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The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy and Psychology of Luck





ISBN 9780367731663
Published December 18, 2020 by Routledge
486 Pages

 
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Book Description

Luck permeates our lives, and this raises a number of pressing questions: What is luck? When we attribute luck to people, circumstances, or events, what are we attributing? Do we have any obligations to mitigate the harms done to people who are less fortunate? And to what extent is deserving praise or blame affected by good or bad luck? Although acquiring a true belief by an uneducated guess involves a kind of luck that precludes knowledge, does all luck undermine knowledge? The academic literature has seen growing, interdisciplinary interest in luck, and this volume brings together and explains the most important areas of this research. It consists of 39 newly commissioned chapters, written by an internationally acclaimed team of philosophers and psychologists, for a readership of students and researchers. Its coverage is divided into six sections:





I: The History of Luck



II: The Nature of Luck



III: Moral Luck



IV: Epistemic Luck



V: The Psychology of Luck



VI: Future Research.





The chapters cover a wide range of topics, from the problem of moral luck, to anti-luck epistemology, to the relationship between luck attributions and cognitive biases, to meta-questions regarding the nature of luck itself, to a range of other theoretical and empirical questions. By bringing this research together, the Handbook serves as both a touchstone for understanding the relevant issues and a first port of call for future research on luck.

Table of Contents



Section I: History of Luck







  1. Nafsika Athanassoulis: Aristotle on Constitutive, Developmental, and Resultant Moral Luck






  2. Sarah Broadie: Aristotle on Luck, Happiness, and Solon’s Dictum






  3. René Brouwer: The Stoics on Luck






  4. Jeffrey Hause: Thomas Aquinas on Moral Luck






  5. Kate Moran: Immanuel Kant on Moral Luck






  6. Craig Smith: Adam Smith on Moral Luck and the Invisible Hand






  7. Piers Norris Turner: John Stuart Mill on Luck and Distributive Justice






  8. Dani Rabinowitz: History of Luck in Epistemology






  9. Andrew Latus: Thomas Nagel and Bernard Williams on Moral Luck




  10. Section II: The Nature of Luck





  11. Duncan Pritchard: Modal Accounts of Luck






  12. Wayne Riggs: The Lack of Control Account of Luck






  13. Nicholas Rescher: The Probability Account of Luck






  14. Rik Peels: The Mixed Account of Luck






  15. Nathan Ballantyne & Samuel Kampa: Luck and Significance






  16. Fernando Broncano-Berrocal: Luck as Risk






  17. Rachel Mckinnon: Luck and Norms




  18. Section III: Moral Luck





  19. Daniel Statman: The Definition of ‘Luck’ and the Problem of Moral Luck






  20. Carolina Sartorio: Kinds of Moral Luck






  21. Michael J. Zimmerman: Denying Moral Luck






  22. Robert J. Hartman: Accepting Moral Luck






  23. Laura W. Ekstrom: Luck and Libertarianism






  24. Mirja Pérez de Calleja: Luck and Compatibilism




  25. Section IV: Epistemic Luck





  26. Ian M. Church: The Gettier Problem






  27. Benjamin Jarvis: The Problem of Environmental Luck






  28. Tim Black: Anti-Luck Epistemology






  29. Stephen Hetherington: The Luck/Knowledge Incompatibility Thesis






  30. John Greco: Luck and Skepticism






  31. J. Adam Carter: Epistemic Luck and the Extended Mind




  32. Section V: The Psychology of Luck





  33. Steven D. Hales & Jennifer Adrienne Johnson: Cognitive Biases and Dispositions in Luck Attributions






  34. Karl Halvor Teigen: Luck and Risk






  35. Sabine Roeser: Emotional Responses to Luck, Risk and Uncertainty






  36. Anastasia Ejova: The Illusion of Control






  37. Matthew D. Smith & Piers Worth: Positive Psychology and Luck Experiences


  38. Section VI: Future Research





  39. J. D. Trout: Luck in Science






  40. Joe Milburn & Edouard Machery: The Philosophy of Luck and Experimental Philosophy






  41. Ori J. Herstein: Legal Luck






  42. Carolyn McLeod & Jody Tomchishen: Feminist Approaches to Moral Luck





...
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Editor(s)

Biography

Ian M. Church is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Hillsdale College. He is the co-author (with Peter Samuelson) of Intellectual Humility: An Introduction to the Philosophy & Science (2017).



Robert J. Hartman is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow with the Lund-Gothenburg Responsibility Project at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He is the author of In Defense of Moral Luck: Why Luck Often Affects Praiseworthiness and Blameworthiness (2017).







 

Reviews

"This is an essential guidebook for anyone whose work engages conceptual or empirical questions about luck and related phenomena. It will be of great interest and use to anyone working in epistemology, philosophy of action, ethics, social and political philosophy, and the history of philosophy. This comprehensive volume boasts a long list of first-class contributors – Church and Hartman deserve hearty thanks and congratulations."

--E.J. Coffman, The University of Tennessee

"Debates about luck are central to a range of philosophical debates, from epistemology to free will. This impressive volume presents the state of art across this range, and extends it into new areas. It will be a central reference point for years to come."

--Neil Levy, Macquarie University