1st Edition

The Study of Violent Crime
Its Correlates and Concerns




ISBN 9781439807477
Published December 14, 2010 by Routledge
244 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations

USD $105.00

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Book Description

Violence is a complex subject that is rooted in a multitude of disciplines, including not only criminology but also psychology, sociology, biology, and other social science disciplines. It is only through understanding violence as a concept that we can hope to respond to it appropriately and to prevent it. The Study of Violent Crime: Its Correlates and Concerns is a comprehensive text that provides a current analysis of violence and violent crime in the United States.

Topics discussed include:

  • The history of violence in Europe and America
  • Whether violent behavior can be predicted
  • Possible correlates of violence, including values, poverty, low education, abuse and neglect, alcohol abuse, and shame
  • Sociological theories surrounding crime causation, including social control, conflict and strain, and anomie
  • Psychological approaches to understanding violence from Freud, Bentham, Skinner, and others
  • Biological theories and the influence of positivism and determinism
  • The role of early exposure to violence on future behavior and programs to counteract these effects
  • Gang activity and hate crimes
  • The history of punishment and its effectiveness
  • Victimology and victimization

Organized in logical fashion, each chapter builds on previous ones and makes use of concrete examples to clarify concepts. Action boxes help readers focus on salient points and review questions appear at the end of each chapter, enabling readers to test their assimilation of the material.

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Study of Violence
Defining Violence
Types of Violence
Methods of Violence
Violence Prevention Initiative
Cost of Violence
Trends in Violence
Historical Trends in Europe
Historical Trends in America
Theoretical Postulations Concerning Changing Rates of Violence
Predicting Violence
Correlates of Violence
Poverty and Violence
Alcohol Abuse and Violence
Abuse and Neglect Effect on Violence
Education and Violence
Sociological Aspects of Violence
Social Controls
Strain Theory and Violence
Control Theories and Violence
Cultural Conflict
Subculture of Violence
Differential Association
Psychological/Psychiatric Approaches to Understanding Violence
Nature of Violent Behavior
Cesare Beccaria
Utilitarianism
Psychiatric Explanations of Violence
Psychoanalytic Approaches
Emotional Problem Theories
Mental Disorders
Behavior and Social Learning Theories
Thinking Pattern Theories
Substance Abuse as a Cause of Violence
Intergenerational Transmission of Violence
Biological Factors and Violence
Positivist Approach to Violence
Biological Approaches to Violence Causation
Exposure to Violence
Juveniles as Victims or Criminals
Media Violence
Domestic Violence Home Visit Intervention Project
Gang Resistance Education and Training Program
Safe Start Centers
Teen Action Partnership
Child Sexual Abuse
Extremely Violent Video Games
Violent Crimes
Murder
Voluntary Manslaughter
Involuntary Manslaughter
Negligent Manslaughter
Robbery
Sex Offenses
Assaultive Crimes
Gangs and Violence
Acts of Violence by Gangs
Regional Trends in Gangs
Characteristics of Gangs
Prison Gangs
Female Gangs
Hate Crimes
Examples of Hate Crimes
Issues in Collecting Data on Hate Crimes
National Hate Crime Statistics
Legal Aspects of Hate Crimes
Identifying Hate Crimes
Typology of Offenders
Shame and Violence
What Is Shame?
Shame and Empathy
How Shame Is Related to the Correlates in Chapter 3
Controlling Violence by the Use of Punishment
Beginning of Legal Punishments
Justification of Punishment
Purposes of Punishment
Victimology and Violence
Code of Hammurabi
Victimization
Appendix: Bibliography of Youth Violence Studies
Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Cliff Roberson LLM, Ph.D is editor-in-chief of Professional Issues in Criminal Justice Journal and is academic chair for the Master of Science in Criminal Justice Program, Kaplan University. He is also an emeritus professor of criminal justice at Washburn University, Topeka, Kansas. In 2009, a research study conducted by a group of professors from Sam Houston State University determined that Roberson was the leading criminal justice author in the United States based on his publications and their relevance to the profession [See Southwest Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol. 6, issue 1, 2009]. He has authored or coauthored more than 50 books and texts on legal subjects.

Dr. Scott Mire has been an assistant professor of criminal justice at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette since August of 2005. Prior to this, Dr. Mire spent several years in law enforcement. He served as a police officer and narcotics agent with the Lafayette, Louisiana Police Department and then worked for the United States Border Patrol in Laredo, Texas. He worked for the Texas Police Corps as a training coordinator while pursuing a Ph.D. in criminal justice at Sam Houston State University. Dr. Mire has authored or coauthored several journal articles and book chapters including two text books in the areas of correctional counseling and ethics in criminal justice.

Featured Author Profiles

Author - Cliff  Roberson
Author

Cliff Roberson

Emeritus Professor, Washburn University
Topeka, Kansas, USA

Learn more about Cliff Roberson »

Author - Cliff  Roberson
Author

Cliff Roberson

Professor Emeritus, Washburn University
Houston, Texas, United States

Learn more about Cliff Roberson »

Reviews

" … provides a comprehensive discussion of violence and violent crime in the United States. … The authors are veteran criminal justice academics."
—Joshua Sinai, Perspectives on Terrorism

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