The Routledge Handbook of Urban Ecology  book cover
2nd Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Urban Ecology

ISBN 9781138581357
Published December 16, 2020 by Routledge
1176 Pages 318 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This second edition covers recent developments around the world with contributors from 33 different countries. It widens the handbook’s scope by including ecological design; consideration of cultural dimensions of the use and conservation of urban nature; the roles of government and civil society; and the continuing issues of equity and fairness in access to urban greenspaces.

New features include an emphasis on the biophilic design of homes and workplaces, demonstrating the value of nature, in order to counter the still prevalent attitude among many developers that nature is a constraint rather than a value. The volume explores great practical achievements that have occurred since the first edition, with many governments increasingly recognizing and legislating on urban nature and green infrastructure matters, since cities play a major role in adapting to change, particularly to climate crisis. New topics such as the ecological role of light at night and human microbiota in the urban ecosystem are introduced. Additional attention is given to food production in cities, particularly the multiple roles of urban agriculture and household gardens in different contexts from wealthy communities to the poorest informal settlements in deprived communities. The emphasis is on demonstrating what can be achieved, and what is already being done.

The book aims to help scholars and graduate students by providing an invaluable and up-to-date guide to current urban ecological thinking across the range of disciplines, such as geography, ecology, environmental science/studies, planning, and urban studies, that converge in the study of towns and cities and urban design and living. It will also assist practitioners and civil society members in discovering the ways diff erent specialists and thinkers approach urban nature.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Urban Ecology: the Field of Study, Its Growth and Present Concerns


David Goode

1. Urban Areas and Urban Ecology

N. E. McIntyre

2. Urban Ecology in the Ancient Tropics: Foodways and Urban Forms

Christian Isendahl, Monica L. Smith, Miriam T. Stark, Federica Sulas and Stephan Barthel

3. 20th century growth of urban ecology

David Goode, Ian Douglas, Mark McDonnell, Amy Hahs and Ian MacGregor-Fors

4. Urban Ecology: Its Boom in the First Fwo Fecades of the 21st Century

David Goode

Part 2: Humans as an Integral Component of Urban Ecosystems


Tan Puay Yok

5. A Transdisciplinary Urban Ecology Approach to Complex Urban Systems

Elizabeth Cook and Timon McPhearson

6. Science is Not Enough: Grassroots and Bottom-Up Action in Urban Ecology

Cecilia Herzog, Diana Wiesner, David Maddox

7. Biophilic Cities: Elements of the Vision and Emerging Practice

Timothy Beatley

8. Urban ecology: Art and the cultivation of ecological mindsets

Patrick M. Lydon

9. Urban Greenspaces – understanding patterns of use and greenspace distribution in England to inform spatial planning

Jane Houghton and Hazel Thomas

Part 3: Nature in the city: a biophysical environment


Ian Douglas

10. Climate of Cities

C.S.B. Grimmond

11. Understanding urban heat islands

Mathias Roth

12. The impacts of artificial light at night on urban ecosystems

M.J. Grose and T.M. Jones

13. Urban hydrology

Ian Douglas

14. Urban Geomorphology

Ian Douglas

15. Urban estuaries and coasts

L.A. Naylor, H. Kippen, M. MacArthur, A. Zaldívar-Jiménez, A. Vovides, J.D. Hansom and A. Rennie

16. Vulnerability of urban nature to climate change: an overview of impacts and assessment approaches, with examples from urban forests

Camilo Ordóñez, James W.N. Steenberg, and Peter N. Duinker

17. Urban Soils

J. Alan Yeakley

Part 4: Cities as biophysical landscapes: diversity of habitats and species


Ian Douglas and Pippin Anderson

18. Biodiversity and cities

P M L Anderson

19. The invasion of walls, pavements and building surfaces by organisms

C. Philip Wheater

20. Urban cliffs

Robert A. Francis

21. Habitat heterogeneity in suburbia; the importance of the urban mosaic

Paul Lintott and Ian Douglas

22. Urban food production sites: diversity of habitats and species with special reference to Africa

Diana Lee-Smith and Olufunke Cofie

23. Urban green corridors: connectivity, multifunctionality and implications for wildlife movement

Ian Douglas

24. Landscaped parks and open spaces

C. Pickering and M. Hermy

25. A man-made watercourse absorbed into the natural landscape – England’s Manchester Ship Canal: a case study in adaptive re-use and brownfield restoration

Paul Stanton Kibel

26. Grassland on reclaimed soil, with streets, car parks and buildings but few or no mature trees

Tony Kendle

27. Urban rivers and their ecology

Cate Brown

28. Wetlands in Urban Environments

Monica M. Palta and Emilie K. Stander

29. Mammals in urban environments

Marion Chatelain and Marta Szulkin

30. Urban birds: Urban avoiders, urban adapters and urban exploiters

Piotr Tryjanowski, Federico Morelli and Anders Pape Møller

31. Urban Insects

Gail A. Langellotto and Damon Hall

32. Urban soil fauna

Katalin Szlavecz, Csaba Csuzdi, Elisabeth Hornung and Zoltan Korsós

33. Recent examples of colonisation and adaptation by birds in UK towns and cities.

David Goode

34. Introduced and invasive animals: species interactions in towns and cities

Valentina la Morgia

35. Feral animals in the built environment

Peter J. Jarvis

36. Alien plants in cities: human-driven patterns, risks and benefits

Ingo Kowarik and Leonie K. Fischer

Part 5: The urban ecosystem: urban metabolism


Ian Douglas

37. The analysis of cities as ecosystems

Meghan L. Avolio and Tara L. E. Trammell

38. Urban Metabolism Analysis

Shu-Li Huang, Chun-Lin Lee, Su Xu, Shenghui Cui and Xuemei Bai

39. Urban ecological footprints: the city region and the wider world

Joy Clancy

40. Human microbiota and human health in the changing urban ecosystem

Graham A. W. Rook  

41. Urban agroecology: principles and applications

M.A. Altieri and C. I. Nicholls

42. The City as a Life Support System: Ecopoiesis Revisited

David Haley and Vincent Walsh

Part 6: Biophilia and the value of urban nature


Harini Nagendra

43. Assessing ecosystem services in urban areas

Patrick O'Farrell

44. Ecosystem disservices from urban nature

Diane E. Pataki

45. Diversity in Perceived Values of Urban Nature

Wardatul Akmam, Shaikh Mohammad Kais, Md. Shafikuzzaman Joarder, Md. Fakrul Islam

