The Science of Renewable Energy: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Science of Renewable Energy

2nd Edition

By Frank R. Spellman

CRC Press

559 pages | 226 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781498760478
pub: 2016-06-14
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pub: 2016-07-06
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Description

Latest Edition Explores Fresh, New Alternatives to Fossil Fuels

The Science of Renewable Energy, Second Edition takes a look at ways to produce sustainable and reliable energy sources and presents practical examples along with scientific methods, models, observations, and tools. Developed by esteemed author Frank R. Spellman, this book includes input from industry experts offering guidance and direction on obtaining self-replenishing energy from natural processes. The book focuses on the various forms of renewable energy derived from natural processes that are constantly replenished: solar energy, wind energy, ocean energy, wave energy, tidal energy, geothermal energy, biomass energy, hydropower energy, biofuels, and hydrogen fuel cells.

New in the Second Edition:

  • Updates each chapter with current information including the latest innovations
  • Elaborates on energy basics
  • Adds important energy parameters dealing with both fossil fuel supplies and renewable resources (energy units as they apply to fossil fuel energy and renewable energy)
  • Expands each chapter to include both the pros and cons of renewable energy production and use

The Science of Renewable Energy, Second Edition focuses on the production of clean and efficient energy sources and serves as a reference to undergraduates in renewable energy courses as well as non-specialists within the energy industries.

Reviews

"… essential for anyone wishing to explore the renewable energy world."

—Tom Hersh, Golden West College, Huntington Beach, California, USA

"… covers the most important aspects of renewable energy concepts… The environmental issues discussed at the end of each chapter add value to the subject. … shows how it is linked to environment ranging from resource existence, extraction/conversion, generation, delivery, use and exhaustion. The questions added at the end of each chapter are commendable as they help the reader to practice and test his/her understanding of the chapters."

—Al-Mas Sendegeya, Polytech of Namibia

"Dr. Spellman provides a passionate but grounded argument for the need for renewable energy options. This textbook provides many in-depth examples of real-world applications and calculations that can be adapted for various teaching purposes. The background material and questions in each chapter are relevant and compelling, guiding readers to grasp important concepts presented…includes in-depth discussions of the current oil-centric economy and a robust review of the peak oil economic scenario."

—Adam Kankiewicz, Solar Energy Scientist

"This is an outstanding book and deserves to be a standard text book. I hope, all those who are teaching courses on ‘renewable energy’ will treasure this book. I also believe, the book will appeal to any general reader who wishes to improve the understanding of the complex, fascinating and increasingly-important subject of renewable energy."

— Pulak Kumar Patra, Visva-Bharati University, West Bengal, India

"The book is written in easy-to-read style and will serve as a reference to undergraduates in renewable energy courses as well as non-specialists within the various energy industries. The author succeeds in achieving the goals of the book and it should find a ready audience among fossil fuel enthusiasts and renewable energy enthusiasts."

Energy Sources Part A, September 2016

Table of Contents

Post-Oil Energy

The Gathering Storm

Peak Oil

A Malthusian Catastrophe?

Weathering the Storm

Alternative and Renewable Energy

Future of Renewable Energy and Employment in the Renewable Energy Field

Bottom Line: The Need for Innovation

Discussion and Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Energy Basics

Renewable Energy: Perspective on Energy

Energy

Measuring Energy

Units, Standards of Measurement, and Conversions

Clean Energy Parameters and Calculations

Discussion and Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Principles of Basic Electricity

Introduction

Basic Electrical Principles

Battery-Supplied Electricity

DC Circuits

Ohm’s Law

Electric Power

Electric Energy

Series DC Circuit Characteristics

Parallel DC Circuits

Series–Parallel Circuits

Conductors

Electromagnetism

AC Theory

Characteristic Values of AC Voltage and Current

Resistance in AC Circuits

Inductance

Capacitance

Inductive and Capacitive Reactance

AC Circuit Theory

Generators

Electric Motors

Transformers

Power Distribution System Protection

Electrical Drawings

Discussion and Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Solar Energy

Introduction

Solar Historical Timeline

Concentrating Solar Power

Photovoltaics

Domestic and Industrial Use of Solar Energy

Let There Be Natural Light

Other Solar Energy Applications

Environmental Impacts of Solar Energy

Ecological Impacts of Solar Energy

Solar Energy Job Hazards

Future Direction for Solar Energy

Bottom Line on Solar Energy

Discussion and Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Wind Energy

Introduction

Key Terms for Wind Energy Development

Air in Motion

Wind Energy

Wind Power Basics

Wind Turbine Types

Wind Turbine Components

Wind Energy and Power Calculations

Small-Scale Wind Power

Environmental Impacts of Wind Power

Wind Energy Construction Impacts

Wind Energy Operations Impacts

Wind Energy Impacts on Wildlife

Wind Energy Impacts on Human Health

Power Transmission Lines

Wind Turbine Operations and Maintenance Personnel Safety Concerns

Bottom Line on Wind Power

Discussion and Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Hydropower

Introduction

Key Terms

Hydropower Basic Concepts

Reservoir Stored Energy

Water Turbines

Advanced Hydropower Technology

Environmental and Ecological Impacts of Hydropower

Biological Impacts of Flow Fluctuations

Low Water Levels and Evaporation of Reservoirs

Hydropower Security

Impacts on Human Health and Safety

Bottom Line on Hydropower

Discussion and Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Bioenergy

Introduction

Key Terms

Biomass

Plant Basics

Feedstocks

Biothanol Production by Dry Corn Mill Process

Biomass for Biopower

Biomass for Bioproducts

Biodiesel

Biogas (Methane)

Environmental Impacts of Biomass Energy Generation

Biomass Feedstock Production Impacts

Impacts on Human Health and Safety

Bottom Line on Biofuels

Discussion and Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Geothermal Energy

Introduction

Geothermal Energy: The Basics

Energy Conversion

Geothermal Power Plant Technologies

Enhanced Geothermal Systems

Geothermal Heat Pumps

Environmental Impacts of Geothermal Power Development

Impacts on Human Health and Safety

Geothermal Energy: The Bottom Line

Discussion and Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Blue Energy

Introduction

Oceans and Their Margins

Ocean Floor

Ocean Tides, Currents, and Waves

Coastal Erosion, Transportation, and Deposition

Wave Energy

Wave Energy Conversion Technology

Tidal Energy

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion

Ocean Energy Environmental Impacts

Environmental Impacts of Hydrokinetic Energy

Blue Energy: The Bottom Line

Discussion and Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Fuel Cells

Introduction

Hydrogen Fuel Cells

Hydrogen Storage

How a Hydrogen Fuel Cell Works

Properties of Hydrogen

Other Types of Fuel Cells

Environmental Impacts of Fuel Cells

Discussion and Review Question

References and Recommended Reading

Carbon Capture and Sequestration

Introduction to Carbon Capture and Sequestration

Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration

Geologic Carbon Sequestration

Potential Impacts of Terrestrial Sequestration

Potential Impacts of Geologic Sequestration

Impacts on Human Health and Safety

Discussion and Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Afterword: Is it the Beginning of the End or the Beginning of the Beginning?

Glossary

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI024000
SCIENCE / Energy
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC031010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Alternative & Renewable
TEC031030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels