The 'Small Landscape' Prints in Early Modern Netherlands  book cover
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The 'Small Landscape' Prints in Early Modern Netherlands





ISBN 9781472488947
Published December 13, 2017 by Routledge
270 Pages

 
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Book Description

In 1559 and 1561, the Antwerp print publisher Hieronymus Cock issued an unprecedented series of landscape prints known today simply as the Small Landscapes. The forty-four prints included in the series offer views of the local countryside surrounding Antwerp in simple, unembellished compositions. At a time when vast panoramic and allegorical landscapes dominated the art market, the Small Landscapes represent a striking innovation. This book offers the first comprehensive analysis of the significance of the Small Landscapes in early modern print culture. It charts a diachronic history of the series over the century it was in active circulation, from 1559 to the middle of the seventeenth century. Adopting the lifespan of the prints as the framework of the study, Alexandra Onuf analyzes the successive states of the plates and the changes to the series as a whole in order to reveal the shifting artistic and contextual valences of the images at their different moments and places of publication. This unique case study allows for a new perspective on the trajectory of print publishing over the course of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries across multiple publishing houses, highlighting the seminal importance of print publishers in the creation and dissemination of visual imagery and cultural ideas. Looking at other visual materials and contemporary sources – including texts as diverse as humanist poetry and plays, agricultural manuals, polemical broadsheets, and peasant songs – Onuf situates the Small Landscapes within the larger cultural discourse on rural land and the meaning of the local in the turbulent early modern Netherlands. The study focuses new attention on the active and reciprocal intersections between printed pictures and broader cultural, economic and political phenomena.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents





Cover Image



List of Color Plates



List of Figures



List of Abbreviations



List of Permissions



Acknowledgments





Introduction: Reading the Small Landscapes





1. Publication



Drawings into Prints



The Small Landscape Prints



"Gheconterfeyt naer dleven": Pictorial Truth and the Small Landscapes



The Cartographic Connection



The Landscapes of Hieronymus Cock



Ruined Landscapes



World Landscapes in Print



Landscapes after Pieter Bruegel and Hans Bol



Hieronymus Cock and Varietas in Landscape



Innovation in the Small Landscapes





2. Reception



Cock’s Elite Patrons and Supporters



Audiences for the Small Landscapes at Home and Abroad



Antwerp’s Hinterlands



Urban Ties to Rural Property



The Speelhuis Phenomenon



Praise of the Country House and the Country Life



The Landjuweel of 1561: Propaganda and the Popular Perception of Country Life



Rural Countryside as Cultural Ideal





3. Repetition



Antwerp, Crisis and Recovery



Philips Galle’s 1601 edition of the Small Landscapes



Theodoor Galle’s Third Edition of the Small Landscapes



"In Pictorum Gratiam": The Small Landscapes as Models for Painters in Antwerp



Prints and Painters I: Abel Grimmer



Prints and Painters II: Pieter Brueghel the Younger



The Small Landscapes Renewed and The Local Landscape Recast





4. Migration



Claes Visscher at the Sign of the Fisher



Visscher’s Copies of the Small Landscapes



Picturing Brabant in Amsterdam



Brabant and Holland: Visscher’s Visual Analogy





5. Transformation



Johannes Galle and the Business of Reproductive Print Publishing



Old Landscapes in a New Style



Importing Narrative into Landscape



Landscapes of their Time: The End of the Twelve Years’ Truce



The Small Landscapes Redux





Appendix I: Grouping of the 1559 and 1561 Small Landscapes series





Appendix II: Concordance of editions of the Small Landscapes





Bibliography





Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Alexandra Onuf is Assistant Professor of Art History at the University of Hartford, USA.