The Routledge History of Poverty in Europe, c.1450-1800
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The Routledge History of Poverty in Europe, c.1450-1800 is a pioneering exploration of both the lives of the very poorest during the early modern period, and of the vast edifices of compassion and coercion erected around them by individuals, institutions, and states.
The essays chart critical new directions in poverty scholarship and connect poverty to the environment, debt and downward social mobility, material culture, empires, informal economies, disability, veterancy, and more. The volume contributes to the understanding of societal transformations across the early modern period, and places poverty and the poor at the centre of these transformations. It also argues for a wider definition of poverty in history which accounts for much more than economic and social circumstance and provides both analytically critical overviews and detailed case studies.
By exploring poverty and the poor across early modern Europe, this study is essential reading for students and researchers of early modern society, economic history, state formation and empire, cultural representation, and mobility.
Table of Contents
David Hitchcock and Julia McClure
Part 1: Structures
1. Charity and the Rise of the State
2. The Economic History of Poverty
3. Poverty and Empire
4. The Vagrant Poor
5. Poverty and the Environment
Part 2: Impacts
6. Losing Wealth: Debt and Downward Mobility in Eighteenth-Century England
7. Poor Bodies and Disease
8. Motives of Control, Motifs of Creativity: The Visual Imagery of Poverty in Early Modern Europe
9. The Worthiest to be Relieved: Disabled Veterans in England, c. 1580-1630
10. Consumption and the Material Culture of Poverty in Europe, c.1450-1800
Part 3: Institutions
11. Institutional Care for the Sick and Aged Poor in Later Medieval England
12. The Rise of the Workhouse
13. Relief for the body, comfort for the soul. The Case of Portuguese Misericórdias
14. Architecture in Relief: Hospitals for the Poor in Venice and Lisbon
Part 4: Connections
15. Peddling and the makeshift economy
16. Poverty, Law and Labour in the Ottoman Empire
Hayri Gökşin Özkoray
17. Spas for the Sick Poor the Early Modern British Atlantic World
18. Barefoot Children in a ‘Fine Room’: Robert Owen, Adam Smith, and Social Regeneration in Scotland
Dr David Hitchcock is a Senior Lecturer in Early Modern History at Canterbury Christ Church University. His research focuses on poverty and vagrancy in Britain and the Atlantic world, he is the author of Vagrancy in English Culture and Society, 1650-1750 (2016), and he is working on a new book-length history of British welfare colonialism.
Dr Julia McClure is a Lecturer in Late Medieval and Early Modern Global History at the University of Glasgow. Her research explores the global history of poverty and charity with a particular focus on the Spanish Empire, she is the author of The Franciscan Invention of the New World (2016), and she is working on a new monograph on the moral economy of poverty and the making of the Spanish Empire.