This new handbook provides an introduction to current sociological and behavioral research on the effects of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan represent two of the most interesting and potentially troubling events of recent decades. These two wars-so similar in their beginnings-generated different responses from various publics and the mass media; they have had profound effects on the members of the armed services, on their families and relatives, and on the people of Iraq and Afghanistan.
Analyzing the effect of the two wars on military personnel and civilians, this volume is divided into four main parts:
Part I: War on the Ground: Combat and Its Aftermath
Part II: War on the Ground: Non-Combat Operations, Noncombatants, and Operators
Part III: The War Back Home: The Social Construction of War, Its Heroes, And Its Enemies
Part IV: The War Back Home: Families and Youth on the Home Front
With contributions from leading academic sociologists, anthropologists, psychologists, military researchers, and researchers affiliated with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), this Handbook will be of interest to students of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, military sociology and psychology, war studies, anthropology, US politics, and of youth.
Steven Carlton-Ford is associate professor of Sociology at the University of Cincinnati. He recently served for five years as the editor of Sociological Focus.
Morten G. Ender is professor of sociology and Sociology Program Director at West Point, the United States Military Academy. He is the author of American Soldiers in Iraq (Routledge 2009).
Table of Contents
Foreword Christopher Dandeker. Introduction Steven Carlton-Ford and Morton G. Ender Part 1: War on the Ground: Combat and its Aftermath 1. Fighting Two Protracted Wars: Recruiting and Retention with an All-Volunteer Force Susan M. Ross 2. Fighting the Irregular War in Afghanistan: Success in Combat - Struggles in Stabilization Brigid Myers Pavilonis 3. Learning the Lessons of Counterinsurgency Ian Roxborough 4. Twenty-First Century Narratives from Afghanistan: Storytelling, Morality, and War Ryan D. Pengelly and Anne Irwin 5. Two US Combat Units in Iraq: Psychological Contracts When Expectations and Realities Diverge Wilbur Scott, David McCone, and George R. Mastroianni 6. Capturing Saddam Hussein: Social Network Analysis and Counterinsurgency Operations Brian J. Reed and David R. Segal 7. Apples, Barrels and Abu Ghraib George R. Mastroianni and George Reed 8. The War on Terror in the Early 21 Century: Applying Lessons from Sociological Classics and Sites of Abuse Ryan Ashley Caldwell and Stjepan G. Mestrovic Part 2: War on the Ground: Non-Combat Operations, Noncombatants, and Operators 9. Policing Post-War Iraq: Insurgency, Civilian Police, and the Reconstruction of Society Mathieu Deflem and Suzanne Sutphin 10. Policing Afghanistan: Civilian Police Reform and the Resurgence of the Taliban Mathieu Deflem 11. Managing Humanitarian Information in Iraq Aldo Benini, Charles Conley, Joseph Donahue, and Shawn Messick 12. Role of Contractors and Other Non-Military Personnel in Today's Wars O. Shawn Cupp and William C. Latham, Jr. 13. Evaluating Psychological Operations in Operation Enduring Freedom James E. Griffith 14. Armed Conflict and Health: Cholera in Iraq Daniel Poole 15. Iraqi Adolescents: Self-Regard, Self-Derogation, and Perceived Threat in War Steve Carlton-Ford, Morten G. Ender, and Ahoo Tabatabai Part 3: The War Back Home: The Social Construction of War, its Heroes, and its Enemies 16. Globalization and the Invasion of Iraq: State Power and the Enforcement of Neo-liberalism Daniel Egan 17. The Pakistan and Afghan Crisis Riaz Ahmed Shaikh 18. Mass Media as Risk-Management in the 'War on Terror' Christopher M. Pieper 19. Talking War: How Elite Newspaper Editorials and Opinion Pieces Debated the Attack on Iraq Alexander G. Nikolaev and Douglas V. Porpora 20. Debating Antiwar Protests: The Microlevel Discourse of Social Movement Framing on a University LISTSERV Mark Hedley and Sara A. Clark 21. Making Heroes: An Attributional Perspective Gregory C. Gibson, Richard Hogan, John Stahura, and Eugene Jackson 22. Making the Muslim Enemy: The Social Construction of the Enemy in the War on Terror Erin Steuter and Deborah Wills Part 4: The War Back Home: Families and Youth on the Home Front 23. Greedy Media: Army Families, Embedded Reporting, and War in Iraq Morten G. Ender, Kathleen M. Campbell, Toya J. Davis, and Patrick R. Michaelis 24. Military Child Well-being in the Face of Mulitple Deployments Rachel Lipari, Anna Winters, Kenneth Matos, Jason Smith, and Lindsay Rock 25. American Undergraduate Attiutdes Toward the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan: Trends and Variations Morten G. Ender, David E. Rohall, and Michael D. Matthews
Steven Carlton-Ford is professor of sociology at the University of Cincinnati.
Morten G. Ender is professor of sociology and Sociology Program Director in the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. He is author of American Soldiers in Iraq (Routledge 2009).
Winner of the 2010 Outstanding Book of the Year Award by the Peace, War, and Social Conflict Section of the American Sociological Association.
"[The Routledge] Handbook of War and Society is a solid work that addresses a wide variety of issues, and its editors deserve praise for its readability and overall quality. Readers with an interest in military sociology and similar areas should find it to be of much value." - C. Dale Walton, Comparative Strategy, 31:103–106, 2012