1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of the Other Backward Classes in India
Thought, Movements and Development



  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after November 16, 2021
ISBN 9780367610548
November 16, 2021 Forthcoming by Routledge India
554 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This handbook presents an authoritative account of the development of movements, thoughts, and policies of OBCs (Other Backward Classes) in India. Despite the adoption of egalitarian principles in the Indian Constitution, caste inequalities, discrimination, and exclusionary practices against people from backward classes and other lower castes continue to haunt them in contemporary India.

A comprehensive work on the politics of identity and plurality of experiences of OBCs in India, this handbook,

— Features in-depth research by eminent scholars on the OBC social and political thought, OBC movements, and OBC development and policymaking;

— Discusses the life, ideologies, and pioneering contributions by Gautam Buddha, Sant Kabir, Jotirao Phule, Savitribai Phule, Shahu Maharaj, Narayana Guru, B.R. Ambedkar, Ram Manohar Lohia, and E V Ramasamy Periyar, and leading social reform movements;

— Examines OBC issues with case studies from various Indian states to look at issues of pre- and post- Mandal India; backward caste movements; and, reclamation of the Bahujan legacy;

— Critiques public policies and programmes for the development of OBCs in India;

— Reviews the status of Muslim OBCs in India and of the invisibilised nomadic communities; 

— Reviews the impact of globalization on the economically backward lower castes and the impact of development initiatives for the excluded people.

First of its kind, this handbook will be essential reading for scholars and researchers of exclusion and discrimination studies, diversity and inclusion studies, Global South Studies, affirmative action, sociology, Indian political history, Dalit Studies, political sociology, public policy, development studies, and political studies.

 

Table of Contents

Foreword by Christophe Jaffrelot

 

Acknowledgements

 

 

Introduction

 

 

PART I: THOUGHT AND IDEOLOGY

 

1. The Backward God: Gautam Buddha’s Liberative Agenda for the OBCs

Kancha Ilaiah

 

2. Contesting Caste: The Revolutionary Movement of the Sant-Poets         

Braj Ranjan Mani                  

                                                                                   

3. The Thought and Ideology of Jotirao Phule

Gail Omvedt                                                                                                               

 

4. Claiming Savitribai Phule: Life and Times of a Forgotten Liberator       

Nilekha Salunke

 

5. Shahu Maharaj and OBC Empowerment in Maharashtra

Bharath Patankar                                          

 

6. Dr Ambedkar and Annihilation of Caste   

K Srinivasulu

 

7. Narayana Guru and Formation of Political Society in Kerala:  A Contemporary Critique

K V Cybil                                                                                                        

 

8.  E V Ramasami Periyar on Caste-Society & Category-wise Rights         

G Aloysius

 

9. Dr. Lohia’s Socialist Thought and Powering People

Simhadri Somanaboina and Akhileshwari Ramagoud          

 

 

PART II: OBC MOVEMENTS

 

10. Introduction: OBCs and Social Justice

M N Rao

 

11. Mandal, Mandal Commission and Making of an OBC Identity

Arvind Kumar

 

12. The Other Backward Classes: Pre- and Post-Mandal India

Simhadri Somanaboina

 

13.  Backward Caste Movement: The Tamil Nadu Experience

K A Manikumar

 

14. Backward Class Movement in Karnataka

M Gurulingaiah

 

15. Politics and Public Policy of the Dominant Castes towards Backward Classes in Erstwhile Andhra Pradesh: A Critical Analysis from 1956-2014

E Venkatesu

 

16. OBC Movement in Maharashtra:  Reclaiming the Bahujan legacy

Lata Pratibha Madhukar       

 

17. OBC Leadership & Electoral Politics in Uttar Pradesh

A K Verma

 

18. Understanding Backward Caste Movement in Contemporary Bihar

Sanjay Kumar

 

19. The Other Backward Classes in Bengal: Exclusion, Exploitation and Empowerment

Mahua Sarkar

 

 

PART III: OBC DEVELOPMENT AND POLICIES

 

20. Contextualizing the Backward Classes Discourse

G Aloysius

 

21. Modernization, Social Exclusion and Empowerment of Other Backward Classes in India: A Study of Gujarat

Santosh Kumar and D Sriram

 

22. Other Backward Classes and State Policies in Uttar Pradesh

Chitaranjan Das Adhikary

 

23. The Status of Muslim OBCs in India: Inclusion/Exclusion of Muslim OBCs in the Process of Modernisation and Development in Post-Independent India

Syed Amin Jafri

 

24. Status of Backward Caste Artisans in India: An Appraisal

K Murali Manohar

 

25. Entrenched Inequality among OBC Women of India: A Narrative of Telangana

Akhileshwari Ramagoud

 

26. The Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities of Telangana: A Ground Report

Akhileshwari Ramagoudand Simhadri Somanaboina

 

27. Media in India: Free to Exclude?

P L Vishweshwer Rao

 

28. The OBC vote in North India: Trends and Patterns

Sanjay Kumar and Pranav Gupta

 

 

 

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Editor(s)

Biography

Simhadri Somanaboina is former Professor at Osmania University, Hyderabad, India. He was associated with the Dept of Geography and Geoinformatics for 35 years. He has published on development studies, urban, regional and environmental studies and geo-informatics. His interest has been social activism and the marginalised people. He has published books on internal colonization of Telangana, election atlas, and caste studies, and has been associated with anti-caste movements and movement for a separate Telangana state for over three decades.

Akhileshwari Ramagoud is an award-winning journalist and a teacher for 40-odd years. She was Deccan Herald’s Foreign Correspondent based in Washington DC, USA, and as its Special Correspondent for Andhra Pradesh based in Hyderabad. She taught at the Dept. of Communication and Journalism in Osmania University and in Loyola Academy, Secunderabad, Telangana, India. She has published several research papers on media studies in national and international journals.