Kenya’s 2007 General Election results announcement precipitated the worst ethnic conflict in the country’s history; 1,133 people were killed, while 600,000 were internally displaced. Within 2 months, the incumbent and the challenger had agreed to a power-sharing agreement and a Government of National Unity.
This book investigates the role of socio-cultural origins of ethnic conflict during electoral periods in Kenya beginning with the multi-party era of democratization and the first multi-party elections of 1992, illustrating how ethnic groups construct their interests and cooperate (or fail to) based on shared traits. The author demonstrates that socio-cultural traditions have led to the collaboration (and frequent conflict) between the Kikuyu and Kalenjin that has dominated power and politics in independent Kenya. The author goes onto evaluate the possibility of peace for future elections.
This book will be of interest to scholars of African democracy, Kenyan history and politics, and ethnic conflict.
Chapter 1: A Brief History of Kenya: From Colony to Independence
Chapter 2: Post-Independence, Succession, Autocracy and Global Geopolitics
Chapter 3: Democracy, Our Way, and Multiparty Politics
Chapter 4: Change to Believe in: New Beginnings
Chapter 5: Reconfiguring the Politiscape: Return of History and the End of Hope
Chapter 6: Resolving Kenya’s Complex Socio-Historical Contestations
Chapter 7: Contemporary Kenya: First Half Century and Opportunities
Chapter 8: Concluding thoughts: 2017, Lessons of 2007, 2010 and 2013