288 pages | 12 B/W Illus.
Selecting candidates for elections is a major goal of political parties and a major function of political regimes in democratic systems. With the negative effects of the economic crisis being seen to translate into changes in voting patterns, and citizens using elections to punish parties in government for their roles in economic mismanagement or lack of response to the global economic crisis, a broad examination is required.
This book is presented as the first comparative study of the effects of the political crisis on candidate selection covering a large number of countries. Using an integrated framework and unified strategy, it examines how new relevant political actors are really implementing participative ways of candidate selection, whether they are being innovative in their political environments and the extent to which traditionally mainstream parties are changing selection procedures to have more open and inclusive mechanisms as part of internal, or intra-party, democracy. The book illuminates these issues through empirically driven chapters explaining changes in the way candidates for parliaments are selected in countries where new parties have emerged and consolidated, or where traditional mainstream parties have adopted new mechanisms of selection affecting (if not challenging) traditional politics. Additionally, therefore, this work will serve as a response to some current debates in the discipline on the consequences of the democratization of party life, relating political participation and representation.
This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of political parties, organizational change, social and political elites and more broadly to comparative politics and sociology.
1. Economic Crisis and the Selection of Candidates
[Xavier Coller, Guillermo Cordero, and Antonio M. Jaime-Castillo]
2. Political Crisis and its Effect on Candidate Selection
3. Austria: Tradition and Innovation in Legislative Candidate Selection
4. The Curious Stability of Candidate Selection Methods in Belgium in Times of Crisis
[Audrey Vandeleene and Lieven De Winter]
5. Leader as a Focal Point: New Political Entrepreneurs and Candidate Selection in the Czech Republic
[Vít Hloušek and Lubomír Kopeček]
6. Contagion Effects by the AfD? Candidate Selection in Germany
7. New Actors, Old Practices? Candidate Selection and Recruitment Patterns in Greece
8. Representation in Crisis: The Icelandic Case
[Gunnar Helgi Kristinsson and Eva H. Önnudóttir]
9. Candidate Selection in Ireland: New Parties and Candidate Diversity
10. The Hurricane in Parliament: M5s and its MPs, Selection Procedures, Profiles and Legislative Behavior
[Antonella Seddone and Stefano Rombi]
11: New Political Parties in Latin America: A New Way of Selection and New Elite Profiles?
[Mélany Barragán and Asbel Bohigues]
12. Party-protective Institutions and Candidate Selection for Mexico’s Chamber of Deputies
13. The Limits of Party Change: Candidate Selection in Portugal in the Age of Crisis
14. New Parties and New Ways of Candidate Selection in Spain
[Antonio M. Jaime-Castillo, Xavier Coller, and Guillermo Cordero]
15. US Politics in a Post Crisis Era: Populism, Polarization and Candidate Selection
16. The Effects of the Great Recession on Candidate Selection in America and Europe
[Guillermo Cordero, Xavier Coller and Antonio M. Jaime-Castillo]
All political systems are governed by ruling elites – presidents, prime ministers, ministers, civil servants, judges, mayors and councillors all play important roles in running our lives, while beyond the state people are picked to run international organizations. Social elites, such as global business or media tycoons, religious or ethnic leaders, play a major role influencing public policy. The books in this series examine all such political and social elites within local, national and international arenas. We are interested in theoretical and empirical analyses of elites. Whilst elites have been studied in the past, modern computing and electronic data-collection facilities mean that for the first time comprehensive information on the personal characteristics of elites, including factors such as birthplace, age, and social and educational background, can relatively easily be gathered. We can explore the ways in which people enter the elite, the networks they form and the policies they effect. Modern techniques open up exciting opportunities to examine our governors, their actions and interactions in more detail than ever before.