1st Edition

The SAP Materials Management Handbook




ISBN 9781466581623
Published March 17, 2014 by Auerbach Publications
443 Pages 640 B/W Illustrations

USD $160.00

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Book Description

Although tens of thousands of global users have implemented Systems, Applications, and Products (SAP) for enterprise data processing for decades, there has been a need for a dependable reference on the subject, particularly for SAP materials management (SAP MM).

Filling this need, The SAP Materials Management Handbook provides a complete understanding of how to best configure and implement the SAP MM module across various types of projects. It uses system screenshots of real-time SAP environments to illustrate the complete flow of business transactions involved with SAP MM. Supplying detailed explanations of the steps involved, it presents case studies from actual projects that demonstrate how to convert theory into powerful SAP MM solutions.

  • Includes tips on the customization required for procurement of materials and inventory management
  • Covers the range of business scenarios related to SAP MM, including the subcontracting cycle and consignment cycle
  • Provides step-by-step guidance to help you implement your own SAP MM module
  • Illustrates the procure to pay lifecycle
  • Depicts critical business flows with screenshots of real-time SAP environments

This much-needed reference explains how to use the SAP MM module to take care of the range of business functions related to purchasing, including purchase orders, purchase requisitions, outline contracts, and request for quotation. It also examines all SAP MM inventory management functions such as physical inventory, stock overview, stock valuation, movement types, and reservations—explaining how SAP MM can be used to define and maintain materials in your systems.

Table of Contents

Introduction to SAP Materials Management and Navigation
Introduction
What Is SAP?
Importance of Enterprise Resource Planning
What Is SAP MM?
SAP Is Not Easy
     Complexity Issues for End Users
     Complexity Issues for SAP Consultants 
     Typical Nature of SAP Transactions
     Typical SAP User Screens 
     Difficult Language
Navigation 
     Log On 
     User Screen Elements 
          Menu 
          Standard Tool Bar 
          Title Bar 
          Application Tool Bar 
          Screen Body 
          Status Bar 
     Standard Tool Buttons
Personalization
Transaction Codes
Help Functions

Business Mapping in SAP Materials Management and Job Advice
Introduction
Business Function Mapping in SAP MM
     Purchase Requisition 
     Purchase Order 
     Request for Quotation
     Contract 
     Scheduling Agreement 
     Invoice 
     Material Requirement Planning 
     Reservation 
     Material Document 
     Financial Document
Core and Central Functions
Minimal Customization Required in SAP MM
Real World and SAP
Job Advice
How to Learn SAP
Project Management and SAP Responsibilities

SAP MM Masters and Organizational Structure
Introduction
Material Master 
     Material Master Setup Information 
     Material Master Views
     Basic Data View 1
     Basic Data View 2
     Sales Organization Data View 1
     Sales Organization Data View 2 
     Sales: General Plant Data View 
     Purchasing View 
     MRP Views 
     General Plant Data Views 
     Accounting Views 
     Costing Views
Material Types 
     Important Material Types 
     Additional Material Types
Material Group
Plant
Storage Location
Purchasing Organization
Purchase Group
Purchasing Value Key
Vendor Master
Source List
Info Records 
     Info Record at Plant or Purchasing Organization Level
     Info Record Structure 
     Procurement Types in Info Record 
     Info Record Net Price and PO Net Price 
     Creating Info Records 
     Net Price Simulation
Conditions 
     Condition Groups
     Variant Conditions
Pricing (Condition Technique)
Quota Arrangement 
     Quota Arrangement Calculation

