The Sustainable Use of Concrete: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Sustainable Use of Concrete

1st Edition

By Koji Sakai, Takafumi Noguchi

CRC Press

188 pages | 128 B/W Illus.

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Cement-based concrete has excellent properties as a construction material, and the raw materials of cement—rocks, and limestone and clay—are bountiful. Yet its production generates high quantities of CO2, making it a potentially unsustainable material. However, there are no alternatives to concrete and steel as basic methods for development of socioeconomic infrastructure at this time. Highlighting sustainability issues in the construction industry, The Sustainable Use of Concrete presents guidelines on how to move toward sustainable concrete construction.

The book begins by clarifying the historic background and meaning of sustainability, after which it outlines areas that need to be considered in connection with sustainability in the concrete and construction field. It examines environmental, social and cultural, and economic aspects, then considers an evaluation system of sustainability. The authors include various tools and ISO standards, and then explore technologies for sustainability, with case studies and examples that promote understanding of current technologies.

Although the construction sector, in the broadest sense, has come to recognize that infrastructure development over the past two centuries has been unsustainable, it has been slow to adjust. Comprehensive information and relevant practical guidance are very scarce. This book lays out a roadmap for creating a human-friendly and safe environment with low environmental burden.


"It is a useful reference book [and] gives a good overview of the subject. The level of writing is suitable for an undergraduate materials or civil engineering student."

—Dr. Jacqueline Glass, Senior Lecturer in Architecture and Sustainable Construction, Loughborough University, UK

"… a logical approach … would definitely buy it – authoritative and forward looking … A rigorous approach to best practice … an excellent book with plenty of useful info and well conducted research and analysis …"

—Martin Clarke, Chief Executive, British Precast Concrete Federation

"… presents guidelines on how to move toward sustainable concrete construction. … Ultimately, it provides guidance for creating a world that is safe for both humans and the environment."

—Concrete international, June 2013

Table of Contents




Natural History

Human Beings and Concrete

Genealogy of Sustainability

Pillars of Sustainability


Sustainability in Concrete and Construction

Environmental Aspects

Social and Economic Aspects


Evaluation Systems of Sustainability

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

Environmental Standards for Buildings

Systems of Environmental Impact Evaluation

Environmental Standards for Concrete Sector

Evaluation of Social and Economic Aspects

Tools of Environmental Effect Evaluation for Buildings


Technologies for Concrete Sustainability



Concrete Structures


Sustainable Concrete Technologies: Case Studies

CO2 Negative Concrete in Japan

Low Carbon High-Flowable Concrete

High-Performance Shotcrete

Closed-Loop Concrete System on Construction Site

Concrete Pavement

Ultra-High Strength Fiber Reinforced Concrete

Adaptable Super High Rise Residential Buildings

Utilization of Thermal Mass of Concrete

Pervious Concrete


Future Perspectives

Existing Perspectives

New Perspectives

Wishful Thinking



About the Authors

Koji Sakai is a Professor at Kagawa University, Japan. He chairs ISO/TC71/SC8 on environmental management for concrete and concrete structures, fib commission 3 on environmental aspects of design and construction, and the Japan Concrete Institute Technical Committee on sustainability.

Takafumi Noguchi is an Associate Professor at the University of Tokyo, Japan and secretary of ISO/TC71/SC8, fib commission 3, and the Japan Concrete Institute Technical Committee on sustainability

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General