1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook on Contemporary Turkey

Edited By Joost Jongerden Copyright 2022
    534 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    534 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This Handbook discusses the new political and social realities in Turkey from a range of perspectives, emphasizing both changes as well as continuities. Contextualizing recent developments, the chapters, written by experts in their fields, combine analytical depth with a broad overview.

    In the last few years alone, Turkey has experienced a failed coup attempt; a prolonged state of emergency; the development of a presidential system based on the supreme power of the head of state; a crackdown on traditional and new media, universities and civil society organizations; the detention of journalists, mayors and members of parliament; the establishment of political tutelage over the judiciary; and a staggering economic crisis. It has also terminated talks with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK); intervened in and occupied mountainous border areas in northern Iraq to fight that organization; occupied Afrin and strips of territory in northern Syria; intervened in Libya; articulated an assertive transnational politics toward “kin” across the world; strained its relations with the European Union and the US, while developing relations with Russia; flirted with China’s intercontinental Belt and Road Initiative; and carved out a presence in Africa, to name just a few of the most recent developments.

    This volume provides a comprehensive and wide-ranging overview of the making of modern Turkey. It is a key reference for students and scholars interested in political economy, security studies, international relations and Turkish studies.

    1 Introduction
    Joost Jongerden
    2 Politics and ideology: party and opposition in the late Ottoman and early republican period
    James Ryan
    3 Violence against the Kurds in the Turkish Republic
    Uğur Ümit Üngör and Ayhan Işık
    4 Remaking Turkey’s polity and cultural landscapes
    Zeynep Kezer
    5 Refugees of the 1923 population exchange between Turkey and Greece: Greek efforts for integration and assimilation
    Eleni Kyramargiou
    6 The making of a national city: from Mezre to Elazığ
    Ali Sipahi
    7 Populism in Turkey: From a political style to a model for global politics?
    M. Asım Karaömerlioğlu
    8 Turkish secular nationalism as religion
    Ferhat Kentel
    9 Parties and politics in Turkey
    Elise Massicard
    10 Civil-military relations in Turkey: patterns and Possibilities
    Burak Bilgehan Özpek
    11 Coups and state formation in Turkey
    Nikos Christofis
    12 Constitutions and political systems
    Ergun Özbudun
    13 Competitive authoritarianism in Turkey under the AKP rule
    Berk Esen
    14 Politics of truth and post-truth
    Hakkı Taş
    15 Kurdish politics in Turkey
    Cengiz Gunes
    16 Turkish nationalism and patriarchy
    Simten Coşar
    17 Youth politics
    Ayça Alemdaroğlu
    18 Tracing the reverse history of homosexuality from the Ottoman Empire to contemporary Turkey: from tolerance to discrimination
    Ceylan Engin and Zeynep Özbarlas
    19 Mad patriots: militarized masculinities and nation-building in contemporary Turkish novels
    Çimen Günay-Erkol
    20 Contemporary cinema of Turkey: being and becoming
    Gönül Dönmez-Colin
    21 Musical diversity and the struggle for identities
    Martin Greve
    22 The political economy of Turkey in the last two centuries
    Bora Selçuk and Murat Öztürk
    23 The Kurdish question in contemporary Turkey: a political economy
    Veli Yadirgi
    24 “Concrete” steps toward modernization: dam-, state-, and nation-building in southeastern Turkey 
    Arda Bilgen
    25 Political economy of environmental conflicts in Turkey: from the Bergama resistance to the Gezi protests and beyond 
    Murat Arsel, Fikret Adaman and Bengi Akbulut
    26 Agriculture and rural life in Turkey
    Murat Öztürk, Joost Jongerden and Andy Hilton
    27 The layers of an onion: food and nation in Turkey
    John William Day
    28 Migration from rural Anatolia to metropolitan cities
    Tahire Erman
    29 The architecture of dispossession, disaster, and emergency in urban Turkey
    Eray Çaylı
    30 Civilizing space: addressing disorder in rural and urban landscapes
    Joost Jongerden
    31 Social movements and urban activism in Turkey
    Christopher Houston
    32 Religious movements in Turkey 
    Ceren Lord
    33 The quest for cultural power: Islamism, culture and art in Turkey
    Özgür Yaren, Cenk Saraçoğlu and Irmak Karademir-Hazır
    34 Media as hyper-social and activists as critical generators in contemporary Turkey 
    Asli Telli Aydemir
    35 Turkey’s responses to refugees: past and present
    Ahmet İçduygu and Damla B. Aksel
    36 “Turkey is bigger than Turkey”: diaspora- building and the transnational politics of the Turkish state
    Banu Şenay
    37 Turkey and the West: dealignment in contemporary times
    Sinan Ciddi
    38 Turkey and the Middle East
    Michael M. Gunter
    39 Turkey’s ‘novel’ enterprising and humanitarian foreign policy and Africa
    Pinar Akpinar



    Joost Jongerden is an associate professor at Wageningen University, the Netherlands, and project professor at Kyoto University in Japan. A common denominator of his research has been the question of how people create and maintain a livable life under conditions of precarity. This he refers to as self- organized practices or “Do-It-Yourself-Development.”