2nd Edition

The Routledge Handbook of World Englishes

Edited By Andy Kirkpatrick Copyright 2021
    728 Pages 46 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    728 Pages 46 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of World Englishes constitutes a comprehensive introduction to the study of World Englishes. Split into six sections with 40 contributions, this Handbook discusses how English is operating in a wide range of fields from business to popular culture and from education to new literatures in English and its increasing role as an international lingua franca.

    Bringing together more than 40 of the world’s leading scholars in World Englishes, the sections cover historical perspectives, regional varieties of English from across the world, recent and emerging trends and the pedagogical implications and the future of Englishes. The Handbook provides a thorough and updated overview of the field, taking into account the new directions in which the discipline is heading. This second edition includes up-to-date descriptions of a wide range of varieties of English and how these reflect the cultures of their new users, including new chapters on varieties in Bangladesh, Uganda, the Maldives and South Africa, as well as covering hot topics such as translanguaging and English after Brexit.

    With a new substantial introduction from the editor, the Handbook is an ideal resource for students of applied linguistics, as well as those in related degrees such as applied English language and TESOL/TEFL.

    List of Contributors


    Andy Kirkpatrick

    Section 1 Historical Perspectives and Traditional Englishes

    1 Standardized English: The History of the Earlier Circles

    Daniel R. Davis

    2 Grammatical variation in the contemporary spoken English of England

    David Britain

    3 Phonological innovation in contemporary spoken British English

    Gerard Docherty

    4 The Englishes of Ireland: Emergence, Transportation and Current Trends

    Raymond Hickey

    5 The development of standard American English

    Bill Kretzschmar

    6 The Englishes of Canada

    Stephen Levey

    7 English in Australia

    Kate Burridge

    8 The English(es) of New Zealand

    Margaret Maclagan and Paul Warren

    Section 2 Regional Varieties

    9 The development of the English language in India

    Joybrato Mukherjee and Tobias Bernaisch

    10 Sri Lankan Englishes

    Dushyanthi Mendis and Harshana Rambukwella

    11 English in education in Bangladesh: World Englishes perspectives

    Obaidul Hamid and Iffat Jahan

    12 East and West African Englishes: Differences and commonalities

    Hans-Georg Wolf

    13. Spread of English at the grassroots? Sociolinguistic evidence from two post-protectorates: Maldives and Uganda

    Christiane Meierkord

    14 South African Englishes

    Susan Coetzee Van Rooy

    15 China English: a future power

    Zhichang Xu

    16 Periphery ELT: Myths about English in the Philippines

    Isabel Pefianco Martin

    17 English in Singapore and Malaysia Differences and Similarities

    Low Ee Ling

    18 English in Japan

    Yuko Takeshita

    19 Slavic Englishes: education or culture?

    Zoya Proshina

    20 West Indian English: An Introduction to Literature in Selected Varieties

    Hazel Simmons-McDonald

    21 English and English teaching in Colombia: Tensions and possibilities in the expanding circle

    Adriana González

    Section 3: Emerging Trends and Themes

    22 English as a Lingua Franca in the European context

    Barbara Seidlhofer

    23 Developmental patterns of English: similar or different?

    Edgar W. Schneider

    24 Mixed codes or varieties of English?

    James McLellan

    25 Semantic and pragmatic conceptualisations within an emerging variety: Persian English

    Farzad Sharifian

    26 Writing in Englishes ‘In Defence of Foreigness’

    Ha Jin

    27 World Englishes, Social Disharmonisation, and Environmental Destruction

    Ahmar Mahboob

    Section 4 Contemporary Contexts, Functions and Variables

    28 Online Englishes

    Mark Warschauer, Sharin Jacob and Undraa Maamuujav

    29 The Englishes of Business

    Catherine Nickerson

    30 The increasing use of EMI in Higher Education

    Ernesto Macaro

    31 The Englishes of Popular Culture

    Andrew Moody

    32 World Englishes and Philippine call centres

    Kingsley Bolton

    33 Translanguaging and Multilingual Creativity with English in the Sinophone World

    Tong King Lee and Li Wei

    34 ‘Brexit’ and the postnational dimension of English in Europe

    Mario Saraceni, Britta Schneider and Christine Bélanger

    Section 5: Debates and Pedagogical Implications

    35 Variation across Englishes Phonology

    David Deterding

    36 English language teachers in context: Who teaches what, where and why?

    Martin Dewey

    37 When does an unconventional form become an innovation?

    David C.S. Li and Deyuan He

    38 Which Test of Which English and Why?

    Brian Tomlinson

    39 Academic Englishes: A Standardised Knowledge?

    Anna Mauranen, Carmen Pérez-Llantada and John M. Swales

    Section 6: The Future

    40 The Future of Englishes: one, many or none?

    Alastair Pennycook





    Andy Kirkpatrick is Professor of Linguistics at Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia, and a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities. Recent publications include the 2019 Routledge International Handbook of Language Education Policy in Asia (co-editor with Anthony J. Liddicoat); World Englishes: Research and Practice (2020), and Is English an Asian Language? (2020).

    'This revised and extended edition will be widely welcomed, providing as it does an accessible and extremely informative and comprehensive survey of the developing diversity of World Englishes, both as a significant global phenomenon and as a prolific area of enquiry.'

    H.G.Widdowson, University of Vienna, Austria

    Praise for the 1st edition:

    '... a fascinatingly varied collection... I would recommend it to all English teachers.' LINGUIST List

    '...represents a major contribution to the discipline which will be a valuable resource and reference work for readers from a wide range of backgrounds — including historical linguistics, dialectology, sociolinguistics, second language acquisition, applied linguistics and literary studies.' English World-Wide