This volume surveys the 'Syriac world', the culture that grew up among the Syriac-speaking communities from the second century CE and which continues to exist and flourish today, both in its original homeland of Syria and Mesopotamia, and in the worldwide diaspora of Syriac-speaking communities. The five sections examine the religion; the material, visual, and literary cultures; the history and social structures of this diverse community; and Syriac interactions with their neighbours ancient and modern. There are also detailed appendices detailing the patriarchs of the different Syriac denominations, and another appendix listing useful online resources for students.
The Syriac World offers the first complete survey of Syriac culture and fills a significant gap in modern scholarship. This volume will be an invaluable resource to undergraduate and postgraduate students of Syriac and Middle Eastern culture from antiquity to the modern era.
Chapter 26 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://tandfbis.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/rt-files/docs/Open+Access+Chapters/9781138899018_oachapter26.pdf
Table of Contents
Introduction Part I: Backgrounds 1. The eastern provinces of the Roman Empire in Late Antiquity 2. The Sasanian Empire Part II: The Syriac world in Late Antiquity 3. The pre-Christian religions of the Syriac-speaking regions 4. The coming of Christianity to Mesopotamia 5. Forms of the religious life and Syriac monasticism 6. The establisment of the Syriac Churches 7. The Syriac Church denominations: an overview 8. The Syriac world in the Persian Empire 9. Judaism and Syriac Christianity 10. Syriac and Syrians in the later Roman Empire: questions of identity 11. Early Syriac reactions to the rise of Islam 12. The Church of the East in the 'Abbasid Era Part III: The Syriac langage 13. The Syriac language in the context of the Semitic languages 14. The Classical Syriac language 15. Writing Syriac: manuscripts and inscriptions 16. The Neo-Aramaic dialects and their historical background Part IV: Syriac literary, artistic, and material culture in Late Antiquity 17. The Syriac Bible and its interpretation 18. The emergence of Syriac literature to AD 400 19. Later Syriac poetry 20. Syriac hagiographic literature 21. The mysticism of the Church of the East 22. Theological doctrines and debates within Syriac Christianity 23. The liturgies of the Syriac Churches 24. Historiography in the Syriac-speaking world, 300-1000 25. Syriac philosophy 26. Syriac medicine 27. The material culture of the Syrian peoples in Late Antiquity and the evidence for Syrian wall paintings 28. Churches in Syriac space: architectural and liturgical context and development 29. Women and children in Syriac Christianity: sounding voices 30. Syriac agriculture 350-1250 Part V: Syriac Christianity beyond the ancient world 31. Syriac Christianity in Central Asia 32. Syriac Christianity in China 33. Syriac Christianity in India 34. The renaissance of Syriac literature in the twelfth-thirteenth centuries 35. Syriac in a diverse Middle East: from the Mongol Ilkhanate to Ottoman dominance, 1286-1517 36. The Maronite Church 37. The early study of Syriac in Europe 38. Syriac identity in the modern era 39. Changing demography: Christians in Iraq since 1991 Appendices I: The patriarchs of the Church of the East II: West Syrian patriarchs and maphrians III Online resources for the study of the Syriac world Maps Index Subject Index
Daniel King (Research Fellow, Cardiff University, UK) is a scholar of Syriac who specialises in the history of Syriac philosophy and its contribution to the progress of knowledge. His research is principally concerned with examining how the Syriac tradition adopted and adapted to its own environment the heritage of Greek Christian thought and ideas, and how it was able to translate large numbers of Greek texts into a new and distinctive idiom. He has a special interest in all aspects of the history of translation and currently works in East Africa advising and consulting on the translation of the Bible into the vernacular languages of the region.
"The Syriac World represents the most marvellous resource, not just for specialists in Syriac studies but also for scholars and students of global history and religion. Covering the broadest possible range of relevant topics, it brings together cutting-edge research by acknowledged experts, and succeeds in being both immensely learned and accessible. There is generous provision of maps, illustrations, and appendices, and the detailed bibliographies allow readers to pursue topics still further. A considerable achievement on the part of the editor, this volume will be an invaluable addition to private libraries as well as a must for institutions."
– Alison G. Salvesen, University of Oxford, UK
"‘The Syriac World’ is a very significant and valuable work, which is certainly recommended to students of Syriac studies, to specialists in related fields, and to all who have genuine interest in this fascinating subject."
– Bryn Mawr Classical Review
"This volume presenting contributions by leading scholars and experts from across the world is a testimony to this vibrant and fruitful field.
In conclusion, this volume edited by Daniel King is a rich, fascinating, and very useful tool for Syriacists. Most important, perhaps, it offers fresh perspectives on the other regions and communities with which members of ‘the Syriac World’ came into contact."
– Anna Hager, Vienna, Journal of Eastern Christian Studies