SAP MM Purchasing Management
Introduction
Integration Points
Make to Stock versus Make to Order
Complete Purchasing Cycle
Purchase for Stock versus Purchase for Consumption
Automatic Account Determination 
     Configuration Steps 
     Account Assignment for Purchase Documents 
     Account Assignment Category
Similar Names but Different Entities
Item Category 
     Item Category Characteristics
Release Procedure 
     Release Procedure for PR 
     Release Procedure without Classification for PR
          Release Codes 
          Release Indicator 
          Assign Release Indicator 
          Release Points (prerequisites) 
          Determine Release Strategy 
     Release Procedure with Classification for PRs
          Create Characteristics 
          Create Class and Assign Characteristics to Class 
          Create Release Groups 
          Create Release Codes 
          Create Release Indicators 
          Create Release Strategies 
          Assign Release Codes to a Release Point (Create Workflow)
Source Determination 
     Source Determination Sequence
Purchase Documents 
     Type of Purchase Documents 
     Purchase Document Structure 
     Document Types 
     Purchase Document Numbering 
     Purchase Document Screens 
Enjoy Interface 
     Features of Enjoy Interface 
     Document Overview
Purchase Requisition 
     Fund Availability 
     Parts of a PR
Request for Quotation 
     RFQ Document Structure 
     Prerequisites for RFQ 
     RFQ Creation Manually 
     RFQ Creation Using Reference Document 
     Creating a Delivery Schedule for an RFQ 
     Comparing Quotations 
     Rejecting Quotations 
     Selecting Quotation
Outline Agreement 
     Structure of Outline Agreement Document 
     Creating Outline Agreement Documents 
     Changing, Cancelling, and Blocking Outline Agreement Document
Contract 
     Structure of Contract Document 
     Central Contracts 
     Partner Roles 
     Item and Account Assignment Categories in Contracts 
     Distributed Contract 
     How Distributed Contracts Work 
     Contract Distribution with Classification 
     How to Create Contract Distribution with Classification 
     Contract Release Order
Scheduling Agreement 
     Advantages of Scheduling Agreements 
     Item and Account Assignment Categories in Scheduling Agreements 
     Procurement Types in Scheduling Agreements 
     A Scheduling Agreement Document Structure 
     Creating Scheduling Agreements 
     Time Zones in Schedule Lines in Line Items in Scheduling Agreements 
     Scheduling Agreement Release 
     Messages for SA Release 
     Scheduling Agreement with Centrally Agreed Contract
Purchase Order 
     Procurement Types in PO
     PO Creation Scenarios
     Prerequisites for Creating PO 
     PO with Zero Value 
     Important Considerations in PO Life Cycle 
     Cancelling a PO
     Blocking a PO
     Monitoring a PO
     Archiving of PO
     PO with Enjoy Interface
     GR-Based Invoice Verification
     Returns 
     Invoicing Plan 
          Periodic Invoicing Plan 
          Partial Invoicing Plan 
          Important Considerations for Invoicing Plans 
          Automatic Settlement of Invoicing Procedure

