1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of the Archaeology of Urbanism in Italy in the Age of Roman Expansion

Edited By Fabio Colivicchi, Myles McCallum Copyright 2024
    588 Pages 20 Color & 206 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    588 Pages 20 Color & 206 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of the Archaeology of Urbanism in Italy in the Age of Roman Expansion explores trends in urbanism across Italy in the period when Rome extended its power across the entire peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica.

    Chapters present the most up-to-date archaeological data in the first broad and detailed treatment of this topic, superseding traditional academic particularism. They present a significant re-evaluation of the process of Roman imperialism and the role of urbanization within it. Particular attention is paid to evidence for local agency in different regions and at different sites, but general trends are also highlighted. Various types of urban sites are examined, including Indigenous urban centers that pre-date Rome’s conquest, colonies, both Greek and Roman, small centers in the hinterlands of larger urban entities, and the symbiotic relationship between urban centers and their rural territories. This volume challenges the existence of a standardized “Roman model” imposed on Rome’s vanquished enemies through conquest and highlights that this was a period of intense experimentation. Archaeological data are used to challenge traditional text-based historiographic models and reveal the complex interplay and tensions between Roman imperial control, local and regional traditions, and broader Mediterranean trends.

    This book is of importance to archaeologists and ancient historians working on urbanism and Roman Imperialism, as well as those interested in early urbanism in the Western Mediterranean and Europe and the comparative study of imperialism and colonialism across geographical areas and historical periods.

    Fabio Colivicchi and Myles McCallum




    Part 1. Italian urbanism in the broader context


    1 Jamie Sewell

    Post-Conquest Urbanism in Hellenistic Italy: Peninsular Perspectives



    Part 2. Etruria and Latium


    2 Fabio Colivicchi

    The First Steps of Roman Conquest: Etruria and Latium


    3 Fabio Colivicchi

    Diverging Narratives: Archaeology, Historical Sources and Urban Trajectories in South Etruria


    4 Daniele F. Maras

    Falerii: One Name, Two Towns


    5 Nicola Terrenato and Rachel Opitz

    The Creation of Falerii Novi and the Roman conquest: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives


    6 Marcello Mogetta and Andrew C. Johnston

    Filling in the Gaps: the Urban Development of Early and Mid-Republican Gabii


    7 Francesco Maria Cifarelli

    The Urban Form in Latium Adiectum in the Mid-Republican Period: Geo-Political Dynamics, Institutions, Cultural Models and Urban Experiences


    8 Seth Bernard

    Populonia and North Etruria


    9 Andrea U. De Giorgi

    The Foundation of Cosa. Context, Plans, and Resources



    Part 3. Campania and the Apennines


    10 Fabio Colivicchi

    Early Roman Expansion into Campania and the Apennines


    11 Rafael Scopacasa

    More Than Meets the Eye. Fortified Settlements and Micro-Scale Community in Samnium ca. 300–100 BCE


    12 Alfonso Santoriello and Luigina Tomay

    Beneventum. Continuity and Discontinuity in the Urban and Rural Organization


    13 Amedeo Rossi

    Urban Settlement, Rural Landscape and “Romanization” in Campania Between Neapolis and Suessula


    14 Marco Giglio

    Pompeii. New Data on Urban Development Between the Fourth and the First Centuries BCE


    15 Carmine Pellegrino and Antonia Serritella

    Rome and the Plain of Paestum: Historical Aspects and Archaeological Evidence



    Part 4. The Adriatic Region


    16 Fabio Colivicchi

    From Sea to Sea: Rome on the Adriatic


    17 Giuseppe Lepore and Michele Silani

    The Birth of the City and the Urbanization of the Ager Gallicus (Fourth-First Century BCE)


    18 Frank Vermeulen

    Assessing the Impact of Roman Colonization on Early Urbanisation Dynamics in Central Adriatic Italy, with a Focus on Northern Picenum



    Part 5. South Italy


    19 Myles McCallum

    South Italy Before and After the Conquest


    20 Elizabeth C. Robinson

    Larinum and the Lower Biferno Valley, 400 BCE – 50 BCE


    21 Myles McCallum

    Urban Trends in the Interior of Puglia (Peucetia) and Basilicata (Oenotria/Lucania): The Case of the Basentello Valley


    22 Maria Luisa Marchi

    Roman Colonization and Urbanization in Southern Italy: the Case of Daunia


    23 Jeremia Pelgrom, Jesús García Sánchez, Tesse D. Stek

    Reconsidering the Impact of Roman Expansionism on Daunian Population Centres in the Melfese Area: New Data on the Primary Settlements of Venosa, Banzi, and Lavello


    24 G. Francesco La Torre

    Urbanization and the Process of Romanization in Today’s Calabria



    Part 6. Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica


    25 Fabio Colivicchi

    The First Provinces: Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica


    26 Lorenzo Campagna

    Urbanism in Sicily at the Birth of the Roman Province


    27 D. Alex Walthall

    Morgantina Under Roman Rule: Continuity & Change


    28 Ciro Parodo and Dario D’Orlando

    Urbanization in Roman Sardinia from the Third to the First Century BCE


    Part 7: Roman conquest and urbanization: a reappraisal


    29 Nicola Terrenato

    Urbanism in Italy in the Age of Roman Expansion


    30 Fabio Colivicchi and Myles McCallum

    Anything to Do with Conquest?



    Fabio Colivicchi is Professor in the Department of Classics and Archaeology at Queen’s University at Kingston (Canada).

    Myles McCallum is Professor in the Ancient Studies Program at Saint Mary’s University (Canada).