The Routledge Handbook of World Englishes  book cover
2nd Edition

The Routledge Handbook of World Englishes

Edited By

Andy Kirkpatrick

ISBN 9780367144395
Published December 31, 2020 by Routledge
728 Pages 46 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The Routledge Handbook of World Englishes constitutes a comprehensive introduction to the study of World Englishes. Split into six sections with 40 contributions, this Handbook discusses how English is operating in a wide range of fields from business to popular culture and from education to new literatures in English and its increasing role as an international lingua franca.

Bringing together more than 40 of the world’s leading scholars in World Englishes, the sections cover historical perspectives, regional varieties of English from across the world, recent and emerging trends and the pedagogical implications and the future of Englishes. The Handbook provides a thorough and updated overview of the field, taking into account the new directions in which the discipline is heading. This second edition includes up-to-date descriptions of a wide range of varieties of English and how these reflect the cultures of their new users, including new chapters on varieties in Bangladesh, Uganda, the Maldives and South Africa, as well as covering hot topics such as translanguaging and English after Brexit.

With a new substantial introduction from the editor, the Handbook is an ideal resource for students of applied linguistics, as well as those in related degrees such as applied English language and TESOL/TEFL.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Andy Kirkpatrick

Section 1 Historical Perspectives and Traditional Englishes

1 Standardized English: The History of the Earlier Circles

Daniel R. Davis

2 Grammatical variation in the contemporary spoken English of England

David Britain

3 Phonological innovation in contemporary spoken British English

Gerard Docherty

4 The Englishes of Ireland: Emergence, Transportation and Current Trends

Raymond Hickey

5 The development of standard American English

Bill Kretzschmar

6 The Englishes of Canada

Stephen Levey

7 English in Australia

Kate Burridge

8 The English(es) of New Zealand

Margaret Maclagan and Paul Warren

Section 2 Regional Varieties

9 The development of the English language in India

Joybrato Mukherjee and Tobias Bernaisch

10 Sri Lankan Englishes

Dushyanthi Mendis and Harshana Rambukwella

11 English in education in Bangladesh: World Englishes perspectives

Obaidul Hamid and Iffat Jahan

12 East and West African Englishes: Differences and commonalities

Hans-Georg Wolf

13. Spread of English at the grassroots? Sociolinguistic evidence from two post-protectorates: Maldives and Uganda

Christiane Meierkord

14 South African Englishes

Susan Coetzee Van Rooy

15 China English: a future power

Zhichang Xu

16 Periphery ELT: Myths about English in the Philippines

Isabel Pefianco Martin

17 English in Singapore and Malaysia Differences and Similarities

Low Ee Ling

18 English in Japan

Yuko Takeshita

19 Slavic Englishes: education or culture?

Zoya Proshina

20 West Indian English: An Introduction to Literature in Selected Varieties

Hazel Simmons-McDonald

21 English and English teaching in Colombia: Tensions and possibilities in the expanding circle

Adriana González

Section 3: Emerging Trends and Themes

22 English as a Lingua Franca in the European context

Barbara Seidlhofer

23 Developmental patterns of English: similar or different?

Edgar W. Schneider

24 Mixed codes or varieties of English?

James McLellan

25 Semantic and pragmatic conceptualisations within an emerging variety: Persian English

Farzad Sharifian

26 Writing in Englishes ‘In Defence of Foreigness’

Ha Jin

27 World Englishes, Social Disharmonisation, and Environmental Destruction

Ahmar Mahboob

Section 4 Contemporary Contexts, Functions and Variables

28 Online Englishes

Mark Warschauer, Sharin Jacob and Undraa Maamuujav

29 The Englishes of Business

Catherine Nickerson

30 The increasing use of EMI in Higher Education

Ernesto Macaro

31 The Englishes of Popular Culture

Andrew Moody

32 World Englishes and Philippine call centres

Kingsley Bolton

33 Translanguaging and Multilingual Creativity with English in the Sinophone World

Tong King Lee and Li Wei

34 ‘Brexit’ and the postnational dimension of English in Europe

Mario Saraceni, Britta Schneider and Christine Bélanger

Section 5: Debates and Pedagogical Implications

35 Variation across Englishes Phonology

David Deterding

36 English language teachers in context: Who teaches what, where and why?

Martin Dewey

37 When does an unconventional form become an innovation?

David C.S. Li and Deyuan He

38 Which Test of Which English and Why?

Brian Tomlinson

39 Academic Englishes: A Standardised Knowledge?

Anna Mauranen, Carmen Pérez-Llantada and John M. Swales

Section 6: The Future

40 The Future of Englishes: one, many or none?

Alastair Pennycook




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Andy Kirkpatrick is Professor of Linguistics at Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia, and a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities. Recent publications include the 2019 Routledge International Handbook of Language Education Policy in Asia (co-editor with Anthony J. Liddicoat); World Englishes: Research and Practice (2020), and Is English an Asian Language? (2020).


'This revised and extended edition will be widely welcomed, providing as it does an accessible and extremely informative and comprehensive survey of the developing diversity of World Englishes, both as a significant global phenomenon and as a prolific area of enquiry.'

H.G.Widdowson, University of Vienna, Austria

Praise for the 1st edition:

'... a fascinatingly varied collection... I would recommend it to all English teachers.' LINGUIST List

'...represents a major contribution to the discipline which will be a valuable resource and reference work for readers from a wide range of backgrounds — including historical linguistics, dialectology, sociolinguistics, second language acquisition, applied linguistics and literary studies.' English World-Wide