SAP MM Inventory Management
Introduction to Inventory Management
Inventory Management in a Nutshell
Integration Points
Stock Item versus Consumable Item
Movement Types
Material Document
Accounting Document
Quality Management in Inventory Management
Material Status
Goods Movements in SAP MM–IM
Goods Receipt 
     Planning for GR 
     Planning GR with POs 
     Planning GR with Production Orders 
     Planning GR with Reservations 
     Tracking GRs against POs
PO Creation for GR 
     Steps to Create GR from PO 
     Steps to Create GR from Shipping Notification 
     Results of GR 
     Under/Over Delivery and Final Delivery 
     Many GRs per PO Line Item 
     GR for Nonvaluated Materials 
     Order Unit of Measure and Unit Price 
     Entering a Freight Supplier 
     Shelf Life and Batch Management in GR 
     Releasing Material from Blocked Stock 
     GR for Production Orders 
     GR for By-Products 
     Other GRs
Goods Issue 
     GI General 
     Account Assignment
     GI without Reference Document 
     GI for Scrapping 
     Taking Sample 
     GI with Reference to Reservation 
     GI for Production Order
     GI against BOM 
     Results of GI 
     Reversing a Planned GI 
     Return Delivery to Vendor 
     Return Delivery in Goods Delivery-Based Invoice
Stock Transfer 
     Planning Stock Transfer Using Reservation 
     Storage Location-to-Storage Location Stock Transfer: One-Step Procedure 
     Storage Location-to-Storage Location Stock Transfer: Two-Step Procedure 
          Situation at Issuing Storage Location 
          Situation at Receiving Storage Location 
     Plant-to-Plant Stock Transfer: One-Step Procedure 
     Plant-to-Plant Stock Transfer: Two-Step Procedure 
     Company Code-to-Company Code Stock Transfer 
     Withdrawal Rules 
     Transfer Posting 
          Transfer Posting: Material to Material 
          Transfer Posting: Stock to Stock
Reservation 
     Type of Reservations
Batch Management 
     Batch Number Levels 
     Advice on Batch Number Settings 
     Structure of Batch Data 
     Batch Status Management 
     GR for a Batch-Managed Material 
     GI for a Batch-Managed Material 
     Stock Transfer and Transfer Posting of Batch-Managed Materials 
     Batch Classification 
          Batch Determination 
     Batch Search Strategies 
     Goods Movement of Split-Valuated and Batch-Managed Materials
Stock Determination 
     Create Stock Determination Strategy
Material Valuation 
     Joint Valuation 
     Implementing Split Valuation
Serial Numbers in Goods Movements
Goods Movement via Shipping
Materials Requirement Planning 
     Safety Stock and Reorder Point

Customizing in Material Masters
Introduction
SPRO and IMG for SAP MM
Transaction Variants in Material Master
     Field Display Characteristics
Enterprise-Level Setup 
     Plant and Valuation Area Setup
          Define Valuation Level 
          Define, Copy, Delete, and Check Plant 
          Define Location (for Plant)
          Define, Copy, Delete, and Check Division 
     Storage Location and Purchasing Organization Set Up 
          Maintain Storage Location 
          Maintain Purchasing Organization
     Assigning Plant and Valuation Area 
          Assign Plant to Company Code 
          Assign Business Area to Plant/Valuation Area and Division 
     Assigning Purchase Organization 
          Assign Purchase Organization to Company Code 
          Assign Purchase Organization to Plant 
          Assign Standard Purchase Organization to Plant 
          Assign Purchase Organization to Reference Purchase Organization
Material Master in Logistics General Setup 
     Field Selection for Changing Material Master View 
          Data Screen for Field Selection Group 
          Field Selection for Data Screen 
          Define Industry Sector and Industry Sector-Specific Field Selection
          Define Plant-Specific Field and Screen Selection 
          Define Lock Relevant Indicator
Material Master Basic Settings
     Define Output Format of Material Numbers 
     Make Global Settings 
     Maintain Company Codes for Materials Management 
     Define Attributes of System Messages 
     Material Type Setup 
          Define Attributes of Material Types
          Assign Material Types to Special Material Creation Transactions 
          Define Number Ranges for Each Material Type
Key Material Master Field Settings 
     Define Material Groups 
     Maintain External Material Groups
     Define Divisions 
     Define Material Statuses 
     Extend ABC Indicator 
     Define Laboratories and Offices 
     Define Basic Materials 
     Define Storage Conditions 
     Define Temperature Conditions
     Define Container Requirements
     Define Units of Measures Groups
     International Article Numbers 
          Define Number Ranges for EANs/ Universal Product Codes (UPCs) 
          Define Number Ranges for Perishable EANs (Four Digits) 
          Define Number Ranges for Perishable EANs (Five Digits) 
          Define Prefixes for EANs 
          Define Attributes of EANs 
          Enter Standard Article Numbers 
          Maintain Process Mapping 
     GTIN Mapping 
          Maintain Field Catalog 
          Maintain Condition Tables 
          Maintain Access Sequences 
          Maintain Condition Types 
          Maintain Determination Procedures 
          Assign Procedure to Document Type 
          Maintain GTIN Variant Type
Materials Management General Settings 
     Set Material Block for Material Movement 
          Exclusive Material Block 
          Late Material Block 
     Set Up Material Block for Invoice Verification 
     Activate Consignment Prices via Info Records

