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The Routledge International Handbook of Critical Philanthropy and Humanitarianism



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ISBN 9780367741044
March 1, 2023 Forthcoming by Routledge
336 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This handbook builds a shared understanding of the troubling politics of philanthropy and the disturbing history and practices of humanitarianism.

While historical work on philanthropy has long suggested a link between imperial rule and humanitarian aid, these insights have only recently been brought to bear on contemporary forms of giving. In this book, contributors link the long history of colonial philanthropy to current foundations and their programs in education, health, migrant care and other social initiatives. They argue that humanitarianism not only alleviates the inequalities wrought by global capitalism to allow for the secure and efficient functioning of the market, but humanitarianism also performs and consolidates liberal market rationalities around efficiency, expansion and increasingly neoliberal entrepreneurialism.

Philanthropy and humanitarianism share a history, growing together out of modernist socio-economic relations and modes of imperial rule. However, the histories and contemporary politics of the two have not been brought together with such breadth or under such a critical lens before. Discussing philanthropy and humanitarianism together, combining both historical scope and contemporary iterations, highlights continuities and convergences—making the volume a unique introduction and critical overview of critical work in these sister-fields.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – Introduction. Monopoly Philanthropy and the Humanitarian New World Order

Katharyne Mitchell and Polly Pallister-Wilkins

Part 1: Philanthropy, Humanitarianism and Political Economy

Chapter 2 – Neoliberalism, Philanthropy, and Humanitarianism: Pragmatic or Faustian Bargains?

Michael Barnett

Chapter 3 – Social Impact Investing

Emily Rosenman

Chapter 4 – Universal Basic Income

Stephen Young

Chapter 5 – Labour

Elisa Pascucci

Chapter 6 – Political Economy of Educational Philanthropy: From Venture Philanthropy to Digital Privatization

Kenneth J. Saltman

Chapter 7 – Immunizing Against Access? Philanthro-Capitalist COVID Vaccines and the Preservation of Patent Monopolies

Matthew Sparke and Orly Levy

Chapter 8 – Philanthrocapitalism Seen from South Africa: Bill Gates’ Charity Turns to Tyranny, Misfired Silver Bullets and Climate Vandalism

Patrick Bond, Liepollo Lebohang Pheko, and Alex Lenferna

Part 2: Humanitarianism, Development and Humanitarian Developments

Chapter 9 – Humanitarianism and the non-European world

Beste İşleyen

Chapter 10 – Design: The Colonial Imaginary of Humanitarian Good(s)

Mahmoud Keshavarz

Chapter 11 – Nigeria and the Humanitarian International: From Biafra to Boko Haram

Michael J. Watts

Chapter 12 – Neither ‘Philanthropy’ nor ‘Development’: A Tale of Two Buzzwords

Jorge Garcia-Arias and Juanjo Mediavilla

Chapter 13 – Careful Killing: Humanitarian Warfare and the Politics of Precision Violence

Richard Nisa

Chapter 14 – Humanitarianism through Ubuntu Philosophy

Michael Onyebuchi Eze

Chapter 15 – Celebrity: A Key Concept for Understanding the Power of ‘Helping’

Lisa Ann Richey

Part 3: Philanthro-Humanitarianism: Projects, Problems and Practices

Chapter 16 – Metrics, Legibility, and the Logics of Governance in Philanthropy and Humanitarian Aid: A Politics of Knowledge Approach

Jaimie Morse

Chapter 17 – Modernism and Technology in Humanitarian Action

Tom Scott-Smith

Chapter 18 – The Spirit of Climate Philanthropy

Edouard Morena

Chapter 19 – "Obstruction."

William Plowright

Chapter 20 – Nation-building and its Exclusions: Elite Philanthropy and the Limits of Social Reform

Adam Saifer and Arun Kumar


Chapter 21 – Philanthropy in France and Colonial Haiti: Bienfaisance, Paternalism, and Race

Erica Johnson Edwards

Chapter 22 – Humanitarian Futures

Polly Pallister-Wilkins, Hanno Brankamp, Elisa Pascucci, James Smith, Lewis Turner, Tammam Aloudat, and William Plowright

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Editor(s)

Biography

Katharyne Mitchell is Dean of the Social Sciences and a Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

Polly Pallister-Wilkins is a political geographer and Associate Professor in the Department of Politics at the University of Amsterdam and is a co-editor of Geopolitics.