1st Edition

The Socioecology of Adult Female Patas Monkeys and Vervets in Kenya

ISBN 9780131927872
Published February 27, 2008 by Routledge
192 Pages

USD $49.95

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Book Description

For upper-level and/or graduate level Primatology or Biological Anthropology courses.
Socioecology of Adult Female Patas Monkeys and Vervet in Kenya, East Africa provides students with a glimpse into a research project from start to finish.  It discusses basic issues of studying primates and explores one of the major theories that has defined primatology for several decades. This text not only contributes detail on primate behavior, but also on the ecological variables that influence primate behavior.  These are often difficult to measure, but the unique environment at the study site enabled the author to address questions that are much more difficult to answer elsewhere.

Table of Contents

CH. 1:  The Research Question
Study species — Vervets and patas monkeys
Questions and hypotheses
Socioecological theory - Food resources and primate behavior
    Scramble and contest competition
    Social dominance
    Models of female social relationships
Testing the models on Segera: A natural ecological experiment
    Holding habitat constant
    Other factors affecting female social behavior
    Project goals revisited
Study groups
Study subjects
CH. 2.  Measuring primate behavior and ecology
“Measuring” ecology
Measuring food availability
    Commonly used methods
    Primates’ perceptions of the foods available to them
Clumped resources and contest competition
CH. 3: Foods available to vervet and patas monkeys
Hypotheses and predictions
Defining a food patch
Measuring food availability
    Large-scale food availability
    Small-scale food availability
    Swollen thorn foods
    Foods in the riverine habitat
Herbaceous level food availability
Food availability on Segera
CH. 4: Feeding behavior of vervets and patas monkeys
Studying the feeding behavior of sympatric species
    Vervets and patas monkeys: Expected differences and similarities
    Whistling-thorn Acacia: Why focus on one food species?
Feeding behavior
    Continuous sampling
    Bout sampling 
    Rank-related differences in feeding behavior
    Patch depletion
Monkeys, Acacia, and ants
    Species differences
    Within-species differences according to rank
CH. 5: Contest competition and dominance in vervets
The concept of dominance
Testing hypotheses
Results: Contest competition and dominance in vervets
Dominance patterns and feeding competition in vervets
The significance of dominance to vervets
    Dominance style in Segera vervets
    “Typical” cercopithecines?
     Why a stable, linear dominance hierarchy on Segera?
CH. 6: Comparing vervet and patas monkeys in the same habitat.
Questions and Predictions
Agonistic and dominance behavior
    Food contestability in vervets and patas monkeys
    Dominance in adult females
    Feeding competition and whistling-thorn foods
Significance of feeding competition to vervet and patas monkeys
CH. 7:  Food availability, feeding competition and dominance in vervet and patas monkeys.
Female contest competition and dominance in vervets and patas monkeys on Segera
How do the models rate?
Summary and implications for future research

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Dr. Jill Pruetz is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Iowa State University, specializing in  Biological Anthropology. As a primatologist, Dr. Pruetz has studied the behavior of non-human primates such as chimpanzees, spider monkeys, howling  monkeys, tamarins, patas monkeys, and vervets in various locales. Countries in which she has conducted fieldwork include Peru, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Kenya, and Senegal. Dr. Pruetz is especially interested in the influence of ecology on primate and early human feeding, ranging, and social behavior. She currently has a research project in southeastern Senegal which has been funded by National Geographic Society and the National Science Foundation.