The rising cost of illness and disability benefits are one of today’s biggest social and labour market challenges. The promise of activation-oriented work disability policies was labour market engagement for all people, regardless of illness, injury or impairment. However, the reality has been more complex.
The Science and Politics of Work Disability Policy addresses social and political economic contexts driving state work disability reform in 13 countries. In this first attempt to explain the history and future of work disability policy, this book asks new questions about work disability policy design, focus, and effects. It details how work disability policies have evolved with jurisdictions, why these take their current shape, and where they are heading. The well positioned authors draw on their insider knowledge and expertise in law, medicine, and social science to provide detailed case studies of their jurisdictions.
This pathbreaking volume will be of interest to social security system policy makers, scholars, and students in the health and social sciences.
Table of Contents
I. LIST OF BOXES, FIGURES, & TABLES
II. LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
PART 1: WORK DISABILITY POLICY CONTEXT
Chapter 1. Work Disability Policy: Current Challenges and New Questions
Chapter 2. Reflections on The Sherbrooke Model and the Way Forward for Work Disability Prevention Patrick Loisel
PART 2: CAUSE-BASED SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS
Chapter 3. Work Disability in the United States: A Fragmented System
Chapter 4. Strengths and Weaknesses of Regulatory Systems Designed to Prevent Work Disability After Injury or Illness: An Overview of Mechanisms in a Selection of Canadians Compensation Systems
Chapter 5. The Australian Work Disability Patchwork
Chapter 6. The New Zealand Universal Accident Scheme: Problems Solved and New Challenges
Chapter 7. An Overview of Work Disability Policies in China
PART 3: COMPREHENSIVE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS
Chapter 8. Reforming Activation in Swedish Work Disability Policy
Christian Ståhl & Ida Seing
Chapter 9. Work-Disability Prevention in Finland: Promoting Work Ability through Occupational Health Collaboration
Chapter 10. Work Disability Prevention in France: Organizational and Political Challenges
Jean Baptiste Fassier
Chapter 11. Work Disability Policy in Germany – Experiences of Collective and Individual Participation and Cooperation
Chapter 12. Keeping People at Work: New Work Disability Prevention Measures in Switzerland
Chapter 13. Disability Prevention Policies in Belgium: Navigating between Scientific and Socioeconomic Influences
Chapter 14. Work Disability Prevention in the Netherlands: A Key Role for Employers
Chapter 15. The Rise and Fall of Income Replacement Disability Benefit Receipt in the United Kingdom: What are the Consequences of Reforms?
Ben Barr & Philip McHale
PART 4: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR WORK DISABILITY POLICY
Chapter 16. Science, Politics and Values in Work Disability Policy: A Reflection on trends and The Way Forward
Ellen MacEachen & Kerstin Ekberg
Ellen MacEachen, PhD, is Associate Professor and Associate Director of the Research Graduate Program with the School of Public Health and Health Systems at the University of Waterloo. She is cofounder of the Centre for Research on Work Disability Policy, an associate editor with the Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, former president of the Canadian Association for Research on Work and Health, and was a leader and mentor in the CIHR-funded Work Disability Prevention Strategic Training Programme led by Dr. Patrick Loisel between 2002 and 2015. Her research examines the design and performance of work and health systems to identify how they can be improved and adapted to economic, social, and technological environments of the global economy. She is particularly interested in international work disability policy, precarious employment, and digitalized work.