1st Edition

The Routledge International Handbook of Juvenile Homicide

Edited By Kathleen M. Heide Copyright 2024
    852 Pages 47 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge International Handbook of Juvenile Homicide is the definitive work on juvenile homicide. This volume provides an up-to-date, comprehensive, and in-depth exploration of what is known about juveniles involved in murder. Taking an interdisciplinary approach to juvenile homicide, this handbook brings together the leading experts in social sciences, mental health, and law from many countries. The volume covers the phenomenon of juvenile homicide from beginning to end, by addressing the questions “why do kids kill?” all the way to “how does society stop them from killing?”.

    The tough issues involved in sentencing youths who take the lives of others, often deliberately and in horrific ways, are confronted through chapters addressing the legal issues, child development factors, risk assessment, public attitudes, and ethical concerns. The volume brings together research specifically conducted for this volume, in addition to summaries and discussions of clinical and empirical findings. Each chapter ends with key takeaway points. Contributors include psychologists, psychiatrists, criminologists, sociologists, lawyers, economists, biologists, epidemiologists, and public health and public policy experts. Uniquely, they examine murder by juveniles across the globe. The volume includes research pertaining to the causes, correlates, and theoretical explanations of juvenile homicide offending. Moving beyond discussions of juvenile homicide offenders (JHOs) as a homogenous group, the volume includes research on specific types of JHOs and research investigating age and gender differences among JHOs. In addition, it draws attention to the empirical factors associated with juvenile homicide offending, effective treatment of JHOs, recidivism, and prevention of violent behavior. The volume also makes recommendations for policy and practice, including how to shift government policy from punishing lawbreakers to saving lives.

    This volume is essential reading for scholars and students researching youth violence/juvenile homicide across a variety of disciplines including criminology, criminal justice, law, psychology, psychiatry, sociology, social work, public health, and education. It is also an invaluable reference for mental health professionals, practitioners in the juvenile and criminal justice systems, policymakers, and government leaders.

    PART 1

    Juvenile homicide today


    1          Crime forecasting and the disappearing juvenile crime wave

    James Alan Fox

    2          The International handbook of juvenile homicide: The view from 30,000 feet

    Kathleen M. Heide

    3          Juvenile homicide offenders: A synopsis of the literature on characteristics and risk factors

    Norair Khachatryan



    Cross-national perspectives on juvenile homicide


    4          Juvenile homicide in the United States

    Kathleen M. Heide


    5          Youth-involved/juvenile homicide cases in Canada

    Adrienne M. F. Peters, Amanda R. Champion, and Raymond R. Corrado


    6          Juvenile homicide in England and Wales

    Rachel Condry, Caroline Miles, and Lucy Trafford


    7          Juvenile homicide in the Netherlands

    Pauline Aarten, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, and Marieke Liem


    8          Juvenile homicide in Belgium

    F. Jeane Gerard


    9          Juvenile homicide in Australia

    D. Jenny Cartwright


    10        Cross-national trends and predictors of youth homicide victimization

    Mateus R. Santos



    Types of juvenile homicide offenders


    11        School shootings and threat assessment


    Dewey G. Cornell


    12        Crime, conflict, and fighting for fun: Types of juvenile homicide offenders in Australia

    Simone J. Deegan


    13        Juvenile sexual homicide offenders: Clinical findings and considerations

    Sanya Virani, Jason Andreas, Heng Choon (Oliver) Chan, and Wade Myers


    14        Juvenile sexual homicide:  A review of offender, victim, and offense characteristics

    Heng Choon (Oliver) Chan



    Age Considerations among juvenile homicide offenders  


    15        Male juvenile homicide offenders:  Developmental and empirical differences among young boys, pre-teens, and teens who kill

