Throughout Latin America's history the world of work has been linked to race, class, and gender within the larger framework of changing social, political, and economic circumstances both in the region and abroad. In this compelling narrative, David McCreery situates the work experience in Latin America's broader history. Rather than organizing the coverage by forms of work, he proceeds chronologically, breaking 500 years of history into five periods: Encounter and Accommodation, 1480 -- 1550; The Colonial System, 1550 -- 1750; Cities and Towns, 1750 -- 1850; Export Economies, 1850 -- 1930; Work in Modern Latin America, 1930 -- the Present.Within each period, McCreery discusses the chief economic, political, and social characteristics as they relate to work, identifying both continuities and discontinuities from each preceding period. Specific topics studied range from the encomienda, the enslaving of Indians in Spanish America, the introduction of Black African slaves, labor in mining, agricultural labor, urban and domestic labor, women and work, peasant economies, industrial labor, to the maquilas and more.
What is history and how do we learn about it? How has our understanding of history changed and developed over the years? How do historians and students actually go about "doing" history? In an engaging and entertaining style, this accessible "how-to" manual introduces readers to the theory, craft, and methods of history and provides a series of "tools" to help anyone read, research, and understand the past. The first half of the book is a stimulating overview of the key elements of history - evidence, narrative, judgment - that explores how the study and concepts of history have evolved over the centuries. The second half guides readers through the "workshop" of history. Unlocking the historian's "toolbox," it reveals the tricks of the trade, offering concrete examples and practical advice on the study, comprehension, and communication of history. The book covers myriad historical tools, including documents, sources, footnotes, arguments, bibliographies, chronologies, and many other items. It also examines professional ethics and controversial issues, such as plagiarism, historical hoaxes, and conspiracy theories. Brief and illuminating, and filled with fascinating historical information and stories, The Historian's Toolbox will inspire students and teachers alike as it cuts through the jargon and explains simply the "why," "what," and "how" of history.