46. Recreational values of urban nature

Wendy Y. Chen

47. Urban nature and its potential to contribute towards human well-being

Åsa Ode Sang and Marcus Hedblom

48. Urban Nature and Human Physical Health

Jenna H. Tilt and Lee K. Cerveny

49. Cooling the urban environment: Effect of tree transpiration on outdoor air temperature

N.H. Wong, C.L. Tan, P.Y. Tan, S.K. Jusuf, S. Tong and D.J.C. Hii

50. Mitigating air pollution and the urban heat island effect: the roles of urban trees

Danielle Sinnett

51. Public attitudes towards urban nature

Marthe Derkzen and Jason Byrne

52. Cultural and sacred worship of urban nature

Seema Mundoli and Harini Nagendra

53. The role of urban nature in fostering social capital and sense of place

Amrita Sen, Harini Nagendra, Rodrigo Antonio Braga Moraes Victor,  Sueli Angelo Furlan, Elaine Aparecida Rodrigues, Joanne Tippett, Janice Astbury and Ian Douglas

54. Values, Justice and Urban Ecosystems

Seema Mundoli and Harini Nagendra

55. Creative conservation

Grant Luscombe and Richard Scott

56. Giving multicultural community groups a voice in creating, using and managing urban green space

Judy Ling Wong

57. Innovative stormwater management through natural and built green infrastructure

Thomas W. Liptan and Michael Charles Houck

58. Urban waterways

Derek B. Booth

59. Rewilding urban landscapes: attributes, types and application as a greening policy

Yun Hye Hwang

60. Urban ecological design - towards an holistic interdisciplinary vision

Michael J. Wells and Lincoln Garland

61. Incorporating the multiple benefits of urban nature into ecological design

Christina Breed

62. Designing neighborhood greenspaces with urban ecosystem services

Tan Puay Yok

Part 7: Protecting urban wildlife


Mike Houck

63. Ensuring equitable green space to deprived social groups

Alexis Vásquez and Cynnamon Dobbs

64. An inclusive approach towards the co-creation and management of urban greenspace as a response to the demand for sustainable cities

Dagmar Haase

65. Capacity building through international collaborations for nature in cities and urban green infrastructure

Oliver Hillel, M’Lisa Colbert and Ian Douglas

66. Using cultural and everyday societal meanings of connection to flora and fauna to build commitment to nature

Judy Ling Wong CBE

67. Using economic and health assessment to make a case for urban greenspace

Ian Douglas

68. Urban greening: the role of international organisations and civil society

Jonathan Hughes

Part 8: Governance, targets and valuation of urban greenspace, from global to local


David Goode

69. Intergovernmental bodies and the greening of cities: roles of UN bodies and international conventions

Peter Frost

70. Local governments and urban ecology: planning and practice examples from Africa, Asia and Europe

A.A. Nor Akmar, Anna Hersperger, Nadja Kabisch, Collins Adjei Mensah, Xiangrong Wang and Ian Douglas

71. Urban Green Infrastructure – Strategic Planning of Urban Green and Blue for Multiple Benefits

Stephan Pauleit, Rieke Hansen, Emily L. Rall and Werner Rolf

72. The role of targets and standards in delivering urban greenspace for people and wildlife.

John Box, Richard Boon, Timoticin Kwanda, Aleksandra Stupar, Jenna H. Tilt and Alexis Vásquez

73. Valuation of Urban Ecological Capital

Haripriya Gundimeda

Part 9: Environmental Justice, fairness and equity in urban ecology


Ian Douglas

74. Urban nature and justice: unequal access to resources and ecosocial resistance in the contemporary city

Marcelo Lopes de Souza

75. Urban agriculture planning for environmental justice and food security

Graciela Arosemena Díaz

76. Ways of creating usable, multipurpose greenspace in impoverished settlements in cities of the Global South

Alex Barimah Owusu, Jacob Songsore, Wan-yu Shih and Leslie Mabon

Conclusions: continuing debates

77. How to conserve natural resources in housing developments: design, construction, and post-construction

Mark Hostetler

78. Native planting versus non-native planting: the state of the debate

Lincoln Garland and Michael J. Wells

79. Global eco-urban futures – green and sustainable, or brown and vulnerable?

Joe Ravetz

80. Urban ecology for the future

Ian Douglas

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Ian Douglas is Emeritus Professor of Physical Geography at the University of Manchester, UK.

P M L Anderson is a lecturer and director of graduate studies in the Department of Environmental and Geographical Science and urban ecology researcher at the African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

David Goode is an ecologist and naturalist, formerly Head of Environment at the Greater London Authority, and now Honorary Professor at University College, London, UK.

Michael C. Houck is The Urban Naturalist of the Urban Greenspaces Institute, Portland, OR, USA.

David Maddox is the Founder and Editor of The Nature of Cities, New York, USA ( .

Harini Nagendra is Professor of Sustainability at Azim Premji University, India.

Tan Puay Yok is an Associate Professor at the National University of Singapore, Singapore.