    Brian G. Sellers and Kathleen M. Heide       


    16        Child perpetrators of homicide, suicide, and unintentional firearm fatalities in the United States

    Sara J. Solnick and David Hemenway          


    PART V

    Gender differences among juvenile homicide offenders  


    17        An empirically-derived typology of male juvenile homicide offenders in the United States

    Cedric Michel, Kathleen Heide, Bryanna Fox, John Cochran, and Norair Khachatryan   


    18        Statistical profiles of female juvenile homicide offenders: A latent class analysis

    John Cochran, Kathleen Heide, Bryanna Fox, and Norair Khachatryan           



    Family homicides perpetrated by juvenile homicide offenders  


    19        Understanding Parricide: Pathways to killing parents

    Kathleen M. Heide


    20        Juvenile involvement in double parricide and familicide in the U.S.

    Averi R. Fegadel



    Causes, correlates, and theoretical explanations of juvenile homicide offending  


    21        Why kids kill: Sociological Perspectives of juvenile homicide

    Wesley G. Jennings and Nicholas M. Perez


    22        Psychological Perspectives on juvenile homicide

    Chae M. Jaynes and Deanna N. Devlin         


    23        Biological and psychological effects of trauma

    Eldra P. Solomon and Kathleen M. Heide    


    24        Why do juveniles kill:  An ecological perspective on the developmental dynamics

    James Garbarino        


    25        Evolutionary perspectives on juvenile homicide offending

    Madeleine K. Meehan and Todd K. Shackelford



    Clinical observations by experienced juvenile homicide offender forensic evaluators   


    26        Clinical impressions of juvenile homicide offenders

    James Garbarino


    27        “Nuts and bolts” of conducting forensic evaluations of juvenile homicide offenders

    Kathleen M. Heide    


    28        Juvenile homicide offenders: Is there evidence they mature over time?

    Kathleen M. Heide    



    Treatment of juvenile homicide offenders


    29        Innovative treatment for juvenile homicide: A dose-response analysis of recidivism outcomes

    Darin R. Haerle


    30        Effective treatment of severely aggressive youth with callous-unemotional traits

    Michael F. Caldwell and Brendan M. Caldwell        


    PART X

    Competency, culpability, and sentencing considerations regarding juvenile homicide offenders


    31        Adolescent development and justice; bridging science with practice – how should the legal system respond to juveniles charged with homicide?  A developmental perspective

    Colleen Brown, Jordan Beardslee, and Elizabeth Cauffman


    32        From “transient immaturity” to a permanent transformation: Jack’s story 

    Frank DiCataldo        


    33        Risk assessment for juvenile homicide offenders:  Best practices and a cautionary note

    Jaymes Fairfax-Columbo, Sarah Fishel, Haleh Kanani, and David DeMatteo


    34        Juveniles Sentenced to life in Australia – empirical findings

    Simone J Deegan       


    35        Growing up incarcerated: A prisoner's perspective on the juvenile homicide offender experience

    John Hovey (post-script by Carol Welch)     


    36        Juvenile homicide: Public perceptions and sentencing considerations

    Kirk Heilbrun and Heidi Zapotocky  


    37        Ethical considerations in sentencing juvenile homicide offenders to adult prison

     Brian G. Sellers         



    Release, recidivism, and Prediction of juvenile homicide offenders           


    38        The Afterlife and discretional release of juvenile lifers

    Simon Singer 


    39        Juvenile homicide offenders: Synthesis of findings on recidivism

    Norair Khachatryan   


    40        Reentry Experiences and recidivism in a model program

    Robert P. Blount III, Lillie A. Harris, and Shelsie Jeanty     


    41        The implications of Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) exposure for juvenile violent offending and homicide: An extension of prospective prediction of juvenile homicide/attempted homicide

    Michael T. Baglivio and Kevin T. Wolff      


    42        Early Risk Factors for Juvenile and youthful homicide offenders in the Pittsburgh Youth Study

    David P. Farrington, Lia Ahonen, and Rebecca M. Stallings



    Prevention of juvenile violence      


    43        A character education perspective on preventing youth violence

    Marvin W Berkowitz, John C. Gibbs, and Ann-Marie DiBiase


    44        Leveling the playing field: A developmental psychologist’s perspective

    Danielle Nesi and James Garbarino  


    45        A biopsychosocial approach to interventions for violent offending

    Olivia Choy and Farah Focquaert     


    46        Juvenile offenders of homicide and prevention suggestions

    Karissa R. Pelletier and Jesenia M. Pizarro  


    Charting the course for the future 


    47        Addressing Serious Juvenile Violence: Recommendations for Policy and Practice

    Jodi Lane       


    48        How to shift government policy from punishing to saving lives?

    Audrey Monette and Irvin Waller     



    Kathleen M. Heide is a Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Criminology at the University of South Florida (USF). Professor Heide was elected as a Fellow in the American Association for the Advancement of Science in recognition of her contributions in Criminology, particularly in the areas of juvenile homicide and parricide. Dr. Heide is also a licensed mental health professional actively involved in evaluating adolescent homicide offenders and treating survivors of trauma, including police officers. She has served as a court-appointed expert in matters relating to homicide, violence, and family and children. Dr. Heide also has been retained by the state and the defense to evaluate defendants charged with murder in 17 states and Canada.

