The Secret War Against Sweden: US and British Submarine Deception in the 1980s, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Secret War Against Sweden

US and British Submarine Deception in the 1980s, 1st Edition

By Ola Tunander


392 pages

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pub: 2004-07-29
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Following the stranding of a Soviet Whiskey-class submarine in 1981 on the Swedish archipelago, a series of massive submarine intrusions took place within Swedish waters.

However, the evidence for these appears to have been manipulated or simply invented. Classified documents and interviews point to covert Western, rather than Soviet activity. This is backed up by former US Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger, who stated that Western "testing" operations were carried out regularly in Swedish waters. Royal Navy submarine captains have also admitted to top-secret operations.

Ola Tunander's revelations make it clear that the United States and Britain ran a "secret war" in Swedish waters. The number of Swedes perceiving the Soviet Union as a direct threat increased from 5-10 per cent in 1980 to 45 per cent in 1983. This Anglo-American "secret war" was aimed at exerting political influence over Sweden. It was a risky enterprise, but perhaps the most successful covert operation of the entire Cold War.


‘This book does provide important insights into possible cover-ups and obfuscation by the Swedish military.’The Mariner’s Mirror

Table of Contents

Preface Acknowledgements 1. Introduction 2. Background: Operation NOTVARP 3. The Hårsfjärden Hunt: A War Diary 4. Reflections after the Submarine Hunt 5. Manipulation of Government Policy 6. The National Origin of the Hårsfjärden Submarine 7. Submarine Ghosts and Psychological Warfare Against Sweden Appendix I: Sources - Archival Material and Interviews Appendix II: Interview with Caspar Weinberger Appendix III: Swedish Naval Forces Mentioned in Chapter 3 References

About the Series

Cass Series: Naval Policy and History

This series consists primarily of original manuscripts by research scholars in the general area of naval policy and history, without national or chronological limitations. 

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / Military / General
HISTORY / Military / Naval