1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook to the Middle East and North African State and States System

ISBN 9780367358877
Published November 25, 2019 by Routledge
414 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations

USD $250.00

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Book Description

Conflict and instability are built into the very fabric of the Middle East and North African (MENA) state and states system; yet both states and states system have displayed remarkable resilience. How can we explain this? This handbook explores the main debates, theoretical approaches and accumulated empirical research by prominent scholars in the field, providing an essential context for scholars pursuing research on the MENA state and states system. Contributions are grouped into four key themes:

• Historical contexts, state-building and politics in MENA

• State actors, societal context and popular activism

• Trans-state politics: the political economy and identity contexts

• The international politics of MENA

The 26 chapters examine the evolution of the state and states system, before and after independence, and take the 2011 Arab uprisings as a pivotal moment that intensified trends already embedded in the system, exposing the deep features of state and system—specifically their built-in vulnerability and their ability to survive.

This handbook provides comprehensive coverage of the history and role of the state in the MENA region. It offers a key resource for all researchers and students interested in international relations and the Middle East and North Africa.

Table of Contents

Part I. Historical Context, State-Building and Politics in MENA

1. State, Revolution and War: Conflict and Resilience in MENA’s States and States System

Raymond Hinnebusch, University of St. Andrews

2. Historical Context of State Formation in the Middle East: Structure and Agency

Raymond Hinnebusch, University of St. Andrews

3. States and State-building in the Middle East

Adham Saouli, Doha Institute and University of St. Andrews

4. Political Regimes of the Middle East and North Africa

Oliver Schlumberger, Tubingen University

5. Authoritarian Adaptability and the Arab Spring

Stephen J. King, Georgetown University

6. The Arab Spring and the Gulf Monarchies

Christopher M. Davidson, Leiden University College, The Hague

7. Leadership and Legitimacy in MENA

Mark Sedgwick, Aarhus University

Part II State Actors, Societal Context and Popular Activism

8. The Military in the Arab State

Philippe Droz-Vincent, Sciences-Po Grenoble (France)

9. Tribes in MENA politics: The Levant Case

Dawn Chatty, Oxford University

10. Political Parties in the Middle East

Lise Storm, Exeter University

11. Islam and Islamic Movements and MENA Politics

Ewan Stein and Neil Russell, Edinburgh University

12. Civil Society in the Middle East and North Africa

Vincent Durac, University College Dublin

13. The Arab Spring Is Not Lost: Moral Protest as the Embodiment of a New Politics

Larbi Sadiki and Layla Saleh, Qatar University

14. Tunisia’s "Civic Parallelism:" Lessons for Arab Democratization

Larbi Sadiki, Qatar University

Part III Trans-state Politics. The Political Economy and Identity Contexts

15. The Middle East and North Africa in the Lens of Marxist International Relations Theory

Jamie Allinson, Edinburgh University

16. Oil and the Rentier State in the Middle East

Thomas Richter, German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg

17. Divergent Development in Egypt and the Gulf

Rodney Wilson, Durham University

18. Studying identity politics in Middle East international relations: before and after the Arab uprisings
Morten Valbjørn, Aarhus University

19. Arab Nationalism: A Conceptual and Historical Reassessment

Jasmine Gani, University of St. Andrews

Part IV. The International Politics of MENA

20. Conflict in the Middle East

Francisco Belcastro, Derby University

21. Regionalism in the Middle East and North Africa

Louise Fawcett, Oxford University

22. An exceptional context for a debate on international relations? Toward a synthetic approach to the study of the MENA’s international politics

Pietro Marzo and Francesco Cavatorta, Laval University

23. U.S. Hegemony and MENA

Stephen Zunes, University of San Francesco

24. Alliances and the Balance of Power in the Middle East

Curtis R. Ryan, Appalachian State University

25. War in the Middle East

Raymond Hinnebusch, University of St. Andrews

26. International Relations of the Gulf: From Stable Rivalry to Spreading Instability

Matteo Legrenzi and Fred H. Lawson, University of Venice


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Raymond Hinnebusch is Professor of International Relations and Middle East Politics at the University of St. Andrews.

Jasmine K. Gani is a Senior Lecturer in International Relations at the University of St. Andrews.