This volume is a study of Fascism in its country of origin, Italy. It describes the impact of a new type of political movement on Italian government and society. The Fascist seizure of power did not begin or end with Mussolini's famous March on Rome in 1922; it was achieved rather by gradual subversion of the liberal order, which involved not only the destruction of all political opposition but also the creation of new institutions designed to control economic and cultural life. A classic work of wide-ranging scholarship, this book is here republished with a new preface by the author and will be essential reading for all students of Fascism and international history.
1. Introduction 2. The Crisis of the Liberal State 3. The Rise of the Fascist Movement 4. The March on Rome 5. Mussolini and his Allies 6. Normalization 7. The Party and the State (I) 8. The Party and the State (II) 9. Employers and Unions 10. The Matteotti Crisis 11. The Defeat of the Party 12. The Origins of the Corporate State 13. The Fascist Economy 14. Ideology and Culture 15. Propaganda and Education 16. The Regime 17. Afterword