SAP MM Customizing—MRP
Introduction
Consumption-Based Planning 
     Define Parallel Processing in MRP 
     Plant Parameters 
          Carry Out Overall Maintenance of Plant Parameters 
     MRP Groups 
          Carry Out Overall Maintenance of MRP Groups 
          Define MRP Group for Each Material Type 
     Number Ranges 
          Define Number Ranges for Planning Run 
          Define Number Ranges for Manual Processing 
     Master Data
          Define MRP Controllers 
          Check MRP Types 
          Define Special Procurement Types 
          Maintain Planning Calendar 
          Reference Plant for Access to Central Master Data Tables
MRP Areas 
     Define MRP Areas
MRP Planning Settings 
     Activate MRP 
     Define Scope of Planning for Total Planning 
     Define Creation Indicator
     Define Floats (Scheduling Margin Key) 
     Parameters for Determining Basic Dates 
     Activate Runtime Statistics 
     Define the Maximum MRP Period 
     Indicator for Only Firm Transmitted Schedule Lines 
     Maintain Correction Factors for Forecast 
     Define Start Time of Sporadic Background Jobs 
     Define the Storage Location MRP per Plant
MRP Calculation 
     Define Planning Horizon 
     Define Rescheduling Horizon 
     Define Error Handling 
     Define Range of Coverage Profiles (Dynamic Safety Stock) 
     Define Period Profile for Safety Time/Actual Range of Coverage
Safety Stock Planning 
     Define Safety Stock Availability 
     Define Stock in Transfer and Blocked Stock Availability
Lot-Size Calculation 
     Define Lot-Sizing Procedure 
     Maintain Rounding Profile
Procurement Proposal 
     Define External Procurement 
     Define Line Item Numbers
Procurement Proposals
     Define Order Profile 
     Define Conversion for Planned Orders into Purchase Requisition 
     Define Conversion of Purchase Requisitions into Purchase Orders
Evaluations
     Check Texts for MRP Elements 
     Define Receipt Elements for Receipt Days’ Supply 
     Define Screen Sequence for Header Details 
     Define Navigation Profiles 
     Define MRP Views 
     Activate Workflow for Mail to MRP Controller 
     Exception Messages 
          Define and Group Exception Messages 
          Check Exception Group Texts
     Period Totals 
          Define Individual Period Split for Period Totals 
          Define Period Display for Period Totals 
     Filters 
          Define Selection Rules 
          Define Display Filters
Forecast
     Weighting Groups for Weighted Moving Average 
     Define Splitting of Forecast Requirements for MRP
Assign Forecast Errors to Error Classes
Historical Data and Postdistribution Forecast
Delivery Relationship for External or Internal Material Group
     Control of Alternative Historical Data and Postdistribution Forecast 
     Define Profile for Determining Delivery Relationship
Delivery Relationship for Plants 
     Profile for Determining Delivery Relationship for Plants 
     Document Types for Delivery Relationship Determination
Authorization and Performance 
     Material Requirements Planning 
     Check for Performance Settings 
          Check Storage Mode for MRP List

SAP MM Customizing—Purchasing
Introduction
General Purchasing Functions 
     Create Purchasing Groups 
     Maintain Search Help for Purchasing Documents 
     Define External Representation of Item Categories
     Define Default Values for Document Type 
     Define Link to External Documents
Purchasing Functions: Environment Data 
     Define Attributes of System Messages (SIMG_CFMENUOLMEOME0) 
     Define Default Values for Buyers 
     Define Tax Jurisdiction 
     Maintain Display Type for Date/Period 
     Web Services ID and Description
Purchasing Functions: Material Master 
     Define Shipping Instructions 
     Define Purchasing Value Keys 
     Define Manufacturer Part Profile 
     Define Reasons for Blocking Approved Manufacturer Part 
     Entry Aids for Items without a Material Master 
     Inventory Managed MPN 
          Define Manufacturer Part Profile 
          Change Characteristics of System Messages
Purchasing Functions: Vendor Master 
     Define Terms of Payment 
     Check Incoterms
     Define Text Types for Central Texts 
     Define Text Types for Purchasing Organization Texts 
     Info Record 
          Define Number Ranges 
          Define Screen Layout
          Maintain Inspection Certificate Categories 
          Define Price History 
          Maintain Search Helps
     Text for Info Records 
          Define Texts 
          Define Copying Rules
Source list 
     Define Source List Requirements at Plant Level 
     Maintain Search Helps
Quota Arrangement
     Define Number Ranges 
     Define Quota Arrangement Usage
RFQ/Quotation 
     Define Number Ranges 
     Define Document Types 
     Define Screen Layout at Document Level 
     Maintain Quotation Comments 
     Define Tolerance Limit for Archiving 
     Release Procedure for RFQ 
     Edit Characteristics 
     Edit Classes 
     Define Release Procedure for RFQs 
     Check Release Strategies 
     Texts for RFQ/Quotations 
     Define Text Types for Header Texts
     Define Copying Rules for Header Texts 
     Define Text Types for Item Texts 
     Define Copying Rules for Item Texts
Purchase Requisition 
     Define Number Ranges 
     Define Document Types 
     Purchase Processing Time
     Define Screen Layout at Document Level
     Define Tolerance Limit for Archiving
     Maintain Search Help
     Set Up Authorization Check for G/L Accounts 
     Release Procedure for PR 
          Set Up Release Procedure without Classification 
     Release Procedure with Classification for PR 
          Edit Characteristics 
          Edit Classes 
          Set Up Procedure with Classification 
          Check Release Strategies
Text for PR 
     Define Text Types 
     Define Copying Rules
Set Up Stock Transport Requisition 
     Create Checking Rules 
     Define Checking Rule 
     Assign Checking Rule
Purchase Order 
     Define Number Ranges 
     Define Document Types 
     Set Tolerance Limit for Price Variance 
     Define Screen Layout at Document Level 
     Define Tolerance Limit for Archiving 
     Set Up Subcontract Order 
     Define Reasons for Ordering 
     Define Reasons for Cancelling 
     Set Up Authorization Check for G/L Accounts 
     PO Release Procedure 
          Create Characteristics 
          Create Class 
          Define Release Procedure for POs 
          Check Release Strategies 
     Text for PO
          Define Text Types for Header Texts 
          Define Copying Rules for Header Texts 
          Define Text Types for Item Texts 
          Define Copying Rules for Item Texts 
     Set Up Stock Transport Order 
          Define Shipping Data for Plants 
          Create Checking Rules 
          Define Checking Rules 
          Assign Delivery Type and Checking Rules 
          Assign Document Type, One-step Procedure, under Delivery Tolerance 
          Define Requirement Profile 
          Activate Automatic Delivery Creation and Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Billing 
          Activate Automatic Delivery Creation for PO Type and Shipping Point
     Stock Transfer between Storage Locations 
          Activate Stock Transfer between Storage Locations 
          Assign Delivery Type and Checking Rule according to Storage Location 
          Define Shipping Data for Stock Transfer between Storage Locations 
     Invoice Plan 
          Maintain Data IDs 
          Maintain Date Proposal for Partial Invoice Plan 
          Define Rules for Date Determination 
          Define Invoice Blocking 
     Invoice Plan Type 
          Maintain Periodic Invoice Plan Types 
          Maintain Partial Invoice Plan Types 
     Date Categories 
          Maintain Date Categories for Invoice Plan Type 
          Define Default Date Categories for Invoice Plan Type
     Appointment (Door Usage) 
          Maintain Appointment (Door Usage) Profile 
          Assignment of Profile to Warehouse Number 
          Reasons for Date Variance 
     Returns Order 
          Returns to Vendor 
          Store Return/Return Plant to Plant 
     Progress Tracking 
          Define Standard Events 
          Define Event Scenarios 
          Maintain Relationship between Events in a Scenario 
          Assign Default Scenario to Material Group 
          Maintain Profiles for an Event 
          Define Progress Tracking Profile
          Define Status Info Types 
          Number Range Status Information 
          User-Defined Evaluation
     Empties Management 
          Activate Empties Management
Contract 
     Define Number Ranges 
     Define Document Types 
     Define Screen Layout at Document Level 
     Set Up Authorization Check for G/L Accounts 
     Release Procedure for Contract 
     Texts for Contract 
     Criteria for Archiving Contracts
Scheduling Agreement 
     Release Procedure for Scheduling Agreements 
     Texts for Scheduling Agreements 
     Criteria for Archiving Scheduling Agreements 
     Set Up Stock Transport Scheduling Agreement
Confirmations
     Define External Confirmation Categories 
     Define Internal Confirmation Categories 
     Set Up Confirmation Control 
     Set Up Quantity Difference Profiles (Automotive) 
     Define Packaging Material Type
Conditions 
     Define Condition Control at Plant Level 
     Automatic Document Adjustment 
          Define Extent of Change for Message Category CONDBI
          Activate Change Pointer for Message Category CONDBI 
     Control Document Adjustment 
          Control Purchasing Document Adjustment
     Define Price Determination Process 
          Define Access Sequences 
          Define Condition Types 
          Define Limits 
          Define Exclusion Indicators 
          Define Calculation Schema
          Define Schema Group 
          Define Schema Determination 
          Define Transaction/Event Keys 
          Define Condition Exclusion 
          Maintain Condition Table 
          Extend Field Catalogue for Condition Tables 
          Copy Control for Conditions 
     Scope of List for Conditions 
          Define Sequence 
          Define Scope of List Parameters 
          Assign to Conditions 
     Configure Condition Index 
          Change Condition Types 
          Define Permitted Fields 
          Edit Condition Index Tables 
          Activate Condition Index Tables 
          Rebuild Condition Index Tables 
          Define Overviews 
          Assign Overviews
Account Assignment 
     Maintain Account Assignment Categories 
     Define Combination of Item Categories/Account Assignment Categories 
     Set Subscreen for Account Assignment Block 
     Assign Default Values for Asset Classes
Statistics 
     Maintain Purchase Order History Categories 
     Define Update Groups 
     Assign Update Groups to Item Categories 
     Define Grid for Quantity Variances
     Define Grid for Delivery Date Variances
Messages 
     Assign Output Devices to Purchasing Groups 
     Fields Relevant to Printouts of Changes
Texts for Messages 
     Define Texts for RFQ 
     Define Texts for PO 
     Define Text for Contract 
     Define Texts for Scheduling Agreements 
     Define Text for Purchasing Organization 
     Define Change Texts
Forms for Messages
     Adjust Form for Purchasing Documents
     Assign Form and Output Program for RFQ 
     Assign Form and Output Program for PO
     Assign Form and Output Program for Contract 
     Assign Form and Output Program for Schedule Agreement Delivery
     Schedule
EDI for Messages 
     Set Up Partner Profile
     Profiles for Sending Stock/Sales Data
Output Control 
     Maintain Requirement for Message Control
Condition Tables 
     Define Condition Table for RFQ 
     Define Condition Table for Request for PO
     Define Condition Table for Request for Outline Agreement 
     Define Condition Table for Request for Schedule Agreement Release 
     Define Condition Table for Inbound Delivery
Access Sequence 
     Define Access Sequence for RFQ 
     Define Access Sequence for Request for PO 
     Define Access Sequence for Request for Outline Agreement 
     Define Access Sequence for Request for Schedule Agreement Release 
     Define Access Sequence for Inbound Delivery
Message Types 
     Define Message Types for RFQ 
     Define Message Types for Request for PO 
     Define Message Types for Request for Outline Agreement 
     Define Message Types for Request for Schedule Agreement Release 
     Define Output Types for Inbound Delivery
Message Determination Schema 
     Define Message Schemas for RFQ 
     Define Message Schemas for Request for PO 
     Define Message Schemas for Request for Outline Agreement
Define Message Schemas for Request for Scheduling Agreement Release 
     Define Message Schemas for Inbound Delivery
Partner Roles per Message Type 
     Define Partner Roles for RFQ 
     Define Partner Roles for Request for PO 
     Define Partner Roles for Request for Outline Agreement 
     Define Partner Roles for Request for Scheduling Agreement Release
     Define Partner Roles for Inbound Delivery
Source Determination 
     Define Regular Vendor 
     Define Supply Regions 
     Assign Plants to Supply Regions 
     Set Up Determination of Supplying Plant via Availability Check
Taxes 
     Set Tax Indicator for Material
     Set Tax Indicator for Plant 
     Set Tax Indicator for Account Assignment 
     Assign Tax Indicator for Plant 
     Assign Tax Indicator for Account Assignment
Subsequent Settlement 
     Define Number Ranges 
     Set Up Condition Techniques for Subsequent Settlement 
     Define Overview Condition for Subsequent Settlement 
     Control of the Subsequent Settlement Process 
     Maintain Company Code for Subsequent Settlement at Purchasing Organization Level 
     Maintain Residence Time for Archiving 
     Agreements 
          Maintain Calendar for Rebate Arrangements 
          Define Business Volume Tolerance Groups 
          Maintain User Groups and Assign Business Volume Tolerance Groups 
          Define Business Volume Comparison Type 
          Maintain Aggregation Level and Sort Sequence 
          Define Text Types 
          Define Rebate Agreement Types for Subsequent Settlement
Output Determination 
     Define Requirements
Assign Output Devices and Printer Parameters
Storing Printouts
Message Determination for Rebate Arrangement 
     Maintain Condition Tables 
     Maintain Message Types 
     Maintain Access Sequence 
     Assign Partner Roles to Message Types 
     Maintain Message Determination Schema
Message Determination for Settlement Run 
     Maintain Condition Tables 
     Maintain Message Types 
     Maintain Access Sequence 
     Assign Partner Roles to Message Type
Note

SAP MM Customizing—Inventory Management
Introduction
General Settings 
     Plant Parameters 
     Define Attributes of System Messages 
     Field Selection for Goods Movement Initial/Header Screens 
     Define Document Life
Number Assignment 
     Define Number Assignment for Accounting Document 
     Define Number Assignment for Material and Physical Inventory Documents 
     Define Number Assignment for Reservations 
     Define Number Assignment for Goods Receipts/Issue Slips
Goods Movement Settings 
     Field Selection for MIGO 
     Field Selection per Movement Type 
     Settings for Transactions and Reference Documents
Goods Issue/Transfer Posting
     Create Storage Location Automatically 
     Set Manual Account Assignment 
     Define Screen Layout 
     Maintain Copy Rules for Reference Documents 
     Set Up Dynamic Availability Check
     Generate Physical Inventory Documents for Goods Movements 
     Allow Negative Stocks
Goods Receipt 
     Set Tolerance Limits 
     Create Storage Location Automatically 
     Create PO Automatically 
     Set Manual Account Assignment 
     Define Screen Layout 
     Maintain Copy Rules for Reference Documents 
     Set Dynamic Availability Check 
     Set Delivery Completed Indicator 
     Set Missing Parts Check 
     For GR-based Invoice Ver. Reversal of GR Despite Invoice 
     Set Expiration Date Check
     Price Differences for Subcontract Order at Goods Receipt 
     Activate Storage of Incoming Documents
Movement and Movement Types
     Create Storage Location Automatically 
     Set Manual Account Assignment
     Define Screen Layout 
     Generate Physical Inventory Documents for Goods Movements 
     Set Missing Parts Check 
     Set Expiration Date Check
Reservation 
     Define Default Values 
     Maintain Copy Rules for Reference Documents 
     Set Dynamic Availability Check
Physical Inventory 
     Field Selection for Physical Inventory 
     Default Values for Physical Inventory
     Settings for Physical Inventory
     Default Values for Batch Input 
     Maintain Copy Rules for Reference Documents 
     Allow Freezing of Book Inventory Balance in Storage Location 
     Define Tolerances for Physical Inventory Differences 
          Activities 
     Cycle Counting 
     Activate Distribution of Consumption Differences
Inventory Sampling 
     Create Inventory Sampling Profiles 
     Define Stock Management Levels 
     Define Stock Management Level in WMS
Movement Types
     Record Reason for Goods Movements 
     Copy Change Movement Type 
     Set Subscreen for Account Assignment (Coding) Block
Stock Determination 
     Define Strategies for Stock Determination
Stock Overview 
     Inventory Management 
     Production Order 
     Repetitive Manufacturing 
     Pull List 
     KANBAN 
     Delivery 
     Warehouse Management
Reporting
     Define Stock List Display 
     Define Field Selection for Material Document List
     Set Up Print Functions for Reporting 
     Group Movement Type for Stock List
Account Assignment and Valuation
     Define Price Control for Movement Type 
     Configure Price Change in Previous Period 
     Configure Dynamic Price Changes 
     Reasons for Price Changes 
     Set Up Material Price Dispatch 
     Define Document Type and Number Ranges for Price Change 
     Define Document Type and Number Ranges for Material Debit 
     Maintain Number Ranges for Material Ledger Documents 
     Split Valuation 
     Activate Split Valuation 
     Configure Split Valuation 
     Account Determination 
          Account Determination Wizard 
          Account Determination without Wizard 
     Define Valuation Control
     Group Together Valuation Areas 
     Define Valuation Classes 
     Define Account Grouping for Movement Types 
     Configure Automatic Postings

