‘This extraordinary collection is a game-changer. Featuring the cutting-edge work of over forty scholars from across the globe, The Routledge Handbook of the Global Sixties is breathtaking in its range, incisive in analyses, and revolutionary in method and evidence. Here, fifty years after that iconic "1968," Western Europe and North America are finally de-centered, if not provincialized, and we have the basis for a complete remapping, a thorough reinterpretation of the "Sixties."’ —Jean Allman, J.H. Hexter Professor in the Humanities; Director, Center for the Humanities, Washington University in St. Louis
‘This is a landmark achievement. It represents the most comprehensive effort to date to map out the myriad constitutive elements of the "Global Sixties" as a field of knowledge and inquiry. Richly illustrated and meticulously curated, this collection purposefully "provincializes" the United States and Western Europe while shifting the loci of interpretation to Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America. It will become both a benchmark reference text for instructors and a gateway to future historical research.’ —Eric Zolov, Associate Professor of History; Director, Latin American & Caribbean Studies, Stony Brook University
‘This important and wide-ranging volume de-centers West-focused histories of the 1960s. It opens up fresh and vital ground for research and teaching on Third, Second, and First World transnationalism(s), and the many complex connections, tensions, and histories involved.’ —John Chalcraft, Professor of Middle East History and Politics, Department of Government, London School of Economics and Political Science
‘This book globalizes the study of the 1960s better than any other publication. The authors stretch the standard narrative to include regions and actors long neglected. This new geography of the 1960s changes how we understand the broader transformations surrounding protest, war, race, feminism, and other themes. The global 1960s described by the authors is more inclusive and relevant for our current day. This book will influence all future research and teaching about the postwar world.’ —Jeremi Suri, Mack Brown Distinguished Chair for Leadership in Global Affairs; Professor of Public Affairs and History, The University of Texas at Austin
As the fiftieth anniversary of 1968 approaches, this book reassesses the global causes, themes, forms, and legacies of that tumultuous period. While existing scholarship continues to largely concentrate on the US and Western Europe, this volume will focus on Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe. International scholars from diverse disciplinary backgrounds explore the global sixties through the prism of topics that range from the economy, decolonization, and higher education, to forms of protest, transnational relations, and the politics of memory.
Table of Contents
Preface - Odd Arne Westad
Martin Klimke and Mary Nolan
I. TRANSNATIONAL SPACES
1. Transnational Connections of the Global Sixties as Seen by a Historian of Brazil
2. Liberation in Transit: Eduardo Mondlane and Che Guevara in Dar es Salaam
3. Subversive Communities and the "Rhodesian Sixties": An Exploration of Transnational Protests, 1965–1973
4. Building Anti-Colonial Utopia: The Politics of Space in Soviet Tashkent in the "Long 1960s"
5. The Meanings of Western Maoism in the Global 1960s
II. FOREIGN AND CIVIL WARS
6. The Revolution before the Revolution: Student Protest and Political Process at the End of the Portuguese Dictatorship
7. Red Arabia: Anti-Colonialism, the Cold War, and the Long Sixties in the Gulf States
8. Making a "Second Vietnam": The Congolese Revolution and Its Global Connections in the 1960s
9. Australia, the Long 1960s, and the Winds of Change in the Asia-Pacific
III. LIFESTYLES AND COUNTERCULTURES
10. Rebellious Bodies: Urban Youth Fashion in the Sixties and Seventies in Mali
11. Mexico 1968: Events, Assessments, and Antecedents
Mary Kay Vaughan
12. Operación amor: Hippies, Musicians, and Cultural Transformation in El Salvador
Joaquín M. Chávez
13. A Mediterranean 60s: Cultural Politics in Turkey, Greece, and Beyond
Kenan Behzat Sharpe
14. From the Maiak to the Psichodrom: How Sixties Counterculture Came to Moscow
15. East Looks West: Belgrade’s Young People Evaluate Western Counterculture and Student Activism
IV. WOMEN AND FEMINISM
16. Hypervisibility and Invisibility: Asian/American Women, Radical Orientalism, and the Revisioning of Global Feminism
Judy Tzu-Chun Wu
17. The Global Left-Feminist 1960s: From Copenhagen to Moscow and New York
Francisca de Haan
18. Unraveling a Tradition, or Spinning a Myth?: Gender Critique in Czech Society and Culture
19. Modernizing Palestinian Women: Between Colonialism and Nationalism—Reflections on the 1960s and 1970s
V. THE INTERNATIONAL ORDER: DIPLOMACY AND ECONOMICS
20. Détente and the Global Sixties
Mario Del Pero
21. In the Wake of Czechoslovakia, 1968: Reflections on Beijing’s Split with Moscow and Rapprochement with Washington
22. "Beautiful Americans": Peace Corps Iran in the Global Sixties
23. Where Was the Economy in the Global Sixties?
24. 1968—A Post-Colonial Phenomenon?: The "Mays" of France and Africa
25. May ’68 in Africa: Dakar in the Worldwide Social Movement
26. 1969—Ethiopia’s 1968
27. Tanzanian Ujamaa in a World of Peripheral Socialisms
28. The Chinese Sixties: Mobility, Imagination, and the Sino-Japanese Friendship Association
Zachary A. Scarlett
29. The US Cold War and the Japanese Student Movement, 1947–1973
30. Making Non-Dissident Youth: The IFYE and Agrarian Youth in Asia and America
Gregg Andrew Brazinsky
31. The Global Sixties in Southeast Asia: Indonesia and Malaysia
VIII. THE MIDDLE EAST
32. The Iranian Student Movement and the Making of Global 1968
Manijeh Nasrabadi and Afshin Matin-asgari
33. Matzpen: A Different Israeli History
34. An Un-Revolutionary Decolonization: The 1960s and the United Arab Emirates
35. Cairo and the Cultural Cold War for Afro-Asia
Elizabeth M. Holt
36. The Revival of Protest in Egypt on the Eve of Sadat
37. Shafiq’s Bag of Memories
IX. REPRESENTATIONS, LEGACIES, AFTERLIVES
38. Disseminating the Tricontinental
Robert J. C. Young
39. Heroine of the Other America: The East German Solidarity Movement in Support of Angela Davis, 1970–73
40. Let Them Eat Meat: The Literary Afterlives of Castro’s and Nasser’s Dietary Utopias
41. The Dialectics of Liberation: The Global 1960s and the Present
Chen Jian is Distinguished Global Network Professor of History at NYU Shanghai (with an affiliated appointment at NYU New York), Global Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center, Zijiang Distinguished Visiting Professor at East China Normal University, and Hu Shih Professor of History Emeritus at Cornell University.
Martin Klimke is Associate Dean of Humanities and Associate Professor of History at New York University Abu Dhabi.
Masha Kirasirova is Assistant Professor/Faculty Fellow of History at New York University Abu Dhabi.
Mary Nolan is Professor of History at New York University.
Marilyn Young was Professor of History at New York University.
Joanna Waley-Cohen is Provost for NYU Shanghai and Silver Professor of History at NYU New York.
The Sixties: A journal of History, Politics and Culture is the only academic, peer reviewed journal to focus solely on this transformative decade of history. Launched in 2008, this cutting-edge journal features cross-disciplinary, accessible scholarship from academics and public intellectuals.