The State, Class and Developmentalism in South Korea
Development as Fetish
This book problematises the statist underpinnings of the concept of the ‘developmental state,’ in terms of both state–society and national–global relations, challenging the notion that the state is the agent of national development qua being autonomous from the domestic and global economies.
Presenting a thorough and comprehensive critical assessment of the extant approaches and theories of the Korean developmental state in particular, this book demonstrates that the existing literature, including Marxist critiques, only inadequately and partially challenge statism. It examines how statism reinforces and is reinforced by ‘Third World Developmentalism’, the idea that ‘development’ is in itself a positive goal and that a nationally autonomous mode of development should be promoted as a means of empowerment. In opposition, this book offers a critique of statism by constructing an alternative theoretical framework, extending Marx’s concept of commodity fetishism to state–society and national–global relations.
Drawing on a new theoretical framework and significant Korean literature, The State, Class and Developmentalism in South Korea offers a novel historical interpretation and critique of the developmental state in the Korean context. As such, it will be useful to students and scholars of Asian studies, Development Studies and International Political Economy.
Table of Contents
Introduction: the developmental state, ‘Third World developmentalism’ and the fetishism of national development
Forging, reinforcing and reproducing the statist concept of the developmental state
1 Antithesising the state and the market, and the national and the global: forging the statist concept of the developmental state
2 Linking the state and the market: reinforcing the statist concept of the developmental state’
3 Old assumptions in new debates: reproducing the statist concept of the developmental state
Theorising the developmental state beyond statism
4 Traditional Marxist theories of the state as class content analysis and their application to the Korean developmental state
5 An alternative Marxist theory of the state: social form critique and its application to the Korean developmental state
6 Theorising the developmental state beyond statism: a critique of the fetishism of national development
The global and social origins of the Korean developmental state and its transformation
7 The rise of the modern Korean state: capitalism by imperialism and capitalism from above
8 The global and social origins of the Korean developmental state
9 The dialectic of political and economic liberalisation, and the transition of the Korean developmental state
Conclusion: democratisation, fetishisation and the transformation of the developmental state
Hae-Yung Song works on political theory, development theory and the political economy of South Korea. She has taught at Warwick University and worked for the South Korean government in the areas of international relations and diplomacy. She currently teaches at Graduate School of International Studies, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea.