The Russian budget process has received little detailed attention in academic literature. Here various key aspects of the formation of the federal budget, largely since Vladimir Putin began his third presidential term in 2012, are examined. It is primarily the writing of the expenditure side of the budget which is described, that is, how it is decided how much money is spent on what. While ample information is provided on budgetary outcomes, the focus is on the process: the issues faced by budget makers, the actors and institutions involved, and the formal and informal procedures that lead to outcomes. It is not the task of the volume to provide an analysis of the wisdom or effectiveness of particular budget allocations; its goal is to provide some judgement on the effectiveness of the process. Chapters are offered on the budgetary process as it relates to the two main claimants on federal budget funding, the social and defence sectors. Three chapters then examine the major locations of budgetary policy-making: the executive (at presidential and cabinet of ministers levels), the Duma, and the expert community.This book was originally published as a special issue of Post-Communist Economies.
1. Russian federal budget formation: introduction
2. The social budget policy process in Russia at a time of crisis
3. The Russian budgetary process and defence: finding the ‘golden mean’
4. Russian experts: missing actors of the budget process
5. Amending budget bills in the Russian State Duma
6. The role of the executive in Russian budget formation