    Professor Heide has authored or co-authored approximately 150 professional publications, including four monographs. Her book, Why Kids Kill Parents: Child Abuse and Adolescent Homicide, was the first scholarly book on the subject and is considered a seminal publication. Dr. Heide is also the author of two other books on homicide: Young Killers: The Challenge of Juvenile Homicide and Understanding Parricide: When Sons and Daughters Kill Parents. She is the co-author (with Linda Merz-Perez) of Animal Cruelty: Pathway to Violence Against People. Her research has also been featured by major news outlets around the world, and she has served as a consultant to the National Institute of Justice, National Institute of Health, many state agencies, and several law firms.

    Dr. Heide has served on 20 community boards or councils and has held two gubernatorial appointments to the Florida Sentencing Commission. She has received many awards from USF for teaching and research excellence and has been recognized for her accomplishments by many community and professional organizations. Dr. Heide was elected to full membership in the American Psychological Association in recognition of her contributions to the field of psychology. Dr. Heide has been invited to lecture on her research findings in several countries. For example, she was invited by Queen Sofia of Spain to present her research on juvenile homicide at the International Meeting on the Biology and Sociology of Violence: Youth Violence (2004). Professor Heide gave the opening plenary address on parricide at a homicide conference sponsored by the Australian government and Griffith university (2014). Dr. Heide recently delivered the opening plenary on juvenile homicide for a psychology and law conference in Taiwan and will be speaking there on juvenile parricide at another conference in Fall 2023.

    Kathleen holds a B.A. from Vassar College, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. She earned both her M.A. and Ph.D. from the University at Albany, State University of New York, School of Criminal Justice, where she received a Distinguished Doctoral Dissertation Award at commencement and was recognized as a distinguished alumna in 2007.

    "In the International Handbook of Juvenile Homicide, Kathleen M. Heide has brought together leading scholars and researchers from different countries and across a variety of disciplines to write up-to-date and authoritative chapters on trends in juvenile homicide; subtypes, causes, and correlates of juvenile homicide; and prevention, treatment, and legal responses. It is difficult to think of a topic related to juvenile killing that is not covered in the volume’s 48 chapters. This monumental work will be the go-to source on juvenile homicide for many years to come." - Richard Rosenfeld, Ph.D., Curators’ Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Missouri – St. Louis

    "Professor Heide's gathering of renowned experts on juvenile homicide is a monumental contribution to the world of juvenile justice, for judges, lawyers, therapists, and students: A definitive work that addresses the difficult question of why juveniles commit murder, and how to prevent it." - Judge Irene Sullivan, retired Florida juvenile and family law judge, author of Raised by the Courts

    “Finally, a book on juvenile homicide that is truly comprehensive and current! A pioneer researcher whose prolific work on juvenile homicide continues today, Kathleen Heide assembled an impressive array of multidisciplinary authors of world renown. Tightly organized, cogent chapters are theory- driven and data-based original research reports with cutting-edge findings. Juvenile homicide is analyzed from multiple perspectives (epidemiological, ethnographic, developmental, psychobiological). Nomothetic research is complemented with ideographic descriptions and self-expressions of juvenile homicide offenders, providing enlightening insight into the perspectives of those who have experienced the challenges of prolonged custody while their youthful brains are still undergoing maturational changes. Many will eventually be released into a world dramatically transformed from the time of their arrest. The Rutledge International Handbook of Juvenile Homicide is an indispensable reference but also an essential read for policy makers, criminologists, penologists, criminal and juvenile attorneys, and mental health experts as well as practitioners who serve the criminogenic and mental health needs of juvenile homicide offenders.” Alan R. Felthous, M.D., Professor Emeritus, Forensic Psychiatry Division, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO