Mineral scale deposits, corrosion, suspended matter, and microbiological growth are factors that must be controlled in industrial water systems. Research on understanding the mechanisms of these problems has attracted considerable attention in the past three decades as has progress concerning water treatment additives to ameliorate these concerns. The Science and Technology of Industrial Water Treatment provides a comprehensive discussion on the topic from specialists in industry and academia.
The book begins with an overview of water chemistry and covers the characteristics of commonly encountered mineral scales. It addresses the formation and control of different scales in various systems and examines new developments in membrane-based separation processes. Next, it provides a detailed account on the operational challenges of reverse osmosis systems and scale control in thermal distillation processes. The text explores corrosion control in cooling, boiler, geothermal, and desalination systems and it discusses the interactions of polyelectrolytes with suspended matter.
Includes coverage of a range of bacterial species, including Legionella
The book examines bacterial species commonly encountered in water supplies, the mechanisms of biofouling, approaches to control it, and criteria for selecting biocides for water treatment applications. An entire chapter is devoted to Legionella in water systems. Contributors describe various analytical techniques for identifying mineral scales and deposits. They also examine applications of polymers for treating industrial and wastewater systems and give an account of analytical approaches for monitoring various operational parameters and chemicals used to treat industrial water systems.
A valuable addition to the library of academic researchers, this volume will also prove useful to those working not only in the water treatment industry, but also to those in petroleum, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and other areas where purity processes are a significant concern.
Table of Contents
Mineral Scales and Deposits: An Overview; Z. Amjad and P. G. Koutsoukos
Crystal Growth Inhibition of Calcium Sulfate and Calcium Oxalates in Aqueous Systems; M. Oner
Calcium Carbonate Scale Control in Industrial Water Systems; P. G. Koutsoukos
Calcium Carbonate: Polymorph Stabilization in the Presence of Inhibitors; P. G. Koutsoukos and T. Chen
Scale and Deposit Control Polymers for Industrial Water Treatment; R. W. Zuhl and Z. Amjad
New Models for Calcium Phosphate Scale Formation and Dissolution; L. Wang, P. P. Emmerling, Z. J. Henneman, and G. H. Nancollas
Design and Applications of Cooling Water Treatment Programs; L. A. Perez, G. E. Geiger, and C. R. Ascolese
Latest Developments in Scale Control in Oilfield; M. Yuan
Control of Silica Scaling in Geothermal Systems Using Silica Inhibitors, Chemical Treatment, and Process Engineering; D. L. Gallup and P. N. Hirtz
Recent Developments in Controlling Silica and Magnesium Silicate Foulants in Industrial Water Systems; K. D. Demadis
Phosphate Containing Scale Formation in Wastewater; P. G. Koutsoukos and A. N. Kofina
New Developments in Membrane-Based Processes for Industrial Applications; P. S. Cartwright
Reverse Osmosis Membrane Fouling Control; J. Kucera
Scale Formation and Control in Thermal Desalination Systems; F. Rahman and Z. Amjad
Boiler Water Treatment; B. T. Ketrick Sr.
Corrosion Control in Industrial Water Systems; M. J. Esmacher
Interactions of Polyelectrolytes with Particulate Matter in Aqueous Systems; P. Somasundaran and V. Runkana
Mechanistic Aspects of Heat Exchanger and Membrane Biofouling and Prevention; L. F. Melo and H.-C. Flemming
Biocides: Selection and Application; C. J. Nalepa and T. M. Williams
Legionella in Water Systems; Y. E. Lin
Analytical Techniques for Identifying Mineral Scales and Deposits; V. P. Woodward, R. C. Williams, and Z. Amjad
Deposit Control Polymers: Types, Characterization, and Applications; Z. Amjad, R. W. Zuhl, and S. Huang
Applications of Cationic Polymers in Water Treatment; L. A. Jackson
Recent Development in Water Treatment Chemicals Monitoring; V. Malkov and P. Kiser
Zahid Amjad received his MSc in chemistry from Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan, and his PhD in chemistry from Glasgow University in Scotland. Dr. Amjad was a lecturer at the Institute of Chemistry, Punjab University, and an assistant research professor at the State University of New York at Buffalo. He began his professional career as an R&D scientist. During his more than 30 years at Calgon Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and The Lubrizol Corporation, Wickliffe, Ohio (formerly BFGoodrich Performance Materials), he has worked in various fields including cosmetics, home care, oral care, pharmaceuticals, water treatment, and related areas. His areas of research include the development and application of water soluble/swellable polymers, inhibition of mineral scale formation, water purification, and interactions of polymers with different substrates (i.e., heat exchanger, membrane, tooth enamel, hair, fabric, pigments). He has published over 140 technical papers, holds 30 patents, and has edited 5 books. He was inducted into the National Hall of Corporate Inventors and is listed in American Men and Women of Sciences, Who’s Who in Technology, and Who’s Who of American Inventors. Dr. Amjad was the 2002 recipient of the Association of Water Technologies’ Ray Baum Memorial Water Technologist of the Year award. He is currently a technical consultant to Lubrizol Advanced Materials, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, and the owner of Aqua Science and Technology LLC, Columbus, Ohio, which provides consulting services for industrial water treatment, separation processes, and related technologies.