1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence

Edited By Maria Lasonen-Aarnio, Clayton Littlejohn Copyright 2024
    562 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    What one can know depends on one’s evidence. Good scientific theories are supported by evidence. Our experiences provide us with evidence. Any sort of inquiry involves the seeking of evidence. It is irrational to believe contrary to your evidence. For these reasons and more, evidence is one of the most fundamental notions in the field of epistemology and is emerging as a crucial topic across academic disciplines.

    The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting subject and is the first major volume of its kind. Comprising forty chapters by an international team of contributors the handbook is divided into six clear parts:

    • The Nature of Evidence
    • Evidence and Probability
    • The Social Epistemology of Evidence
    • Sources of Evidence
    • Evidence and Justification
    • Evidence in the Disciplines

    The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of science and epistemology, and will also be of interest to those in related disciplines across the humanities and social sciences, such as law, religion, and history.

    Introduction Maria Lasonen-Aarnio and Clayton Littlejohn

    Part 1: The Nature of Evidence

    1. Experience as Evidence Chris Tucker

    2. E = K, but What About R? Timothy Williamson

    3. Epistemological Disjunctivism and Evidence Duncan Pritchard

    4. Evidential Internalism and Evidential Externalism Giada Fratantonio

    5. The Evidential Support Relation of Evidentialism T. Ryan Byerly

    6. How Can "Evidence" be Normative? Ralph Wedgwood

    Part 2: Evidence and Probability

    7. Varieties of Measures of Evidential Support Peter Brössel

    8. Positive Relevance Peter Achinstein

    9. The Paradoxes of Confirmation Jan Sprenger

    10. Good Predictions and Bad Accommodations Eric Christian Barnes

    11. Bayesian Norms and Non-Ideal Agents Julia Staffel

    12. The Value of Evidence Bernhard Salow

    13. Sleeping Beauty’s Evidence Jeffrey Sanford Russell

    14. Higher-Order Evidence Kevin Dorst

    Part 3: The Social Epistemology of Evidence

    15. Evidence and Power: Feminist Approaches to Evidence Kristen Intemann

    16. Evidence, Relativism and Progress in Feminist Standpoint Theory Natalie Alana Ashton

    17. Epistemic Injustice in Collecting and Appraising Evidence David Schraub and Joel Sati

    18. Prejudiced Belief: Evidential Considerations Endre Begby

    19. Evidence and Bias Nick Hughes

    20. Disagreement and Higher-Order Evidence Jonathan Matheson

    Part 4: Sources of Evidence

    21. Intuitions as Evidence: An Introduction Marc A. Moffett

    22. The Evidence in Perception Ali Hasan

    23. Testimony and Evidence Nick Leonard

    24. Introspection and Evidence Alex Byrne

    25. Explanation and Evidence Kevin McCain and Ted Poston

    Part 5: Evidence and Justification

    26. Prospects for Evidentialism Bob Beddor

    27. Permissivism, Underdetermination, and Evidence Elisabeth Jackson and Greta LaFore

    28. Moral Encroachment and Evidence Jessica Brown

    29. Evidence and Virtue (and Beyond) Kurt L. Sylvan

    30. Propositional Justification and Doxastic Justification Paul Silva Jr. and Luis R.G. Oliveira

    31. Evidence and Epistemic Reasons Errol Lord

    32. Fallibilism and a Guarantee of Truth Charity Anderson

    33. Evidence and Inductive Inference Nevin Climenhaga

    Part 6: Evidence in the Disciplines

    34. Legal Evidence and Knowledge Georgi Gardiner

    35. Evidence in Logic Ben Martin and Ole Thomassen Hjortland

    36. Evidence: From Science to Policy Eleonora Montuschi

    37. Theory and Evidence in Economics Julian Reiss

    38. Evidence-Based Medicine and Evidence-Based Public Health Benjamin Smart

    39. Evidence in Classical Statistics Samuel C. Fletcher and Conor Mayo-Wilson

    40. Scientific Evidence Alexander Bird



    Maria Lasonen-Aarnio is Professor of Theoretical Philosophy at the University of Helsinki, Finland. She has published on a wide range of topics within epistemology, philosophy of mind, and the study of normality. Her book The Good, the Bad and the Feasible (2024) defends a novel normative framework and applies it to various problems and puzzles in epistemology and beyond.

    Clayton Littlejohn is Professor of Philosophy at the Dianoia Institute of Philosophy at the Australian Catholic University in Melbourne, Australia. He has written extensively on epistemic justification, reasons, and evidence.