Business Scenarios
Introduction
Standard and Customized Business Scenarios 
     Complete Procurement Process 
     Inventory Management Cycle
Consignment Cycle 
     Customization, Configuration, and Master Data Setup 
     Process Demonstration
Subcontracting Cycle 
     Customizing Settings
          Calculation Schema 
          Document Type
          Master Data Setting 
          Info Record 
     Testing the Subcontracting Cycle
Pipeline Process
Intercompany Transfer 
     Master Data Setting 
          Sales Area 
          Document Type
          Bill-to Partner 
          Vendor 
          Tax Code and Tax Rate 
          Program Parameters for Invoice Verification 
     Partner Profile for Bill-to and Vendor Partner and Inbound Parameters 
     Billing Document 
     Invoice Document

Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Ashfaque Ahmed obtained his bachelor of engineering degree from the National Institute of Technology, Raipur, India, in 1988 and his MBA in marketing management from Indira Gandhi National Open University in 1997. He has more than 25 years of experience in the field, including in the steel industry and software application development. He started his career as a management trainee in Steel Authority of India Limited, the largest company in the steel industry in India. He learned production management, inventory management, and marketing management in the Indian steel industry. Later he moved to software industry as a programmer analyst and worked for a Canadian software company based in Montreal. In the software industry, he learned about software programming and how software helps run a brick-and-mortar business. Then he moved to software testing and worked as software testing manager and software project manager.

In 2005, he learned SAP materials management (SAP MM) module and became a SAP MM consultant. Since then, he has been working with Global Steel Holdings Limited and SAP Nigeria for implementing SAP solutions for their customers. In his career as SAP MM consultant, he has worked on some challenging assignments that involve the implementation of variants of standard business scenarios in the context of local country-specific customizations of SAP MM features.

Featured Author Profiles

Author - Ashfaque  Ahmed
Author

Ashfaque Ahmed

Partner, SCM Consulting
Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India

Learn more about Ashfaque Ahmed »