studies, foreign policy and IR in general.
Table of Contents
Introduction, editors Part I: Transatlantic Security in the Cold War Era 1. Three ministers and the world they made: Acheson, Bevin and Schuman, and the Making of the North Atlantic Treaty Anne Deighton 2. The Korean War: Miscalculation and Alliance Transformation Samuel Wells 3. The Doctrine of Massive Retaliation and the Impossible Nuclear Defense of the Atlantic Alliance: From MC 48 to MC 70 (1953-1959) François David 4. IVth Republic France and the Atlantic Alliance: Between faithfulness to the alliance and national interests, Jenny Raflik 5. The Fourth Republic and NATO: Loyalty to the Alliance versus National Demands George-Henri Soutou 6. NATO Forever? Willy Brandt's Heretical Thoughts on an Alternative Future Benedikt Schoenborn 7. Negotiating with the Enemy and Having Problems with the Allies: the impact of the Non-proliferation Treaty on Transatlantic Relations Leopoldo Nuti 8. Power Shifts and New Security Needs: NATO, European Identity, and the Reorganization of the West, 1967–75 Daniel Möckli and Andreas Wenger 9. West Germany and the United States during the Middle East Crisis of 1973: 'Nothing but a Semi-Colony'? Bernhard Blumenau 10. The United States and the 'Loss' of Iran: Repercussions on Transatlantic Barbara Zanchetta Part II: Transatlantic Security Beyond the Cold War 11. The Warsaw Pact, NATO and the End of the Cold War Jérôme Elie 12. The Road to Saint Malo: Germany and EU-NATO Relations after the Cold War Wolfgang Krieger 13. EU-NATO relations after the Cold War Hanna Ojanen 14. Security of the EU Boundaries in the Post Cold-War Era Axel Marion 15. Venus Has Learned Geopolitics: the European Union’s Frontier and Transatlantic Relations Basil Germond 16. The Rise and Fall of Criticism Towards the United States in Transatlantic Relations: From Anti-Americanism to Obamania Tuomas Forsberg 17. Strategic Culture and Security: American Antiterrorist Policy and the Use of Soft Power after 9/11 Jérôme Gygax 18. European Security Identity since the end of the cold war Guillaume de Rougé 19. A Realistic Reset with Russia: Practical Expectations for US-Russian Relations James Goldgeier 20. The Obama Administration and Transatlantic Security: Problems and Prospects Jussi M. Hanhimäki 21. Conclusion: Is the Present Future of Transatlantic Security already History? Jean Jacques De Dardel
Basil Germond is Research Associate at the Centre for Sustainable Development, University of Central Lancashire.
Jussi M. Hanhimäki is professor of international history and politics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva.
Georges-Henri Soutou is Professor Emeritus at Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV) University.