The economic system of the Soviet Union is of vital interest not merely because the USSR is a world superpower but also because the Soviets offer their economic development strategy and system as a model to Third World nations seeking rapid development and social change. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the evolution and operation of the Soviet economy, its external economic relations, and the challenges it faces in the next decade. The selections describe the nature and difficulties of Soviet economic planning and the wide range of legal and illegal unplanned activities in the Soviet economy today. They examine also the involvement of citizens as both producers and consumers. The closing section looks at prospects for the future in the areas of agriculture, energy, and technological development.
Table of Contents
Preface -- The Planned and Unplanned Economies -- Economic Planning in the USSR -- Plan Execution and the Workability of Soviet Planning -- Market and Plan, Plan and Market: The Soviet Case -- The “Second Economy” of the USSR -- The Soviet Citizen as Worker, Farmer, and Consumer -- Labor Turnover in the Soviet Union -- The Female Industrial Labor Force: Dilemmas, Reassessments, and Options -- The Rural Exodus -- Soviet Consumer Policy: Trends and Prospects -- Foreign Economic Relations -- East-West Economic Relations and Soviet-East European Economic Relations -- Foreign Economic Constraints on Soviet Economic Policy in the 1980s -- U.S.-Soviet Commercial Relations Since 1972 -- Soviet Military and Economic Aid to the Less Developed Countries, 1954-78 -- Problems and Prospects -- The Prospects for Soviet Agriculture -- The Prospects for Technological Progress -- An Energy Crunch Ahead in the Soviet Union? -- Soviet Economic Problems and Alternative Policy Responses
Morris Bornstein is professor of economics at the University of Michigan and a former director of its Center for Russian and East European Studies. He has been a consultant to government agencies and foundations and has served on the executive committees of the Council for European Studies and the Association for Comparative Economic Studies and on the American Council of Learned Societies-Social Science Research Council Joint Committee on Eastern Europe. His publications include Plan and Market (1973), Economic Planning, East and West (1975), Comparative Economic Systems (4th edition, 1979), East-West Relations and the Future of Eastern Europe (1981), and many articles in economic journals and chapters in collective volumes.